Wycombe (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wycombe in Buckinghamshire
Location of Buckinghamshire within England
|Major settlements||High Wycombe|
|Member of Parliament||Steve Baker (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two until 1868,|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 History
- 3 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 4 Changes proposed for 2022
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 6.1 Elections 1920–2017
- 6.2 Elections 1868–1918
- 6.3 Elections 1832–1868
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 Further reading
The constituency shares similar borders with Wycombe local government district, although it covers a slightly smaller area. The main town within the constituency, High Wycombe contains many working/middle class voters and a sizeable ethnic minority population that totals around one quarter of the town's population, with some census output areas of town home to over 50% ethnic minorities, and a number of wards harbouring a considerable Labour vote. The surrounding villages, which account for just under half of the electorate, are some of the most wealthy areas in the country, with extremely low unemployment, high incomes and favour the Conservatives. Workless claimants totalled 3.0% of the population in November 2012, lower than the national average of 3.8%.
The Parliamentary Borough of Chipping Wycombe had continuously returned two MPs to the House of Commons since the Model Parliament of 1295. This was reduced to 1 MP by the Representation of the People Act 1867 and the Borough was abolished altogether by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. It was transformed into a large county division, formally named the Southern or Wycombe Division of Buckinghamshire. It was one of three divisions formed from the undivided three-member Parliamentary County of Buckinghamshire, the other two being the Mid or Aylesbury Division and the Northern or Buckingham Division. As well as the abolished Borough, it absorbed the abolished Parliamentary Borough of Great Marlow and included the towns of Beaconsfield and Slough.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Chepping Wycombe, the Sessional Divisions of Burnham and Stoke, and parts of the first and second Sessional Divisions of Desborough.
1918–1945: The Municipal Borough of Chepping Wycombe, the Urban Districts of Eton, Marlow, and Slough, the Rural Districts of Eton and Hambleden, and part of the Rural District of Wycombe.
Beaconsfield was transferred to Aylesbury. Gained Eton which had been part of the abolished Parliamentary Borough of New Windsor in Berkshire.
1945–1950: The Municipal Borough of Chepping Wycombe, the Urban District of Marlow, and the Rural District of Wycombe.
The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1944 set up Boundaries Commissions to carry out periodic reviews of the distribution of parliamentary constituencies. It also authorised an initial review to subdivide abnormally large constituencies in time for the 1945 election. This was implemented by the Redistribution of Seats Order 1945 under which Buckinghamshire was allocated an additional seat. As a consequence, the new County Constituency of Eton and Slough was formed from the Wycombe constituency, comprising the Municipal Borough of Slough and the Urban and Rural Districts of Eton. In compensation, the parts of the (revised) Rural District of Wycombe in the Aylesbury Division, including Hughenden and Princes Risborough, were transferred to Wycombe.
1950–1974: The Municipal Borough of High Wycombe, the Urban District of Marlow, and the Rural District of Wycombe.
No changes to boundaries.
1974–1983: The Municipal Borough of High Wycombe, the Urban District of Marlow, and in the Rural District of Wycombe the parishes of Chepping Wycombe, Fawley, Fingest and Lane End, Great Marlow, Hambleden, Hughenden, Little Marlow, Medmenham, Turville, and West Wycombe Rural.
Northern parts of the Rural District of Wycombe, including Princes Risborough, but excluding Hughenden, transferred back to Aylesbury. Wooburn included in the new County Constituency of Beaconsfield.
1983–1997: The District of Wycombe wards of Booker and Castlefield, Bowerdean and Daws Hill, Cressex and Frogmoor, Downley, Great Marlow, Green Hill and Totteridge, Hambleden Valley, Hughenden Valley, Keep Hill and Hicks Farm, Kingshill, Lane End and Piddington, Little Marlow, Marlow Bottom, Marlow North, Marlow South, Marsh and Micklefield, Oakridge and Tinkers Wood, and West Wycombe and Sands.
Areas to the east of High Wycombe (former parish of Chepping Wycombe) transferred to Beaconsfield. Hazlemere transferred to Chesham and Amersham.
1997–2010: The District of Wycombe wards of Booker and Castlefield, Bowerdean and Daws Hill, Cressex and Frogmoor, Downley, Great Marlow, Green Hill and Totteridge, Hambleden Valley, Hughenden Valley, Keep Hill and Hicks Farm, Kingshill, Lane End and Piddington, Marlow Bottom, Marlow North, Marlow South, Marsh and Micklefield, Oakridge and Tinkers Wood, and West Wycombe and Sands.
2010–present: The District of Wycombe wards of Abbey, Booker and Cressex, Bowerdean, Chiltern Rise, Disraeli, Downley and Plomer Hill, Greater Marlow, Hambleden Valley, Hazlemere North, Hazlemere South, Micklefield, Oakridge and Castlefield, Ryemead, Sands, Terriers and Amersham Hill, Totteridge, and Tylers Green and Loudwater.
Hazlemere transferred back from Chesham and Amersham. Marlow transferred to Beaconsfield and Hughenden to Aylesbury.
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
Members of ParliamentEdit
- Constituency created (1295)
- Reduced to one member (1868)
|1868||Hon. William Carrington||Liberal|
|January 1910||Sir Charles Cripps||Conservative|
|1914||William Baring du Pré||Conservative|
|1924||Sir Alfred Knox||Unionist|
|1952||Sir John Hall||Conservative|
|1978||Sir Ray Whitney||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Labour||to be selected|
|Liberal Democrat||to be selected|
|Brexit Party||to be selected|
|Green||to be selected|
|Change UK||to be selected|
|UKIP||to be selected|
|Renew||to be selected|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Guy||4,147||7.8||−1.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Guy||4,546||8.8||−20.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Guy||13,863||28.8||+9.0|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||James Oates||8,780||19.8||+2.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Dee Tomlin||7,658||17.0||−1.5|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Bensilum||9,678||18.5||−3.1|
|Natural Law||Mark Heath||121||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Andrews||13,005||22.97||−5.5|
|Natural Law||T. Anton||168||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||Tom Hayhoe||14,390||27.5||−0.4|
|Social Democratic||Alan Page||14,024||27.93||N/A|
|Multiracial Political Party||M. Amin||327||0.65||N/A|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||Sylvia Jones||833||1.25||−2.25|
|National Front||Sylvia Jones||2,040||4.12||+0.62|
|Labour||W. F. Back||18,052||30.82|
|Liberal||M. T. James||11,333||19.35|
|National Front||D. H. Smith||2,049||3.50|
|Labour||W. F. Back||18,822||29.48|
|Liberal||M. T. James||15,512||24.29|
|Labour||Bryan S. Jones||23,341||32.51|
|Liberal||Ernest Henry Palfrey||8,297||11.56|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||Arthur Donald Dennis||9,330||15.11|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Liberal||Arthur Donald Dennis||7,068||12.24|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Liberal||Brian Armstrong Law||8,354||16.36|
Election in the 1940sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
A general election was expected 1939/40 and by 1939 the following had been adopted as candidates;
- Conservative: Alfred Knox
- Labour: Ernest Whitfield
- Liberal: Vaughan Watkins
In 1938, the local Labour and Liberal parties had set up a formal organisation, 'The South Bucks Unity Committee' in support of a Popular Front and may well have agreed to support a joint candidate against the sitting Conservative.
Election in the 1930sEdit
Election in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Leonard John Humphrey||16,929||34.5||+1.5|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Unionist||William Baring du Pré||13,228||41.7||−8.4|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+9.8|
|Unionist||William Baring du Pré||15,627||50.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C||Unionist||William Baring du Pré||Unopposed|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Unionist||William Baring du Pré||9,044||57.4||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+13.5|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+17.9|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
- Caused by Curzon's appointment as Treasurer of the Household.
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Conservative||James Simpson Carson||557||33.5||N/A'|
- Caused by Carington's appointment as a Groom in Waiting.
Elections in the 1870sEdit
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Liberal||John Remington Mills||500||41.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
- Caused by Carrington's succession to the peerage, becoming Lord Carrington.
|Liberal||John Remington Mills||Unopposed|
|Liberal||John Remington Mills||220||58.2||N/A|
- Caused by Dashwood's death.
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Liberal||Martin Tucker Smith||Unopposed|
|Whig||Martin Tucker Smith||Unopposed|
|Whig||Martin Tucker Smith||208||35.5||N/A|
|Turnout||293 (est)||84.7 (est)||N/A|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Whig||Martin Tucker Smith||Unopposed|
|Whig gain from Radical|
|Conservative||James William Freshfield||130||23.0||N/A|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian.
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- Gay, Oonagh (28 July 2010). "The Rules for the Redistribution of Seats- history and reform". Cite journal requires
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
- Archdale, a Quaker, never took his seat as he was not prepared to take the prescribed oath.
- On petition, Colyear's election was declared void and a by-election was called. He was re-elected at the by-election but once more voted by the committee not to have been duly returned, and his opponent, Waller, was seated instead.
- Waller was also elected for Marlow, which he chose to represent, and did not for Wycombe in this Parliament.
- Vice Admiral from 1793.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, FWS (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 22–23. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- "Sir George Henry Dashwood 5th Bart". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
- "Ralph Bernal". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- Malcolmson, APW (2006). The Pursuit of the Heiress: Aristocratic Marriage in Ireland 1740-1840 (Illustrated ed.). Ulster Historical Foundation. p. 176. ISBN 9781903688656. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via Google Books.
- "The Brazil Controversy". The Spectator. 18 February 1865. p. 13. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- Rubinstein, William D; Jolles, Michael A; Rubinstein, Hilary L, eds. (2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 191. ISBN 978-1-4039-3910-4. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via Googke Books.
- Hawkins, Angus (2015). Victorian Political Culture: 'Habits of Heart & Mind'. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-19-872848-1. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Wycombe parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election results for Wycombe, 7 May 2015". 7 May 2015.
- electorate 76371 provided by Wycombe Council elections office 22Jun2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Wycombe". BBC News Online. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Upham: Aylesbury By-election 1938".
- British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
- Craig, F. W. S. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 London: Macmillan.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 226. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 344–345. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Wycombe Election". Bolton Evening News. 7 March 1883. p. 3. Retrieved 15 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". Bucks Herald. 7 February 1874. pp. 6–8. Retrieved 23 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Wycombe Election". Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian, Glamorgan, Monmouth, and Brecon Gazette. 15 March 1862. p. 6. Retrieved 24 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Elections". London Evening Standard. 2 July 1852. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 28 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- The Spectator, Volume 18. F. C. Westley. 1845. p. 1006. Retrieved 28 July 2018 – via Google Books.
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)