Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue, 1st Baron Carlingford

Chichester Samuel Parkinson-Fortescue, 2nd Baron Clermont and 1st Baron Carlingford KP PC (18 January 1823 – 30 January 1898), known as Chichester Fortescue until 1863 and as Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue between 1863 and 1874 and Lord Carlingford after 1874, was a British Liberal politician of the 19th century.

The Lord Carlingford
Lord President of the Council
In office
19 March 1883 – 24 June 1885
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byThe Earl Spencer
Succeeded byThe Viscount Cranbrook
President of the Board of Trade
In office
14 January 1871 – 17 February 1874
Prime MinisterWilliam Ewart Gladstone
Preceded byJohn Bright
Succeeded bySir Charles Adderley
Personal details
Born(1823-01-18)18 January 1823
Glyde, County Louth
Died30 January 1898(1898-01-30) (aged 75)
Marseille, France
Political partyLiberal later Liberal Unionist
Spouse(s)Frances Braham
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Background and education


Born Chichester Fortescue, Carlingford was the son of Chichester Fortescue (died 1826), Member of Parliament for Hillsborough in the Irish Parliament. He came of an old Anglo-Irish family settled in Ireland since the days of Sir Faithful Fortescue (1581–1666), whose uncle, The 1st Baron Chichester, was Lord Deputy. The history of the family was written by his elder brother, Thomas Fortescue, who in 1852 was created Baron Clermont. His mother was Martha Angel, daughter of Samuel Meade Hobson. The future Lord Carlingford was educated at Christ Church, Oxford, where he took a first in Classics (1844) and won the chancellor's English essay (1846).[1] In 1863, he assumed by Royal Licence the additional surname of Parkinson as heir to his aunt's husband, William Parkinson Ruxton.

Political career


In 1847, the then Chichester Fortescue was elected to Parliament for Louth as a Liberal. He became a junior Lord of the Treasury in 1854 under Lord Palmerston, a post he held until 1855, and was later Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies under Palmerston between 1857 and 1858 and 1859 and 1865. He was admitted to the Imperial Privy Council in 1864 and the following year he was made Chief Secretary for Ireland under Lord Russell, a post which he again occupied under William Ewart Gladstone from 1868 to 1871 (this time with a seat in the Cabinet). In 1866, he was also admitted to the Irish Privy Council. He was then President of the Board of Trade between 1871 and 1874. In the latter year he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Carlingford, of Carlingford in the County of Louth.[1]

Lord Carlingford later served under Gladstone as Lord Privy Seal between 1881 and 1885 and as Lord President of the Council between 1883 and 1885. In 1882, he was appointed a Knight of the Order of St Patrick. He parted from Gladstone on the question of Irish Home Rule, but in earlier years he was his active supporter on Irish questions.

Personal life

Lord Carlingford caricatured by Ape in Vanity Fair, 1869

Lord Carlingford married Frances Elizabeth Anne, Countess Waldegrave, daughter of John Braham, in 1863. She had been married three times before, the second time to The 7th Earl Waldegrave. There were no children from the marriage. Carlingford's influence in society was due largely to her. She died in July 1879, aged 58.[1]

In 1887, Carlingford's brother, Lord Clermont, died, and Carlingford inherited his peerage according to a special remainder, after which he was known as Lord Carlingford and Clermont.[2]

He died at Marseille, France, in January 1898, aged 75. Both his titles became extinct on his death for lack of heirs as his marriage had produced no children.[1]


Coat of arms of Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue, 1st Baron Carlingford
Granted 9 November 1861 by Sir John Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms[3]
1st an heraldic tiger Proper supporting with his forepaw a plain shield Argent charged on the shoulder with a crescent Sable for difference (Fortescue) 2nd a falcon wings addorsed Proper belled Or and charged on the breast with a pellet in the beak an ostrich feathers Argent (Parkinson) on an escroll the motto (Si Celeres Quatit Pennas).
Quarterly 1st & 4th Azure a bend engrailed Argent cotised Or a crescent for difference (Fortescue) 2nd & 3rd per chevron Gules and Azure on a chevron engrailed Argent between three ostrich feathers erect of the third as many pellets (Parkinson).
Same as Lord Clermont, duly differenced.[4]
Forte Scutum Salus Ducum (English, "A strong shield is the safeguard of our leaders")


  1. ^ a b c d Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ Historical Register of the University of Oxford: With an Alphabetical Record of University Honours and Distinctions Conferred to the End of Trinity Term, 1888 (Clarendon Press, 1888), p. 142
  3. ^ "Grants and Confirmations of Arms, Vol. F, 1853-1862". National Library of Ireland. p. 222. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  4. ^ Burke's Peerage and Baronetage. 1886. p. 241.



Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for County Louth
With: Richard Bellew to 1852
Tristram Kennedy 1852–1857
John McClintock 1857–1859
Richard Montesquieu Bellew 1859–1865
Tristram Kennedy 1865–1868
Matthew O'Reilly Dease 1868–1874
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1857 – 1858
Succeeded by
Preceded by Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1859 – 1865
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Secretary for Ireland
1865 – 1866
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Secretary for Ireland
1868 – 1871
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of the Board of Trade
1871 – 1874
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Privy Seal
1881 – 1885
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord President of the Council
1883 – 1885
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Essex
1873 – 1892
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New title Baron Carlingford
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by Baron Clermont