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Mikhail Chigorin shortly before his death in 1908

The Chigorin Memorial is a chess tournament played in honour of Mikhail Chigorin (1850–1908), founder of the Soviet Chess School and one of the leading players of his day. The first and most important edition was the one played in 1909 in St. Petersburg. Later on, an international invitation Memorial tournament series was established, and mainly played in the Black Sea resort Sochi (from 1963 to 1990). Further irregular tournaments had been held in 1947, 1951, 1961, and 1972, played in diverse venues. From 1993 the venue returned to his hometown, the Memorial is now played as an Open event.

Contents

St. Petersburg 1909Edit

 
Photo from the first Chigorian Memorial Tournament, 1909

President of the organising committee was Peter Petrovich Saburov, President of the St. Petersburg Chess Club. Members of the committee were Boris Maliutin, O. Sossnitzky, V. Tschudowski, Sergius A. Znosko-Borovsky and Eugene A. Znosko-Borovsky.[1] The main event lasted from 14 February to 12 March 1909.

Name 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Total
1   Akiba Rubinstein (Russian Empire)/  Poland * 1 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 14½
2   Emanuel Lasker (German Empire) 0 * ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 14½
3   Rudolf Spielmann (Austria-Hungary)/  Austria 0 ½ * 1 0 1 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 11
4   Oldřich Duras (Austria-Hungary)/  Bohemia 0 0 0 * 0 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
5   Ossip Bernstein (Russian Empire)/  Ukraine ½ ½ 1 1 * 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ 1 10½
6   Richard Teichmann (German Empire) ½ 0 0 0 1 * 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 10
7   Julius Perlis (Austria-Hungary)/  Poland ½ 0 0 ½ 0 1 * ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 0 0 1
8   Erich Cohn (German Empire) 0 0 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ * 0 0 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 9
9   Carl Schlechter (Austria-Hungary)/  Austria 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 * 1 0 0 1 1 ½ 0 1 ½ 1 9
10   Gersz Salwe (Russian Empire)/  Poland 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 1 0 * ½ 1 1 1 ½ 0 1 1 1 9
11   Savielly Tartakower (Austria-Hungary)/  Poland ½ 0 ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 0 1 ½ * 0 0 0 ½ 1 1 1 ½
12   Jacques Mieses (German Empire) 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ 1 0 1 * ½ 1 1 1 0 1 1
13   Fyodor Duz-Khotimirsky (Russian Empire)/  Ukraine 1 1 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 0 1 ½ * ½ ½ ½ 1 0 1 8
14   Leo Forgács (Austria-Hungary)/  Hungary 0 0 1 0 1 ½ ½ 1 0 0 1 0 ½ * ½ ½ ½ 0 ½
15   Amos Burn (England) ½ 0 ½ 0 1 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ * 1 ½ ½ 0 7
16   Milan Vidmar (Austria-Hungary)/  Slovenia 0 0 0 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 0 0 ½ ½ 0 * ½ 1 0 7
17   Abraham Speijer (Netherlands) 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 ½ 0 0 0 1 0 ½ ½ ½ * ½ ½ 6
18   Sergey von Freymann (Russian Empire) 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 0 ½ 0 0 0 1 1 ½ 0 ½ * 0
19   Eugene Znosko-Borovsky (Russian Empire) 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 * 5

Rubinstein and Lasker won 875 rubles (each), Spielmann and Duras 475 rubles (each), Bernstein 190 rubles, Teichmann 120 rubles, Perlis 80 rubles, Cohn, Schlechter, and Salwe 40 rubles (each).[2]

1947-1972Edit

From 1947, there were several Chigorin memorial tournaments, but it was not until 1963 that it was established as an annual event in Sochi. These tournaments were all played on the round robin format.

Year Winner City
1947 Mikhail Botvinnik Moscow
1951 Vasily Smyslov Leningrad
1961 Mark Taimanov Rostov-on-Don
1972 Lev Polugaevsky Kislovodsk

Sochi period (1963-1990)Edit

Back to St. Petersburg (1993-present)Edit

Since 1993, the Chigorin Memorial has been played as an open Swiss system tournament. The 13th edition was not played for superstitious reasons. The winners are listed below.

# Year Winner
1 1993 Alexey Dreev
2 1994 Ildar Ibragimov
3 1995 Vladimir Burmakin
4 1996 Alexei Fedorov
Lembit Oll
5 1997 Konstantin Sakaev
6 1998 Sergey Volkov
7 1999 Alexander Grischuk
Sergey Volkov
8 2000 Valerij Filippov
9 2001 Mikhail Kobalia
10 2002 Alexander Fominyh
11 2004 Sergey Ivanov
12 2005 Igor Zakharevich
Roman Ovetchkin
14 2006 Dmitry Bocharov
15 2007 Sergei Movsesian
16 2008 Vladimir Belov
17 2009 Sergey Volkov
18 2010 Eltaj Safarli
19 2011 Dmitry Bocharov
20 2012 Alexander Areshchenko
21 2013 Pavel Eljanov
22 2014 Ivan Ivanisevic
23 2015 Kirill Alekseenko
24 2016 Kirill Alekseenko
25 2017 Kirill Alekseenko

ReferencesEdit

  • The International Chess Congress: St. Petersburg 1909, New York, edition Lasker Press, 1910 (reprinted by Dover books 1971)

External linksEdit