List of chief ministers of Gujarat

  (Redirected from Chief Ministers of Gujarat)

The Chief Minister of Gujarat is the chief executive of the government of the Indian state of Gujarat. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Chief Minister of Gujarat
Vijay Rupani.jpg
Incumbent
Vijay Rupani

since 7 August 2016
AppointerGovernor of Gujarat
Inaugural holderJivraj Narayan Mehta
Formation1 May 1960

Gujarat state was created on 1 May 1960, composed of the Gujarati-speaking districts of Bombay State. Since then sixteen people have served as its chief minister including inaugural office-holder Jivraj Narayan Mehta, one of several Indian National Congress members to serve in the role and Narendra Modi who is Current Prime Minister and one of the several members of Bharatiya Janata Party.Longest-serving chief minister is Narendra Modi of the Bharatiya Janata Party, who served for twelve and a half years from 2001 to 2014. After Modi resigned to become the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, his party-mate Anandiben Patel became the state's first woman chief minister. The incumbent chief minister is the BJP's Vijay Rupani, who has served since 7 August 2016.

Chief Ministers of GujaratEdit

Colour key for parties
 
Jivraj Narayan Mehta, Gujarat's first chief minister
 
Shankersinh Vaghela, the 12th chief minister of Gujarat
 
Former chief ministers Anandiben Patel and Narendra Modi
No[a] Name Constituency Term of office[2] Party[b] Duration Assembly[3] Ref
1 Jivraj Narayan Mehta Amreli 1 May 1960 3 March 1962 Indian National Congress 3 years, 141 days First (1960–61) [4]
3 March 1962 19 September 1963 Second (1962–66) [5]
2 Balwantrai Mehta Bhavnagar 19 September 1963 19 September 1965 2 years, 0 days
3 Hitendra Kanaiyalal Desai Olpad 19 September 1965 3 April 1967 5 years, 245 days
3 April 1967 12 May 1971 Indian National Congress (O) Third (1967–71) [6]
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 13 May 1971 17 March 1972 N/A 309 days Dissolved
4 Ghanshyam Oza Dehgam 17 March 1972 17 July 1973 Indian National Congress 1 year, 122 days Fourth (1972–74) [8]
5 Chimanbhai Patel Sankheda 17 July 1973 9 February 1974 207 days
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 9 February 1974 18 June 1975 N/A 1 year, 129 days Dissolved
6 Babubhai J. Patel Sabarmati 18 June 1975 12 March 1976 Indian National Congress (O)
(Janata Morcha)
268 days Fifth (1975–80) [9]
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 12 March 1976 24 December 1976 N/A 287 days
7 Madhav Singh Solanki Bhadran 24 December 1976 10 April 1977 Indian National Congress 107 days
(6) Babubhai J. Patel Sabarmati 11 April 1977 17 February 1980 Janata Party 2 years, 312 days
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 17 February 1980 6 June 1980 N/A 110 days Dissolved
(7) Madhav Singh Solanki Bhadran 7 June 1980 10 March 1985 Indian National Congress 5 years, 29 days Sixth (1980–85) [10]
11 March 1985 6 July 1985 Seventh (1985–90) [11]
8 Amarsinh Chaudhary Vyara (ST) 6 July 1985 9 December 1989 4 years, 156 days
(7) Madhav Singh Solanki Bhadran 10 December 1989 3 March 1990 83 days
(5) Chimanbhai Patel Unjha 4 March 1990 25 October 1990 Janata Dal 3 years, 350 days Eighth (1990–95) [12]
25 October 1990 17 February 1994 Janata Dal (Gujarat)
9 Chhabildas Mehta Mahuva 17 February 1994 13 March 1995 Indian National Congress 1 year, 24 days
10 Keshubhai Patel Visavadar 14 March 1995 21 October 1995 Bharatiya Janata Party 221 days Ninth (1995–98) [13]
11 Suresh Mehta Mandvi 21 October 1995 19 September 1996 334 days
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 19 September 1996 23 October 1996 N/A −27 days
12 Shankersinh Vaghela Radhanpur 23 October 1996 27 October 1997 Rashtriya Janata Party 1 year, 35 days
13 Dilip Parikh Dhandhuka 28 October 1997 4 March 1998 188 days
(10) Keshubhai Patel Visavadar 4 March 1998 6 October 2001 Bharatiya Janta Party 3 years, 216 days Tenth (1998–2002) [14]
14 Narendra Modi Rajkot Pashchim 7 October 2001 22 December 2002 12 years, 227 days
Maninagar 22 December 2002 22 December 2007 Eleventh (2002–07) [15]
23 December 2007 20 December 2012 Twelfth (2007–12) [16]
20 December 2012 22 May 2014 Thirteenth (2012–17) [17]
15 Anandiben Patel Ghatlodia 22 May 2014 7 August 2016 2 years, 77 days
16 Vijay Rupani Rajkot West 7 August 2016 26 December 2017 4 years, 114 days
26 December 2017 Incumbent Fourteenth (2017–22) [18]

NotesEdit

Footnotes
  1. ^ A number inside brackets indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  3. ^ a b c d e President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[7]
References
  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Gujarat as well.
  2. ^ Chief Ministers of Gujarat. Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Retrieved on 18 December 2012.
  3. ^ List of Duration of Sessions (1 to 12 Vidhansabha) and sittings of Gujarat Legislative Assembly. Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Retrieved on 18 December 2012.
  4. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957, to the Legislative Assembly of Bombay". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1962, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  6. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1967, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  7. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
  8. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1972, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  9. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1975, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  10. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1980, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1985, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1990, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1995, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  14. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1998, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  15. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 2002, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  16. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2007, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2012, to the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat". Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 23 May 2014.
  18. ^ "BJP retains Vijay Rupani as CM in Gujarat, but is undecided in Himachal Pradesh". The Indian Express. 23 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.

External linksEdit