|Vice Premier of the Republic of China|
21 May 2007 – 6 May 2008
|Preceded by||Tsai Ing-wen|
|Succeeded by||Chang Chun-hsiung|
|Secretary-General of the National Security Council|
20 May 2004 – 6 February 2007
|Preceded by||Kang Ning-hsiang|
|Succeeded by||Mark Chen|
|Secretary-General of Executive Yuan|
1 February 2002 – 1 July 2002
|Preceded by||Wea Chi-lin|
|Succeeded by||Lee Ying-yuan|
|Born||9 May 1950|
Pingtung County, Taiwan
|Nationality||Republic of China|
|Political party||Democratic Progressive Party (1986–2008)|
|Alma mater||National Taiwan University|
University of Chicago
Chiou was born in 1950 in Pingtung County in southern Taiwan. He earned a BA in philosophy from National Taiwan University in 1972, and subsequently attended the University of Chicago, where he earned an MA in political science. While attending the University of Chicago, Chiou was an influential member of the Taiwanese democratization movement, earning himself the nickname "Loudspeaker."
Rise in politicsEdit
Chiou returned to Taiwan, and in 1983, members of the "New Tangwai Generation," including Chiou I-jen, formed the "Association of Tangwai Editors and Writers." The group was focused on bringing democracy to Taiwan, enshrining that goal in their charter: "...Taiwan's future should be decided by its 18 million inhabitants." The charter went on to say "...the people of Taiwan have the right to choose independence." In 1986, Chiou, along with other members of the Tangwai movement, helped the movement coalesce into a coherent political party, thus forming the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). Given that the Kuomintang still ruled the island at the time and did not allow much at all in the way of political opposition, the DPP opted to take a low profile, yet continued to advocate its message of self-determination for Taiwan. Chiou's "New Tangwai Generation" group stuck together and formed the New Tide Faction within the DPP.
As the political climate in Taiwan grew less oppressive and more open, the DPP flourished and began competing with the KMT in elections. In the early 1990s, Chiou was appointed Secretary General of the DPP and served under party Chairmen Shih Ming-teh and Hsu Hsin-liang, but resigned from the post in 1998 to take responsibility for the poor performance of the DPP in the three-in-one elections. The DPP had also begun sending its own representatives to the United States, so as to counterbalance the views of the official KMT-run Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office. Subsequent to his resignation as DPP Secretary General, Chiou was appointed DPP representative, and was sent to Washington, DC.
Career under Chen administrationEdit
While serving as DPP representative to Washington, Chiou also served as the campaign manager for former Taipei Mayor Chen Shui-bian, who was running as the DPP candidate for President. With Chen's election, Chiou was appointed Deputy Secretary General of the National Security Council. Shortly thereafter, Chiou was appointed Secretary General for the Executive Yuan, giving him a stronger hand in shaping government policy.
Chiou served in the EY until early 2002, when Yu Shyi-kun was appointed Premier. Premier Yu removed Chiou from his position as EY Secretary General and moved him to a position as minister without portfolio. In March 2002, Ting Yu-chou stepped down as Secretary General of the National Security Council, and President Chen selected Chiou to replace him. Chiou served in this position from 2002 to 2003.
In January 2003, in a reshuffle of personnel designed to better enable the DPP to wage its campaign for the 2004 Presidential election, President Chen moved Chiou from his position as NSC Secretary General to become the Secretary General of the Presidential Office, earning him the moniker "The Permanent Secretary General." Regarded as the DPP's top elections strategist, Chiou once again successfully managed Chen's campaign, despite the apparent assassination attempt on President Chen and Vice President Annette Lu.
After the successful conclusion of the 2004 election, Chiou was moved back to the National Security Council as Secretary General, and remained there until early 2007, when he was moved back to the Presidential Office as Secretary General. On May 17, 2007, along with the rest of the Cabinet of out-going Premier Su Tseng-chang, Dr. Tsai Ing-wen resigned to make way for incoming Premier Chang Chun-hsiung and his Cabinet. Premier Chang named Chiou I-jen, to replace Dr. Tsai as Vice Premier.
On May 5, 2008, Chiou I-jen resigned from the ruling party after acknowledging responsibility for arranging the transfer of $29.8 million to a Taiwanese man acting as intermediary in a deal to try to get Papua New Guinea to officially recognize Taiwan. About the allegations, Chiou said, "I feel deeply ashamed in the face of my country and people; In addition to helping with judicial investigations, I will withdraw from my beloved Democratic Progressive Party. I believe the investigations will prove my innocence." Chiou was prosecuted with corruption and was prohibited from leaving Taiwan.
On May 6, 2008, he resigned from the Vice Premiership.
On October 31, 2008, Chiou was arrested and detained incommunicado, by Supreme Prosecutors Office's Special Investigation Division Prosecutors, for alleged embezzlement of about $500,000 (£308,000) from diplomatic funds, in 2004, as secretary-general of the National Security Council. Chen Shui-bian called his arrest a "political persecution" by the Beijing-friendly Kuomintang government amid and after another senior DPP member – Chiayi County magistrate Chen Ming-wen's detention on corruption charges: "The government abused the laws and its powers to persecute and humiliate us but the people and the history will return justice to us and prove our innocence. The government of President Ma Ying-jeou is settling old scores in the name of a campaign against corruption. The Special Investigation Division (SID), in order to indict and convict me, has been taking high-profile actions, locking up members of the former government team one by one." Chiou I-jen was the eighth suspect in spin-offs of Chen Shui-bian's money laundering probes under the jurisdiction of the Taipei District Court. He was ultimately found not guilty.
- Vice Premier CHIOU I-jen Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine The Government Information Office, Republic of China
- President tells Chiou to be media's 'best friend' The China Post, Taiwan Page staff, February 8, 2007
- Origin and Development of Adverse Current of 'Taiwan Independence' Jiefangjun Bao, Sun Shengliang, May 29, 2000
- New lineup prepares for 2004 contest Taipei Times, Lin Chieh-Yu and Ko Shu-Ling, January 22, 2003
- Taiwan's new premier picks tough strategist as deputy in limited Cabinet reshuffle The China Post, May 17, 2007
- "Taiwan's vice premier quits party amid scandal". Fox News. Associated Press. May 5, 2008. Retrieved October 19, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "2 senior Taiwanese officials resign over Papua New Guinea diplomatic bungle". The China Post. Associated Press. May 6, 2008. Retrieved October 19, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Arrest in Taiwan corruption probe". BBC. October 31, 2008. Retrieved October 19, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Taiwan ex-vice PM detained on alleged embezzlement". Macau Daily Times. November 1, 2008. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Taiwan's former vice premier detained". Taiwan News. November 1, 2008. Retrieved October 19, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Taiwan ex-vice premier taken into custody in graft probe". HighBeam Research. November 3, 2008. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Chiou detention politically-motivated: Chen". The China Post. November 1, 2008. Retrieved October 19, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "High Court finds Chiou I-jen not guilty". Taipei Times. June 21, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
| Vice Premier of the Republic of China