Chimanbhai Patel

Chimanbhai Patel (3 June 1929 – 17 February 1994) was an Indian politician associated with Indian National Congress and Janata Dal, and a former Chief Minister of Gujarat state in India representing both those parties at various times. Patel is known as the founder of Kokam Theory which was initiated to counter the Kham Theory of Indian National Congress and it was very successful in Saurashtra and South Gujarat to achieve the huge support from Kolis which was 24% of the state population.[1][2]

Chimanbhai Patel
5th Chief Minister of Gujarat
In office
18 July 1973 – 9 February 1974
GovernorKambanthodath Kunhan Vishwanatham
Preceded byGhanshyam Oza
Succeeded byPresident's rule
In office
4 March 1990 – 17 February 1994
GovernorR. K. Trivedi
Mahipal Shastri
Preceded byMadhavsinh Solanki
Succeeded byChhabildas Mehta
Personal details
Born3 June 1929
Sankheda, Bombay Presidency, India
Died17 February 1994
(aged 64)
Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
Political partyIndian National Congress
Spouse(s)Urmila Patel
ChildrenSiddharth Patel, Suhrud Patel, Sujata Patel
Residence(s)Revaranya, Ahmedabad

Born and EducationEdit

He was born on 3 June 1929 in Chikodra village of Sankheda Tehsil in Vadodara district. He was elected the first president of student union of The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda in Vadodara in 1950. He has completed his Masters in Economics from that Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.

Political careerEdit

He was elected to the Gujarat Legislative Assembly from Sankheda in 1967 and joined the Cabinet of Hitendra K Desai. He also became the minister in the Cabinet of Ghanshyam Oza. In 1972, he won again from Sankheda, and became Chief Minister soon later. In 1975 he lost from Jetpur himself, but his new party Kisan Mazdoor Lok Paksha won 11 seats and helped Babubhai Patel of Janata Morcha form government.

In 1990, he was elected to Gujarat Vidhan Sabha as a Janata Dal candidate from Unjha, and was appointed CM. In his early career, he was mentored by Dr. Jethalal K Parikh who was a known freedom fighter from the local town of Sankheda.

Chief MinisterEdit

On 17 July 1973, he replaced Ghanshyam Oza as the Chief Minister of Gujarat. He served in that office till 9 February 1974. Chimanbhai Patel was forced out of office in 1974 by the Nav Nirman movement on charges of corruption. After being expelled from the party, he helped in the formation of Janata Morcha government in the leadership of Babubhai J Patel. He again became the chief minister on 4 March 1990 heading Janata Dal-Bharatiya Janata Party coalition government. On breaking of the coalition on 25 October 1990, he managed to retain his post with the help of 34 legislatures of Indian National Congress (INC). Later he joined INC and continued till his death on 17 February 1994.

He is the first Chief Minister who ushered the development of ports of Gujarat, refineries, and power plants by private parties as part of his industrialization master plan of Gujarat. During his second term, he was the first Chief Minister of India to pass a bill for the ban of cow slaughter and all sale of meat on all Hindu and Jain festival days.[3] He died in office on 17 February 1994, aged 65.


  1. ^ Sheth, Pravin N. (1998). Political Development in Gujarat. New Delhi, India: Karnavati Publications. p. 27.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  2. ^ India on the Threshold of the 21st Century: Problems of National Consolidation. Delhi, India: "Social Science Today" Editorial Board, Nauka Publishers. 1990. p. 174. ISBN 978-5-02-023554-0.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  3. ^ Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. Report of the National Commission on Cattle / CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION. 20.Plight of the Cow in modern India/item no. 112, 114 Archived 27 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine

Further readingEdit

Preceded by Chief Minister of Gujarat
18 July 1973 – 9 February 1974
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Minister of Gujarat
4 March 1990 – 17 February 1994
Succeeded by