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Chikkamagaluru (or Chikmagalur in its anglicised form), is a city and the headquarters of Chikkamagaluru district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the foothills of the Mullayanagiri peak of the Western Ghaats, the city attracts tourists from around the state for its pleasant and favourable hill station climate, tropical rainforest, and coffee estates.

Chikkamagaluru
City
Nickname(s): 
Coffee Town
Chikkamagaluru is located in Karnataka
Chikkamagaluru
Chikkamagaluru
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°18′47″N 75°44′13″E / 13.313°N 75.737°E / 13.313; 75.737Coordinates: 13°18′47″N 75°44′13″E / 13.313°N 75.737°E / 13.313; 75.737
CountryIndia
StateKarnataka
Founded byKing Rukmangada
Named forMullayanagiri range
Government
 • BodyNagara Palike
Area
 • Total30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation
1,090 m (3,580 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total118,496
 • Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
577101 - 577102, 577133,577146
Vehicle registrationKA-18
Websitewww.chickamagalurcity.gov.in www.cudackm.com

http://chickmagalur.nic.in

http://chikkamagaluru.nic.in

EtymologyEdit

Chikmagalur takes its name from the Kannada Chikkamagaḷa ūru that translates to "younger daughter's town". It is said to have been given as a dowry to the youngest daughter of Rukmangada, the legendary chief of Sakharayapattana.

 
Chikmagalur tourist map
 
Court Road, Chikmagalur
 
AIT Engineering College


DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 India census,[2] Chikmagalur had a population of 118,496. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chikmagalur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 80% and female literacy of 73%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.[1]

TransportEdit

Chikmagalur is connected to other parts of the state through roads. National Highway 173 (India) passes through the town connecting it with the state capital Bangalore, located 250 kilometres (160 mi) away. State Highway 57 (Karnataka) connects between Shimoga and Hassan. A railway line connects Chikmagalur to Kadur. The nearest international airport is at Mangalore.

Geography and ClimateEdit

Chikmagalur is situated in the Malenadu region of Karnataka in the Deccan plateau in the foothills of the Western Ghats. It is situated at an elevation of 1,090 metres (3,580 ft) above mean sea level. The Yagachi River has its source near the town and flows in the south-easterly direction before uniting with the Kaveri river. Chikmagalur generally has a moderate to cool climate. The temperature of the city varies from 11-20 °C during winter to 25-32 °C during summer.

Chikmagalur district attracts many tourists especially from India due its scenic locations and nearby hill stations such as Baba Budan giri, Kudremukha, Mullayanagiri, Kalasa, Koppa, Sringeri, Jayapura and Mudigere.[citation needed]

Climate data for Chikmagalur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
29
(84)
31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
29.8
(85.6)
25.2
(77.4)
22.6
(72.7)
23.2
(73.8)
24.3
(75.7)
26.2
(79.2)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
26.8
(80.3)
Average low °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
15.2
(59.4)
17.2
(63.0)
18.1
(64.6)
19.1
(66.4)
18.4
(65.1)
18.1
(64.6)
18
(64)
17.6
(63.7)
17
(63)
15.9
(60.6)
14.1
(57.4)
16.9
(62.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 2
(0.1)
4
(0.2)
13
(0.5)
61
(2.4)
112
(4.4)
127
(5.0)
226
(8.9)
132
(5.2)
104
(4.1)
154
(6.1)
59
(2.3)
13
(0.5)
1,007
(39.7)
Source: [3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Climate data". en.climate-data.org. August 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2013.

External linksEdit