Open main menu

Chilgol Church (Korean칠골교회) is one of the two Protestant churches in North Korea and is located on Kwangbok Street, Kwangbok in Chilgol in west Pyongyang.[1][2] It is dedicated to Kang Pan-sok, who was a Presbyterian deaconess and the mother of Kim Il-sung.[3]

Chilgol Church
Chilgol Church (14927462984).jpg
Entrance of Chilgol Church
Chilgol Church is located in Pyongyang
Chilgol Church
Chilgol Church
Coordinates: 39°01′55″N 125°40′31″E / 39.031907°N 125.675257°E / 39.031907; 125.675257
LocationKwangbok Street, Chilgol, Kwangbok, Pyongyang
CountryNorth Korea
DenominationProtestant
History
Founded1899 (1899)
DedicationKang Pan-sok
Architecture
Years built1989 (rebuilt)
Administration
DivisionKorean Christian Federation
Chilgol Church
Chosŏn'gŭl
칠골교회
Hancha
칠골敎會

Contents

HistoryEdit

The church was founded in 1899.[1] It was attended by Kang Pan-sok, the mother of Kim Il-sung who sometimes accompanied her there.[4]

The church was destroyed in June 1950 in the beginning of the Korean War by an American bombing.[1] Kim Il-sung ordered the church to be rebuilt on the spot where the original one associated with his mother had stood.[5] The church was rebuilt in its original style in 1989,[6] and placed under the authority of the Korean Christian Federation.[7]

There is a museum devoted to Kang near the church.[8]

WorshipEdit

The church welcomes believers on official visits, foreign travelers to Pyongyang, diplomats, and members of international organizations. Morale, patriotism and national unity are celebrated there and prayers are addressed to the reunification of the country.[1]

The congregation is about 150 persons.[9] North Korean defectors from outside Pyongyang have reported that they were not aware of the existence of the church.[3] The church is under lay leadership.[10] Protestant pastors are present in the church, but it is not known if they are resident or visiting pastors.[3]

The church is characterized as Protestant, but a denomination is not specified.[11]

PoliticsEdit

South Korean missionaries consider the church to be an instrument of state propaganda.[12] South Korean pastor Han Sang-ryeol visited the church on 28 June 2010.[13] His travel to North Korea was not authorized by the government of his home country and he was sentenced to five years in prison upon his return to South Korea.[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Eglise de Chilgol" [Chilgol Church] (PDF). La République populaire démocratique de Corée (in French): 36. November 2012.
  2. ^ Corfield 2014, p. 27.
  3. ^ a b c "International Religious Freedom Report for 2014 : Korea, Democratic People's Republic of". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  4. ^ Justin Corfield (1 December 2014). Historical Dictionary of Pyongyang. Anthem Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-78308-341-1.
  5. ^ Morse Tan (24 April 2015). North Korea, International Law and the Dual Crises: Narrative and Constructive Engagement. Taylor & Francis. p. 67. ISBN 978-1-134-12250-9.
  6. ^ Yonhap News Agency, Seoul (27 December 2002). North Korea Handbook. M.E. Sharpe. p. 449. ISBN 978-0-7656-3523-5.
  7. ^ Kim Yu-gyong (25 August 2009). "Office de dimanche" [Sunday service] (in French). Corée d'aujourd'hui.[dead link]
  8. ^ Pearson, James (12 August 2014). "In North Korea, a church renovated, missionaries jailed". Reuters. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  9. ^ Do Kyung-ok; Kim Soo-Am; Han Dong-ho; Lee Keum-Soon; Hong Min (24 September 2015). White Paper on Human Rights in North Korea 2015. Korea Institute for National Unification(South Korea). p. 222. ISBN 978-89-8479-802-1.
  10. ^ United States. Dept. of State (2008). Annual Report, International Religious Freedom: Report Submitted to the Committee on International Relations, U.S. House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate by the Department of State, in Accordance with Section 102 of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 178.
  11. ^ Foster-Carter, Adrian (23 December 2000). "Pyongyang Watch: Some of that old-time religion". Asia Times Online. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  12. ^ Kim Hyung-jin (18 May 2007). "Does genuine religious freedom exist in communist North Korea?". Yonhap.
  13. ^ "Photo : Le pasteur sud-coréen Han Sang-ryeol prie dans une église nord-coréenne" [Photo: the South Korean pastor Han Sang-ryeol prays in a North Korean church] (in French). Yonhap. 28 June 2010.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Un pasteur condamné à 5 ans de prison pour visite illégale en Corée du Nord" [Pastor sentenced to five years in prison for illegal visit in North Korea] (in French). Yonhap. 21 January 2011.

Works citedEdit

Corfield, Justin (2014). "Chilgol Revolutionary Site". Historical Dictionary of Pyongyang. London: Anthem Press. pp. 27–29. ISBN 978-1-78308-341-1.

External linksEdit