Chlorophytina

The Chlorophytina are a proposed basal Tetraphytina clade.[2][3] It is currently seen as sister of the Pedinomonadaceae. It contains the more well-known green alga and is characterized by the presence of phycoplasts.

Chlorophytina
Composite image to illustrate the diversity of Chlorophytina. Top left: Ulva. Top right: Caulerpa. Bottom left: Bornetella. Bottom right: Dictyosphaeria.
Composite image to illustrate the diversity of Chlorophytina. Top left: Ulva. Top right: Caulerpa. Bottom left: Bornetella. Bottom right: Dictyosphaeria.
Scientific classification e
(unranked): Viridiplantae
Division: Chlorophyta
Subphylum: Chlorophytina
Classes[1]

Below is a consensus reconstruction of green algal relationships, mainly based on molecular data et al.[4][5][6]

glaucophyta

Viridiplantae
Prasinodermophyta

Palmophyllophyceae (prasinophyte clade VI)

Prasinodermophyceae

Chlorophyta

Mamiellophyceae (prasinophyte clade II)

Pyramimonadophyceae (prasinophyte clade I)

Chlorophytina

Nephroselmidophyceae (prasinophyte clade III)

Picocystophyceae (prasinophyte clade VIIC)

Pycnococcaceae (prasinophyte clade V)

Chloropicophyceae (prasinophyte clade VIIA & VIIB)

Tetraphytina

Pedinophyceae

Chlorodendrophyceae (prasinophyte clade IV)

Trebouxiophyceae

Ulvophyceae

Chlorophyceae

Streptophyta
Mesostigmatophyceae

Mesostigma viride

Spirotaenia

Chlorokybophyceae

streptofilum

Klebsormidiophyceae

Phragmoplastophyta

Charophyceae (Stoneworts & musk grasses)

Coleochaetophyceae

Zygnematophyceae

Embryophytes (land plants)

green algae

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org/browse/taxonomy/?id=142048 ; searched on 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998-08-01). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biological Reviews. 73 (3): 203–266. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185x.1998.tb00030.x. ISSN 1469-185X. PMID 9809012. S2CID 6557779.
  3. ^ Brodie, Juliet; Lewis, Jane (2007-11-26). Unravelling the algae: the past, present, and future of algal systematics. CRC Press. ISBN 9780849379901.
  4. ^ Sun, Linhua; Fang, Ling; Zhang, Zhenhua; Chang, Xin; Penny, David; Zhong, Bojian (2016-02-05). "Chloroplast Phylogenomic Inference of Green Algae Relationships". Scientific Reports. 6 (1): 20528. Bibcode:2016NatSR...620528S. doi:10.1038/srep20528. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 4742797. PMID 26846729.
  5. ^ Leliaert, Frederik; Tronholm, Ana; Lemieux, Claude; Turmel, Monique; DePriest, Michael S.; Bhattacharya, Debashish; Karol, Kenneth G.; Fredericq, Suzanne; Zechman, Frederick W. (2016-05-09). "Chloroplast phylogenomic analyses reveal the deepest-branching lineage of the Chlorophyta, Palmophyllophyceae class. nov". Scientific Reports. 6 (1): 25367. Bibcode:2016NatSR...625367L. doi:10.1038/srep25367. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 4860620. PMID 27157793.
  6. ^ Sánchez-Baracaldo, Patricia; Raven, John A.; Pisani, Davide; Knoll, Andrew H. (2017-09-12). "Early photosynthetic eukaryotes inhabited low-salinity habitats". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114 (37): E7737–E7745. doi:10.1073/pnas.1620089114. PMC 5603991. PMID 28808007.