District administration in Nepal
District administration makes up the third level of government division in Nepal. The provision for a District Assembly, which acts as the legislature at the district-level, is mentioned in Part 17 of the Constitution of Nepal. The 77 districts of Nepal each have their own district assemblies which in turn elect their own District Coordination Committees, which serves as the executive at the district-level. In addition to this each district also has a District Administration Office which oversees the general administration of each district.
District Administration OfficeEdit
The District Administration Office (Nepali: जिल्ला प्रशासन कार्यालय) is a general administration of government in each district of Nepal. The government of Nepal appoints a Chief District Officer in each district to function as a Chief Administration Officer.
The Local Administration Act, 2028 (1971) was implemented to conduct local administration in accordance with the decentralized administration system to effectively operate peace and order. Section 5 of the Local Administration Act was constituted to be a district administration office in every district to conduct general administration of the district. The DAO in each district of Nepal works under Ministry of Home Affairs. The main function of the DAO is to maintain peace, order and security in the district and provide assistance in development activities run by the federal government, provincial government, District Coordination Committee, urban municipality and rural municipality. 
Chief District OfficerEdit
The Chief District Officer (Nepali: प्रमुख जिल्ला अधिकृत, abbreviation: C.D.O.) is an administrative rank under Ministry of Home Affairs in Nepal who is appointed by the government as the senior-most executive magistrate and chief in-charge of general administration of a district . The main guideline to C.D.O. for his/her administration is the Local Administration Act, 1972. The C.D.O. is responsible for proper inspection of all the departments in a district such as health, education, security and all other government offices. In case of threatened public security conditions like riots, she/he can mobilize security forces and take other actions like imposing curfew order, fixing restricted area, arresting anyone according to law, hearing some cases as a quasi-judicial body. Distributing the Certificate of Nepalese Citizenship, processing and recommendation for passports, maintaining peace and security, law and order, acting as a representative of government, enjoying the authorities provided by more than 90 prevailing acts make a Chief District Officer powerful. The C.D.O. is the most powerful position in Nepalese administrative service. Likewise, Assistant Chief District Officers enjoys almost all the authorities as delegated by C.D.O. and other laws.
The District Assembly (Nepali: जिल्ला सभा) is composed of chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of each rural municipality and mayors and deputy mayors of each municipality within a district. The District Assembly coordinates between all municipalities and rural municipalities within the district. It elects a nine-member District Coordination Committee including a chief and deputy chief and at least three women and one member from the Dalit or minority communities for a five-year term. Any member within the village or municipal assembly in local levels within the district are eligible to be elected to the District Coordination Committee and if elected their status as a local representative will lapse.
District Coordination CommitteeEdit
The District Coordination Committee (Nepali: जिल्ला समन्वय समिति, abbreviation: DCC) was formed on March 14, 2017 to replace the existing district development committee. Each of the 77 districts in Nepal have their own district coordination committees in.
The Head of a district development committee is elected by the district assembly. The government also appoints a Local Development Officer in each district development committee who heads the DCC in absence of an elected head or deputy head.
The DCC acts as an executive to the district Assembly. The DCC coordinates with the Provincial Assembly to establish coordination between the Provincial Assembly and rural municipalities and municipalities and to settle disputes, if any, of political nature. It also maintains coordination between the provincial and Federal government and among the local bodies in the district. It also monitors development within the district.
List of district coordination committees with their headsEdit
|SN||District||Nepali||Chief District Officer||Chief||District Assembly control||DCC Website||DAO Website|
|1||Taplejung||ताप्लेजुंग||Mohan Bahadur GC||Ghanendra Maden||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|2||Panchthar||पाँचथर||Prince Singh||Bishnu Prasad Sapkota||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|3||Ilam||इलाम||Ganesh Prasad Baral||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|4||Jhapa||झापा||Shrawan Kumar Timalsina||Somnath Bishwokarma||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|5||Morang||मोरङ||Shri Ram Prasad Acharya||Naresh Prasad Pokharel||No overall control|||||
|6||Sunsari||सुनसरी||Gopal Prashad Parajuli||Gopal Rajbhandari||Nepali Congress|||||
|7||Dhankuta||धनकुटा||Prem Prakash Upreti||Tanka Bahadur Chuwan||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|8||Tehrathum||तेर्हथुम||Shiva Prasad Dhungana||Nepal Communist Party|||
|9||Sankhuwasabha||संखुवासभा||Shivaraj Joshi||Suman Shakya||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|10||Bhojpur||भोजपुर||Phanindra Dahal||Laxman Khadka||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|11||Solukhumbu||सोलुखुम्बु||Shri Sunil Khanal||Bir Kumar Rai||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|12||Okhaldhunga||ओखलढुङ्गा||Janakraj Panta||Jay Bahadur Shrestha||Nepali Congress|||||
|13||Khotang||खोटाङ||Ekdeva Adhikari||Babi Chamling Rai||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|14||Udayapur||उदयपुर||Bishnu Kumar Karki||Khadga Bahadur Pariyar||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|15||Saptari||सप्तरी||Rudraprasad Pandit||Prabhakar Yadav||People's Socialist Party, Nepal|||||
|16||Siraha||सिरहा||Bhagirath Pandey||Ram Chandra Thakur||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|17||Dhanusa||धनुषा||Dilip Kumar Chapagai||Ram Dev Banrait Yadav||People's Socialist Party, Nepal|||||
|18||Mahottari||महोत्तरी||Baburam Shrestha||Suresh Prasad Singh||People's Socialist Party, Nepal|||||
|19||Sarlahi||सर्लाही||Krishna Bahadur Katuwal||Methur Chaudhary||People's Socialist Party, Nepal|||||
|20||Sindhuli||सिन्धुली||Janakraj Dahal||Shankar Raj Tiwari (Verma)||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|21||Ramechhap||रामेछाप||Dilip Prasad Lamichane||Prem Bahadur Khadka||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|22||Dolakha||दोलखा||Laxman Bikram Thapa||Dabal Pandey||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|23||Sindhupalchok||सिन्धुपाल्चोक||Gopal Tamang||Nepal Communist Party|||
|24||Kavrepalanchowk||काभ्रेपलाञ्चोक||Shiv Prasad Shimkhada||Uddhav K.C.||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|25||Lalitpur||ललितपुर||Mahadeb Pantha||Ambar Bahadur Khadka||Nepali Congress|||||
|26||Bhaktapur||भक्तपुर||HumKala Pandey||Nawaraj Gelal||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|27||Kathmandu||काठमाडौं||Kedarnath Sharma||Shiva Sundar Rajvaidya||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|28||Nuwakot||नुवाकोट||Birendra Kumar Yadav||Santa Man Tamang||Nepali Congress|||||
|29||Rasuwa||रसुवा||Choumendra Nyopane||Kul Prasad Bhattarai||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|30||Dhading||धादिङ||Shyam Prasad Bhandari||Jagannath Nepal||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|31||Makwanpur||मकवानपुर||Chakra Bahadur Budha||Raghunath Khulal||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|32||Rautahat||रौतहट||Basu Dev Ghimire||Ram Ekwal Rae Yadav||Nepali Congress|||||
|33||Bara||बारा||Vijay Narayan Manandhar||Nawal Kishor Singh Rajput||People's Socialist Party, Nepal|||||
|34||Parsa||पर्सा||Vinod Prakash Singh||Nek Mohammad Ansari||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|35||Chitwan||चितवन||Narayan Prasad Bhatt||Krishna Kumar Dallakoti||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|36||Gorkha||गोरखा||Shri Jitendra Basnet||Ashok Kumar Gurung||Nepali Congress|||||
|37||Lamjung||लमजुङ||Yuvaraj Mainali||Lok Raj Pandey||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|38||Tanahun||तनहुँ||Bharat Kumar Sharma||Shanti Raman Wagle||Nepali Congress|||||
|39||Syangja||स्याङ्जा||Shri Mahesh Aacharya||Sita Kumari Sundas||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|40||Kaski||कास्की||Taranath Adhikari||Baina Bahadur Chhetri (Adhikari)||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|41||Manang||मनाङ||Hariprasad Panta||Yagya Prasad Ghale||Nepali Congress|||||
|42||Mustang||मुस्ताङ||Ramchandra Tiwari||Chhiring Lhamu Gurung||No overall control|||||
|43||Myagdi||म्याग्दी||Krishnaprasad Adhikari||Devendra Bahadur Katuwal Chhetri||No overall control|||||
|44||Parbat||पर्वत||Rajesh Panthi||Manohar Bishwokarma (Paudel)||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|45||Baglung||बागलुङ||Rajendra Dhungana||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|46||Gulmi||गुल्मी||Shri Gopal Prasad Aryal||Laxman Parajuli||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|47||Palpa||पाल्पा||Bishnu Prasad Dhakal||Daya Raj Basyal||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|48||Nawalpur||नवलपुर||Udaya Bahadur Rana Magar||Ches Ram Ale Magar||Nepali Congress|||||
|49||Parasi||परासी||Shiva Shankar Prasad Rae||Nepali Congress|||||
|50||Rupandehi||रुपन्देही||Hariprasad Mainali||Ek Raj B.K.||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|51||Kapilvastu||कपिलवस्तु||Madan Bhujel||Narayan Prasad Khanal||Nepali Congress|||||
|52||Arghakhanchi||अर्घाखाँची||BijayRaj Paudel||Pitambar Sharma||Nepali Congress|||||
|53||Pyuthan||प्युठान||Dr. Krishna Bahadur Ghimire||Keshav Raj Acharya||No overall control|||||
|54||Rolpa||रोल्पा||Ganj Bahadur MC||Raj Bahadur Budha||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|55||Eastern Rukum||पूर्वी रुकुम||Bhupendra Sapkota||Gajendra Bahadur Oli||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|56||Western Rukum||पश्चिमी रुकुम||Banshi Kumar Aacharya||Raj Kumar Sharma||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|57||Salyan||सल्यान||Paramananda Ghimire||Kesh Bahadur Bista||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|58||Dang||दाङ||Shri Gajendra Bahadur Shrestha||Jitendra Man Nepali||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|59||Banke||बाँके||Ramesh Kumar KC||Ajay Kumar Shreewastav||No overall control|||||
|60||Bardiya||बर्दिया||Shri PremLal Lamichhane||Shankar Prasad Tharu||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|61||Surkhet||सुर्खेत||Sitaram Karki||Chhawi Lal Sigdel||Nepali Congress|||||
|62||Dailekh||दैलेख||Shri Bishwaraj Nyoupane||Prem Bahadur Thapa||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|63||Jajarkot||जाजरकोट||Pushparaj Shahi||Man Bahadur Rawal||Nepali Congress|||||
|64||Dolpa||डोल्पा||Bhupendra Thapa||Sher Bahadur Budha||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|65||Jumla||जुम्ला||Bishnu Paudel||Lal Bahadur Sarki||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|66||Kalikot||कालिकोट||Chandranath Gautam||Anipal Shahi||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|67||Mugu||मुगु||Shri Umakanta Adhikari||Purna Bahadur Rokaya||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|68||Humla||हुम्ला||Madhab Prasad Dhungana||Dan Bahadur Rawat||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|69||Bajura||बाजुरा||Luk Bahadur Chetri||Narendra Kumar Rokaya||Nepali Congress|||||
|70||Bajhang||बझाङ||Prem Singh Kunwar||Khadak Bahadur Khadka||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|71||Achham||अछाम||Kishor Kumar Chaudhari||Nar Bahadur Kunwar||Nepali Congress|||||
|72||Doti||डोटी||Surya Bahadur Khatri||Ram Bahadur Airee||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|73||Kailali||कैलाली||Gobind Prasad Rijal||Surya Bahadur Thapa||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|74||Kanchanpur||कञ्चनपुर||Ram Prasad Pandey||Fairu Tamang||Nepal Communist Party|||||
|75||Dadeldhura||डडेल्धुरा||Janakraj Bhatt||Ganesh Raj Bhatta||Nepali Congress|||||
|76||Baitadi||बैतडी||Siddha Raj Joshi||Siddha Raj Bhatta||Nepali Congress|||||
|77||Darchula||दार्चुला||Janardan Gautam||Karbir Singh Karki||Nepali Congress|||||
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