According to text in the Sendai Kuji Hongi (Kujiki), there was an area called Chichibu Province during the reign of Emperor Sujin. Since ancient times, Chichibu-jinja has been the main Shinto shrine in the area.
- Enbutsu, Sumiko. (1990). Chichibu: Japan's hidden treasure, p. 13.
- "Chichibu Shrine" at Sainokuni-kanko.jp Archived 2013-09-19 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2013-1-26.
- Harold Bolitho. (2003). "Tokugawa Japan's Tourist Revolution," Treasures of the Yenching: Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Harvard-Yenching Library, p. 40.