Chief Justice of Namibia

The Chief Justice of Namibia (sometimes also called Judge President) is the head of the Supreme Court of Namibia, the highest appellate court in Namibia. It is the highest post in the Namibia's judicial system, presiding over the operation of the supreme court. The position was created on 21 March 1990, the day of Namibian independence, along with the foundation of the Supreme Court.[1]

The Chief Justice is responsible for the swearing-in of members of the National Assembly[2] as well as the president of Namibia, and further for the safekeeping of the presidential symbols of the power (constitution, seal of state, and national flag) during the handover from one president to another.[3] They can further request the Namibian president to appoint Acting Judges, either to fill temporary vacancies, or to supplement the jury ad hoc with experts on certain legal issues.[4]

The Chief Justice and all other judges are appointed by the President of Namibia on the recommendation of the Judicial Service Commission in which the Chief Justice is a member. Other members of this commission are the Attorney-General of Namibia, a judge appointed by the President, and two representatives of the legal fraternity.[4]

Appointment controversyEdit

While Namibia's constitution enshrines the independence of the judiciary,[4] appointment of judges lies in the power of the president. In 2002, the official retirement age for judges in Namibia was amended from 70 to 65. At reaching retirement age, judges including the Chief Justice can only be reappointed in acting position. This change cut short the term of Namibia's third Chief Justice Johan Strydom who became 65 in June 2003, a move that was speculated to be part of a plan to appoint a Chief Justice with close ties to SWAPO, the ruling party.[5]

List of Chief JusticesEdit

As a legacy of the Commonwealth of Nations, Justices in Namibia bear the title Lord. The present Chief Justice is His Lordship Peter Shivute.[1]

No. Chief Justice Start of Term End of Term
1 Hans Joachim Berker 21 March 1990 5 July 1992
2 Ismael Mahomed July 1992 1999
3 Johan Strydom March 1999 June 2003
- Johan Strydom (acting) June 2003 September 2004
- Simpson Mtambanengwe (acting) October 2004 November 2004
4 Peter Shivute 1 December 2004 Incumbent

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "History of the Supreme Court of Namibia". Supreme Court of Namibia. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
  2. ^ Ekongo, John (23 March 2010). "New MPs take their seats". New Era. Archived from the original on 16 March 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
  3. ^ Menges, Werner (22 March 2005). "The torch is passed". The Namibian.
  4. ^ a b c "Constitution of Namibia, Articles 78–88". Namibian Society for Human Righte. Archived from the original on 16 November 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
  5. ^ Menges, Werner (5 October 2004). "New Acting Chief Justice sworn in". The Namibian.