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Childebert III (or IV), called the Just (French: le Juste) (c.678/679 – 23 April 711), son of Theuderic III and Clotilda (or Doda) and sole king of the Franks (694–711), he was seemingly but a puppet of the mayor of the palace, Pepin of Heristal, though his placita show him making judicial decisions of his own will, even against the Arnulfing clan. His nickname has no comprehensible justification except possibly as a result of these judgements, but the Liber Historiae Francorum calls him a "famous man" and "the glorious lord of good memory, Childebert, the just king."[2] He had a son named Dagobert, who succeeded him, as Dagobert III but his wife was not Edonne, the invention of later fantasists. It is possible, though not likely, that Chlothar IV was also his son. He spent almost his entire life in a royal villa on the Oise.

Childebert III the Just
Childebert III 694 711.jpg
A coin of Childebert III, now in the British Museum
King of the Franks
Reign694–711
PredecessorClovis IV
SuccessorDagobert III
Mayor of the PalacePepin of Herstal
Bornc.678/679 [1]
Died23 April 711 (aged 32–33)
IssueDagobert III
Chlothar IV (?)
DynastyMerovingian
FatherTheuderic III
MotherClotilda

In 708, during his reign of sixteen years, the bishop of Avranches, Saint Aubert, founded the monastery of Mont-Saint-Michel at the urging of the Archangel Michael (according to legend).

Upon his death on 23 April 711, southern Gaul began to grow independent: Burgundy under Bishop Savaric of Auxerre, Aquitaine under Duke Odo the Great, and Provence under Antenor. He died at St Etienne, Loire, France. He was buried in the church of St Stephen at Choisy-au-Bac, near Compiègne.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity: "Childebert III (c.678/9–711) “Frankish King from 694. Succeeded his brother Clovis III as sole ruler during the era of the Mayor Pippin II.".
  2. ^ Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptorum rerum Merovingicarum vol. II, pp. 323-324

External linksEdit

  • From Merovingians to Carolingians: Dynastic Change in Frankia.
  • Pfister, Christian (1911). "Childebert" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). p. 137.
Childebert III
Born: 678/679 Died: 711
Preceded by
Clovis IV
King of the Franks
694–711
Succeeded by
Dagobert III