District administration in Nepal

  (Redirected from Chief District Officer)

District administration makes up the third level of government division in Nepal. The provision for a District Assembly, which acts as the legislature at the district-level, is mentioned in Part 17 of the Constitution of Nepal.[1] The 77 districts of Nepal each have their own district assemblies which in turn elect their own District Coordination Committees, which serves as the executive at the district-level. In addition to this each district also has a District Administration Office which oversees the general administration of each district.

District Administration OfficeEdit

The District Administration Office (Nepali: जिल्ला प्रशासन कार्यालय) is a general administration of government in each district of Nepal. The government of Nepal appoints a Chief District Officer in each district to function as a Chief Administration Officer.

The Local Administration Act, 2028 (1971) was implemented to conduct local administration in accordance with the decentralized administration system to effectively operate peace and order. Section 5 of the Local Administration Act was constituted to be a district administration office in every district to conduct general administration of the district.[2][3] The DAO in each district of Nepal works under Ministry of Home Affairs.[4] The main function of the DAO is to maintain peace, order and security in the district and provide assistance in development activities run by the federal government, provincial government, District Coordination Committee, urban municipality and rural municipality. [5]

Chief District OfficerEdit

The Chief District Officer (Nepali: प्रमुख जिल्ला अधिकृत, abbreviation: C.D.O.) is an administrative rank under Ministry of Home Affairs in Nepal who is appointed by the government as the senior-most executive magistrate and chief in-charge of general administration of a district . The main guideline to C.D.O. for his/her administration is the Local Administration Act, 1972. The C.D.O. is responsible for proper inspection of all the departments in a district such as health, education, security and all other government offices. In case of threatened public security conditions like riots, she/he can mobilize security forces and take other actions like imposing curfew order, fixing restricted area, arresting anyone according to law, hearing some cases as a quasi-judicial body. Distributing the Certificate of Nepalese Citizenship, processing and recommendation for passports, maintaining peace and security, law and order, acting as a representative of government, enjoying the authorities provided by more than 90 prevailing acts make a Chief District Officer powerful. The C.D.O. is the most powerful position in Nepalese administrative service. Likewise, Assistant Chief District Officers enjoys almost all the authorities as delegated by C.D.O. and other laws.

District AssemblyEdit

The District Assembly (Nepali: जिल्ला सभा) is composed of chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of each rural municipality and mayors and deputy mayors of each municipality within a district.[6][7][8][9] The District Assembly coordinates between all municipalities and rural municipalities within the district. It elects a nine-member District Coordination Committee including a chief and deputy chief and at least three women and one member from the Dalit or minority communities for a five-year term. Any member within the village or municipal assembly in local levels within the district are eligible to be elected to the District Coordination Committee and if elected their status as a local representative will lapse.

District Coordination CommitteeEdit

The District Coordination Committee (Nepali: जिल्ला समन्वय समिति, abbreviation: DCC) was formed on March 14, 2017 to replace the existing district development committee.[10][11] Each of the 77 districts in Nepal have their own district coordination committees in.[12]

The Head of a district development committee is elected by the district assembly. The government also appoints a Local Development Officer in each district development committee who heads the DCC in absence of an elected head or deputy head.[13]

The DCC acts as an executive to the district Assembly. The DCC coordinates with the Provincial Assembly to establish coordination between the Provincial Assembly and rural municipalities and municipalities and to settle disputes, if any, of political nature. It also maintains coordination between the provincial and Federal government and among the local bodies in the district. It also monitors development within the district.[1][14]

List of district coordination committees with their headsEdit

 

SN District Nepali Chief District Officer Chief District Assembly control DCC Website DAO Website
1 Taplejung ताप्लेजुंग Mohan Bahadur GC Ghanendra Maden Nepal Communist Party [1] [2]
2 Panchthar पाँचथर Prince Singh Bishnu Prasad Sapkota Nepal Communist Party [3] [4]
3 Ilam इलाम Ganesh Prasad Baral Nepal Communist Party [5] [6]
4 Jhapa झापा Shrawan Kumar Timalsina Somnath Bishwokarma Nepal Communist Party [7] [8]
5 Morang मोरङ Shri Ram Prasad Acharya Naresh Prasad Pokharel No overall control [9] [10]
6 Sunsari सुनसरी Gopal Prashad Parajuli Gopal Rajbhandari Nepali Congress [11] [12]
7 Dhankuta धनकुटा Prem Prakash Upreti Tanka Bahadur Chuwan Nepal Communist Party [13] [14]
8 Tehrathum तेर्हथुम Shiva Prasad Dhungana Nepal Communist Party [15]
9 Sankhuwasabha संखुवासभा Shivaraj Joshi Suman Shakya Nepal Communist Party [16] [17]
10 Bhojpur भोजपुर Phanindra Dahal Laxman Khadka Nepal Communist Party [18] [19]
11 Solukhumbu सोलुखुम्बु Shri Sunil Khanal Bir Kumar Rai Nepal Communist Party [20] [21]
12 Okhaldhunga ओखलढुङ्गा Janakraj Panta Jay Bahadur Shrestha Nepali Congress [22] [23]
13 Khotang खोटाङ Ekdeva Adhikari Babi Chamling Rai Nepal Communist Party [24] [25]
14 Udayapur उदयपुर Bishnu Kumar Karki Khadga Bahadur Pariyar Nepal Communist Party [26] [27]
15 Saptari सप्तरी Rudraprasad Pandit Prabhakar Yadav People's Socialist Party, Nepal [28] [29]
16 Siraha सिरहा Bhagirath Pandey Ram Chandra Thakur Nepal Communist Party [30] [31]
17 Dhanusa धनुषा Dilip Kumar Chapagai Ram Dev Banrait Yadav People's Socialist Party, Nepal [32] [33]
18 Mahottari महोत्तरी Baburam Shrestha Suresh Prasad Singh People's Socialist Party, Nepal [34] [35]
19 Sarlahi सर्लाही Krishna Bahadur Katuwal Methur Chaudhary People's Socialist Party, Nepal [36] [37]
20 Sindhuli सिन्धुली Janakraj Dahal Shankar Raj Tiwari (Verma) Nepal Communist Party [38] [39]
21 Ramechhap रामेछाप Dilip Prasad Lamichane Prem Bahadur Khadka Nepal Communist Party [40] [41]
22 Dolakha दोलखा Laxman Bikram Thapa Dabal Pandey Nepal Communist Party [42] [43]
23 Sindhupalchok सिन्धुपाल्चोक Gopal Tamang Nepal Communist Party [44]
24 Kavrepalanchowk काभ्रेपलाञ्चोक Shiv Prasad Shimkhada Uddhav K.C. Nepal Communist Party [45] [46]
25 Lalitpur ललितपुर Mahadeb Pantha Ambar Bahadur Khadka Nepali Congress [47] [48]
26 Bhaktapur भक्तपुर HumKala Pandey Nawaraj Gelal Nepal Communist Party [49] [50]
27 Kathmandu काठमाडौं Kedarnath Sharma Shiva Sundar Rajvaidya Nepal Communist Party [51] [52]
28 Nuwakot नुवाकोट Birendra Kumar Yadav Santa Man Tamang Nepali Congress [53] [54]
29 Rasuwa रसुवा Choumendra Nyopane Kul Prasad Bhattarai Nepal Communist Party [55] [56]
30 Dhading धादिङ Shyam Prasad Bhandari Jagannath Nepal Nepal Communist Party [57] [58]
31 Makwanpur मकवानपुर Chakra Bahadur Budha Raghunath Khulal Nepal Communist Party [59] [60]
32 Rautahat रौतहट Basu Dev Ghimire Ram Ekwal Rae Yadav Nepali Congress [61] [62]
33 Bara बारा Vijay Narayan Manandhar Nawal Kishor Singh Rajput People's Socialist Party, Nepal [63] [64]
34 Parsa पर्सा Vinod Prakash Singh Nek Mohammad Ansari Nepal Communist Party [65] [66]
35 Chitwan चितवन Narayan Prasad Bhatt Krishna Kumar Dallakoti Nepal Communist Party [67] [68]
36 Gorkha गोरखा Shri Jitendra Basnet Ashok Kumar Gurung Nepali Congress [69] [70]
37 Lamjung लमजुङ Yuvaraj Mainali Lok Raj Pandey Nepal Communist Party [71] [72]
38 Tanahun तनहुँ Bharat Kumar Sharma Shanti Raman Wagle Nepali Congress [73] [74]
39 Syangja स्याङ्जा Shri Mahesh Aacharya Sita Kumari Sundas Nepal Communist Party [75] [76]
40 Kaski कास्की Taranath Adhikari Baina Bahadur Chhetri (Adhikari) Nepal Communist Party [77] [78]
41 Manang मनाङ Hariprasad Panta Yagya Prasad Ghale Nepali Congress [79] [80]
42 Mustang मुस्ताङ Ramchandra Tiwari Chhiring Lhamu Gurung No overall control [81] [82]
43 Myagdi म्याग्दी Krishnaprasad Adhikari Devendra Bahadur Katuwal Chhetri No overall control [83] [84]
44 Parbat पर्वत Rajesh Panthi Manohar Bishwokarma (Paudel) Nepal Communist Party [85] [86]
45 Baglung बागलुङ Rajendra Dhungana Nepal Communist Party [87] [88]
46 Gulmi गुल्मी Shri Gopal Prasad Aryal Laxman Parajuli Nepal Communist Party [89] [90]
47 Palpa पाल्पा Bishnu Prasad Dhakal Daya Raj Basyal Nepal Communist Party [91] [92]
48 Nawalpur नवलपुर Udaya Bahadur Rana Magar Ches Ram Ale Magar Nepali Congress [93] [94]
49 Parasi परासी Shiva Shankar Prasad Rae Nepali Congress [95] [96]
50 Rupandehi रुपन्देही Hariprasad Mainali Ek Raj B.K. Nepal Communist Party [97] [98]
51 Kapilvastu कपिलवस्तु Madan Bhujel Narayan Prasad Khanal Nepali Congress [99] [100]
52 Arghakhanchi अर्घाखाँची BijayRaj Paudel Pitambar Sharma Nepali Congress [101] [102]
53 Pyuthan प्युठान Dr. Krishna Bahadur Ghimire Keshav Raj Acharya No overall control [103] [104]
54 Rolpa रोल्पा Ganj Bahadur MC Raj Bahadur Budha Nepal Communist Party [105] [106]
55 Eastern Rukum पूर्वी रुकुम Bhupendra Sapkota Gajendra Bahadur Oli Nepal Communist Party [107] [108]
56 Western Rukum पश्चिमी रुकुम Banshi Kumar Aacharya Raj Kumar Sharma Nepal Communist Party [109] [110]
57 Salyan सल्यान Paramananda Ghimire Kesh Bahadur Bista Nepal Communist Party [111] [112]
58 Dang दाङ Shri Gajendra Bahadur Shrestha Jitendra Man Nepali Nepal Communist Party [113] [114]
59 Banke बाँके Ramesh Kumar KC Ajay Kumar Shreewastav No overall control [115] [116]
60 Bardiya बर्दिया Shri PremLal Lamichhane Shankar Prasad Tharu Nepal Communist Party [117] [118]
61 Surkhet सुर्खेत Sitaram Karki Chhawi Lal Sigdel Nepali Congress [119] [120]
62 Dailekh दैलेख Shri Bishwaraj Nyoupane Prem Bahadur Thapa Nepal Communist Party [121] [122]
63 Jajarkot जाजरकोट Pushparaj Shahi Man Bahadur Rawal Nepali Congress [123] [124]
64 Dolpa डोल्पा Bhupendra Thapa Sher Bahadur Budha Nepal Communist Party [125] [126]
65 Jumla जुम्ला Bishnu Paudel Lal Bahadur Sarki Nepal Communist Party [127] [128]
66 Kalikot कालिकोट Chandranath Gautam Anipal Shahi Nepal Communist Party [129] [130]
67 Mugu मुगु Shri Umakanta Adhikari Purna Bahadur Rokaya Nepal Communist Party [131] [132]
68 Humla हुम्ला Madhab Prasad Dhungana Dan Bahadur Rawat Nepal Communist Party [133] [134]
69 Bajura बाजुरा Luk Bahadur Chetri Narendra Kumar Rokaya Nepali Congress [135] [136]
70 Bajhang बझाङ Prem Singh Kunwar Khadak Bahadur Khadka Nepal Communist Party [137] [138]
71 Achham अछाम Kishor Kumar Chaudhari Nar Bahadur Kunwar Nepali Congress [139] [140]
72 Doti डोटी Surya Bahadur Khatri Ram Bahadur Airee Nepal Communist Party [141] [142]
73 Kailali कैलाली Gobind Prasad Rijal Surya Bahadur Thapa Nepal Communist Party [143] [144]
74 Kanchanpur कञ्चनपुर Ram Prasad Pandey Fairu Tamang Nepal Communist Party [145] [146]
75 Dadeldhura डडेल्धुरा Janakraj Bhatt Ganesh Raj Bhatta Nepali Congress [147] [148]
76 Baitadi बैतडी Siddha Raj Joshi Siddha Raj Bhatta Nepali Congress [149] [150]
77 Darchula दार्चुला Janardan Gautam Karbir Singh Karki Nepali Congress [151] [152]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Part-17 Local Executive – Nepal Law Commission". Retrieved 2020-12-10.
  2. ^ "Local Administration Act" (PDF). www.nepalpolicynet.com. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  3. ^ "जिल्ला प्रशासन कार्यालय, काठमाण्डौ". www.daokathmandu.moha.gov.np. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  4. ^ "गृह मन्त्रालय अन्तर्गतका कार्यालयहरुको विस्तृत जानकारी". www.moha.gov.np. Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Local Administration Act" (PDF). www.nepalpolicynet.com. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Factsheet on Electoral Provisions in Nepal's New Constitution" (PDF). www.ifes.com. International Foundation for Electoral Systems. 18 February 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Constitution of Nepal 2015" (PDF). www.constituteproject.org. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Confusion surrounds coordination committee formation in split districts". Kathmandu Post. Kantipur Media Group. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  9. ^ "District discourse: DCCs' role in changed context". www.thehimalanyatimes.com. The Himalayan Times. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  10. ^ "New local bodies operational in Province 1". thehimalayantimes.com. March 16, 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
  11. ^ Rastriya Samachar Samiti (March 29, 2017). "Jumla locals pleased with new local set up". thehimalayantimes.com. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
  12. ^ "Official websites of District Coordination Committees | Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development". mofald.gov.np. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
  13. ^ Samata, Sapkota. "जिविसहरुको सम्पर्क विवरण | सङ्घीय मामिला तथा स्थानीय विकास मन्त्रालय". mofald.gov.np (in Nepali). Retrieved 2017-07-07.
  14. ^ "Constitute". www.constituteproject.org. Retrieved 2017-07-07.

External linksEdit