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Chistopol (Russian: Чи́стополь; Tatar: Cyrillic Чистай, Latin Çistay; Chuvash: Чистай) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the left bank of the Kuybyshev Reservoir, on the Kama River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 60,755.[2]

Chistopol

Чистополь
View of Chistopol
View of Chistopol
Flag of Chistopol
Flag
Coat of arms of Chistopol
Coat of arms
Location of Chistopol
Chistopol is located in Russia
Chistopol
Chistopol
Location of Chistopol
Chistopol is located in Tatarstan
Chistopol
Chistopol
Chistopol (Tatarstan)
Coordinates: 55°21′53″N 50°37′34″E / 55.36472°N 50.62611°E / 55.36472; 50.62611Coordinates: 55°21′53″N 50°37′34″E / 55.36472°N 50.62611°E / 55.36472; 50.62611
CountryRussia
Federal subjectRepublic of Tatarstan[1]
First mentionedthe end of the
17th century
Town status since1781
Area
 • Total19.24 km2 (7.43 sq mi)
Elevation
100 m (300 ft)
Population
 • Total60,755
 • Rank268th in 2010
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,200/sq mi)
 • Administratively subordinated totown of republic significance of Chistopol[1]
 • Administrative center oftown of republic significance of Chistopol[1], Chistopolsky District[1]
 • Municipal districtChistopolsky Municipal District[3]
 • Urban settlementChistopol Urban Settlement[3]
 • Administrative center ofChistopolsky Municipal District[3], Chistopol Urban Settlement[3]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Postal code(s)[5]
422980–422986, 422988, 422999
Dialing code(s)+7 84342
OKATO ID92440000000
Websitechistopol.tatarstan.ru
Chistopol population
2010 Census60,755[2]
2002 Census63,029[6]
1989 Census65,468[7]
1979 Census64,285[8]

Contents

HistoryEdit

It was first mentioned in chronicles at the end of the 17th century.[citation needed] It developed very quickly, and by 1761 the number of inhabitants exceeded 1,000.[citation needed] In 1781, a decree by Catherine the Great granted Chistopol the status of an uyezd town, with the establishment of its own coat of arms.[citation needed] At the end of the 19th century, Chistopol became a major center of trade for grain. Prior to 1917, it was the second largest town (after Kazan) in Kazan Governorate.

During the Great Patriotic War, Chistopol become a shelter for the Union of Soviet Writers, which included Boris Pasternak, Leonid Leonov and other notables.

The town is notable for its watch plant, Vostok watches, which was founded in 1941.

Chistopol was ranked first among Category III cities (population up to 100,000) in the 2015 edition of Most Comfortable City in Russia.[9]

Panorama of the central part of Chistopol

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Chistopol serves as the administrative center of Chistopolsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with one rural locality (the settlement of Yeryklinsky), incorporated separately as the town of republic significance of Chistopol—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Chistopol is incorporated within Chistopolsky Municipal District as Chistopol Urban Settlement.[3]

TransportationEdit

The town is served by the Chistopol Airport.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Order #01-02/9
  2. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #44-ZRT
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  7. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  9. ^ https://www.idelreal.org/a/28510391.html

SourcesEdit

  • Министерство юстиции Республики Татарстан. Приказ №01-02/9 от 4 февраля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан», в ред. Приказа №01-02/160 от 11 марта 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Приказ Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан от 04.02.2014 №01-02/9 "Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов в Республике Татарстан"». Опубликован: Официальный сайт правовой информации Министерства юстиции Республики Татарстан (http://pravo.tatarstan.ru), 27 февраля 2014 г. (Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan. Order #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan, as amended by the Order #01-02/160 of March 11, 2015 On Amending the Order of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Tatarstan #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 "On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan". ).
  • Государственный Совет Республики Татарстан. Закон №44-ЗРТ от 31 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Чистопольский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №140-ЗРТ от 30 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Татарстан "Об установлении границ территорий и статусе муниципального образования "Чистопольский муниципальный район" и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика Татарстан", №№18–19, 1 февраля 2005 г. (State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan. Law #44-ZRT of January 31, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Chistopolsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #140-ZRT of December 30, 2014 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Tatarstan "On Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the Municipal Formation of "Chistopolsky Municipal District" and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the official publication date.).