Chlorophonia

Chlorophonia is a genus of finches in the family Fringillidae. The Chlorophonias are endemic to the Neotropics. They are small, mostly bright green birds that inhabit humid forests and nearby habitats, especially in highlands.

Chlorophonia
Golden-browed Chlorophonia.jpg
Golden-browed chlorophonia (Chlorophonia callophrys)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Euphoniinae
Genus: Chlorophonia
Bonaparte, 1851
Type species
Chlorophonia cyanea

The genus Chlorophonia was erected in 1851 by the French ornithologist Charles Lucien Bonaparte.[1] The name combines the Ancient Greek khlōros meaning "green" with the genus name Euphonia that had been introduced in 1806 by the French zoologist Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest.[2] The type species was designated as the blue-naped chlorophonia (Chlorophonia cyaneaby) by the English zoologist George Robert Gray in 1855.[3][4] The genus was once considered as a member of the tanager family, Thraupidae.[5]

SpeciesEdit

The genus contains eight species:[6]

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
  Elegant euphonia Chlorophonia elegantissima Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama.
  Antillean euphonia Chlorophonia musica Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Puerto Rico
  Golden-rumped euphonia Chlorophonia cyanocephala Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela.
  Blue-naped chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea south-eastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina, the Andes from Bolivia in south to Venezuela in north, the Perijá and Santa Marta Mountains, the Venezuelan Coastal Range, and the Tepuis.
  Chestnut-breasted chlorophonia Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
  Yellow-collared chlorophonia Chlorophonia flavirostris Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama.
  Blue-crowned chlorophonia Chlorophonia occipitalis El Salvador, Panama, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua.
  Golden-browed chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys Costa Rica and Panama.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bonaparte, Charles Lucien (1851). "Note sur les Tangaras, leurs affinités et descriptions d'espèce nouvelles". Revue et magasin de zoologie pure et appliquée. 2nd series (in French). 3: 137.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  3. ^ Gray, George Robert (1855). Catalogue of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds Contained in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 74.
  4. ^ Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 355.
  5. ^ Banks, Richard C.; Cicero, Carla; Dunn, Jon L.; Kratter, Andrew W.; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Remsen, J.V. Jr.; Rising, James D.; Stotz, Douglas F. (2003). "Forty-fourth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-List of North American Birds". The Auk. 120 (3): 923–931. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2003)120[0923:FSTTAO]2.0.CO;2.
  6. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015.