Chiefdom of Bathang

Chiefdom of Bathang (Tibetan: འབའ་ཐང་, Wylie: vbav thang), or Chiefdom of Batang (Chinese: 巴塘土司), was an autonomous Tusi chiefdom that ruled Bathang (present day Batang County of Garzê Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture) during the Qing dynasty period.

Chiefdom of Bathang
འབའ་ཐང
1719–1906
CapitalBathang
Common languagesKhams Tibetan
chieftain 
• 1719–17??
Norbu Ngawang (first)
• 18??–1906
Tashi Gyaltsen (last)
vice chieftain 
• 1719-17??
Tashi Tsering (first)
• 18??-1906
Drakpa Gyaltsen (last)
History 
• Established
1719
• Disestablished
1906
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Khoshut Khanate
Qing dynasty
Today part ofChina

Bathang belonged to the Chiefdom of Lijiang during the Ming dynasty period. Later, it was occupied by the Khoshut Khanate. In 1703, Lha-bzang Khan appointed two desi to govern the region. In 1719, a Chinese army under Yue Zhongqi marched to conquer Tibet, and the two desi surrendered to the Chinese. They were appointed chieftain and vice chieftain by the Chinese respectively.[1]

Bathang, Lithang, Chakla and Derge were called the "Four Great Native Chiefdoms in Kham" (康区四大土司) by the Chinese. In 1725, Bathang was separated from Tibet. From then on, it was under the jurisdiction of Sichuan. Bathang chieftains were appointed by Chinese emperors directly.[1]

Under the inspiration of Guangxu's expansion policy, many Chinese migrated to Kham. It irritated the local Tibetans. In 1905, Bathang murdered a Chinese official Fengquan (鳳全). Then Bathang revolted against Qing China. The rebellion was put down by Zhao Erfeng in the same year.[2] The last chieftain and vice chieftain were captured by Zhao, and tortured to death.[3] Bathang was annexed by China in the next year.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 清王朝敕封的康区土司
  2. ^ Schaeffer, Kurtis R.; Kapstein, Matthew; Tuttle, Gray, eds. (2013). Sources of Tibetan Tradition (illustrated ed.). Columbia University Press. p. xxxvi. ISBN 978-0231135986. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  3. ^ 国庆 (1989). "赵尔丰及其巴塘经营" [Zhao Erfeng and his Batang operations.]. 西藏研究 (4).