Chicago Yacht Club Race to Mackinac
The Chicago Yacht Club Race to Mackinac is a 333-mile (289 nmi; 536 km) annual yacht race starting in Lake Michigan off Chicago, Illinois, and ending in Lake Huron off Mackinac Island, Michigan. It is hosted and managed by the Chicago Yacht Club. The "Mac" (as it is known) was first run in 1898 and is the oldest annual freshwater distance race in the world. The race hosts several hundred competitors each year and over 3,000 sailors.
Mackinac Island Harbor on June 29, 2009, at the end of the race.
|Organizer||Chicago Yacht Club|
|Finish||Mackinac Island, Michigan|
|Length||333 mi (289 nmi; 536 km)|
The race starts at the Chicago Harbor Lighthouse just off Navy Pier, crosses Lake Michigan, barely enters Lake Huron, and finishes in the Round Island Channel, off Mackinac Island, Michigan. The race course runs 333 mi (536 km). In 2011, 361 boats entered the race. Steve Fossett set the overall race record, 18 hours, 50 minutes, in 1998 with the multihull yacht, Stars and Stripes. Roy E. Disney set the monohull record, 23 hours, 30 minutes, in Pyewacket in 2002.
Starting in 1898 with a mere five boats, The Mac has evolved into a world-class sporting event. After the first race in 1898, the Race to Mackinac was not held for five years until the second race in 1904. By 1906, the race had developed a healthy following and, in that year, the original Mackinac trophy was purchased. The race has seen occasional sustained violent weather in the blows of 1911, 1937 and 1970. After gale-force winds took down most of the fleet in the Mac of 1911, the finish in the 1912 and 1913 races was changed to Harbor Springs on Little Traverse Bay instead of Mackinac Island. Race organizers felt the shorter distance was safer. From 1914 until 1916 the Mac was back to its full distance until WWI. From 1917-1920 there were no Mac races due to the strains of the War, which took away yachtsmen and put many boats out of commission. Since 1921, the Race to Mackinac has run consecutively every year, remains the longest annual freshwater distance race, and is recognized as one of the most prestigious sailing races in the world.
Today, sailors from Maine to California make this race an invariable part of their summer. Moreover, each year the Mac hosts sailors from as far off as Hong Kong, New Zealand and Australia. Although the Mac remains primarily an amateur event, this race has a proven track record of attracting some of the finest sailing talent in the sport. The monohull record of 23 hours, 30 minutes, and 34 seconds set by Roy E. Disney's Pyewacket in 2002, and Steve Fossett on Stars and Stripes set the multihull record of 18 hours, 50 minutes, and 32 seconds in 1998. Both records still stand today. The unpredictable weather and fickle winds on Lake Michigan make the Race to Mackinac a supreme test, which many competitors feel rivals any ocean race. As one veteran sailor put it, "It's fun, but it's serious fun."
2008 marked the 110th anniversary of the first race, and the 100th time sailors raced 333 miles from Chicago to Mackinac Island. Although there have been changes to the race over the years, the basic elements of this venerable contest have remained unchanged for over 100 years. Stripped down to its essence, The Mac, like all sailboat racing, is still primarily a test of strength, endurance, strategy and willpower. And let's not forget the dearest friend (and most menacing foe) of all sailors—the wind."
The Chicago Yacht Club Race to Mackinac Race is often confused with the Port Huron to Mackinac Boat Race. They were held on the same weekend until 1939, when both clubs agreed to alternate the date of their Mackinac races, scheduling them a week apart.
The 104th running of the Race began on July 21, 2012. 320 boats were entered in the race. All boats completed the race. The Mackinac Trophy was won by Providence, owned by Greg & Jerry Miarecki representing the Chicago Yacht Club. The Mackinac Cup was won by Tom & Joe Londrigan's Realt Na Mara. George & Scott Petriz won the Double Handed division in TFWB Relentless. Lori & Jonathan Alvord won the multihull division in Triceratops. The Chicago Yacht Club's Ron White won the Martin D. Rieck Trophy for the first multihull to finish in Cheeke Monkey. The Royono Trophy, given for the first monohull to finish, was won by Peter Thornton's Il Mostro, representing the Chicago Yacht Club. In the Cruising division, Intuition, owned by Tom Kershner, Mark Gillespie, Chris Hynes, Bill Burns and Jenn Macainag from Madison, Wis, won the 42 boat division. Infinite Diversion, a Hanse 630e owned by Chicago Yacht Club Commodore Joe Haas, was first to finish in the Cruising Division.
Two sailors died in the 2011 race when WingNuts, a high performance keeled Sportsboat Kiwi 35, (berthed in Saginaw, Michigan) capsized and turtled in 75 mile per hour winds. These were the first race-related fatalities in the history of the race. Later inquiry said that the boat — specifically its high performance low displacement hull — was unfit for the location, weather and the race, and urged race officials to change ratings and revoke privileges to enter the race. Later inquiry said that the boat — specifically its high performance extremely wide low displacement hull — was unfit for the location, weather and the multiday and lengthy race, and urged race officials to change ratings and revoke privileges to enter the race. [A] The waves were not all that unusual, although the wind was. The boat may have buried one of its hiking wings into a wave, causing it to 'trip,' and had the other lifted by the wind. It is rare but not unheard of for keelboats to turtle and remain upside down, particularly if it has not lost its keel. However, this boat's unique hull form, which made it very fast, also rendered it more stable upside down than right side up. This was a recipe for the disaster. This loss was occasioned despite a competent and experienced crew which was as well equipped and prepared as thought to be necessary. WingNuts met then current offshore stability standards, which failed to adequately take into account the effect of the "radical" winged hull. [B]
In the 110th running of the race on July 21, 2018, Jon Santarelli, a 53-year-old sailor aboard the Transpac 52 sailing vessel Imedi slipped overboard during a wave strike approximately 5 nautical miles (5.8 mi; 9.3 km) beyond the start line. After a nearly seven-hour search by approximately 20 boats and three helicopters from the US Coast Guard, Chicago Fire, Chicago Police, Chicago Yacht Club, and competing vessels covering nearly 47 square miles, the search was suspended, and Santarelli was presumed lost. On the afternoon of July 28, 2018 - nearly a week after the original incident - his body was recovered by a Chicago Police Marine Unit approximately 6 miles (5.2 nmi; 9.7 km) offshore from Belmont Harbor and identified by the Cook County Medical Examiner's Office as Santarelli.
The Race to Mackinac is organized and managed by the Mac Committee, a group of active Chicago Yacht Club member-volunteers. The committee represents the club as the Race Organizing Authority and is led by the chairman. The committee planning process is 12 months long and accounts for thousands of volunteer hours.
The first Mackinac Chairman was Mark H. Baxter (1972-73 & 1977-78). Since then there have been over twenty individuals who have led this venerable race. The Mackinac chairpersons have included some notables: At the age of 36, the youngest chairman ever to serve was Gregory J. Miarecki (2008–09), who coincidentally chaired the 100th running of the venerable race in 2008 along with Honorary Chair Roy E. Disney. The first "chairwoman" was Ms. Ann Moorman (1994–95). The first Hispanic to be appointed chairman was Louis Sandoval (2012–13). Two individuals who have served as chair have gone on to become Commodore of Chicago Yacht Club- Gregory J. Miarecki (2015-2016) and Louis Sandoval (2019- ).[C]
Advances in Race TechnologyEdit
The Race to Mackinac has led in the use of technology in distance racing. In 2004, they debuted race tracking systems on select boats in the fleet. By 2006, with advances in technology and smaller sized components, trackers and race tracking interface using GPS transceivers became standard on each boat. Today, each boat is equipped with small palm sized messenger/trackers that allow two-way communication of each boat's position on the race course and limited messaging capabilities.
Sailors who have completed 25 of these annual races are called "Island Goats". In 1959, the Island Goats Sailing Society was formed with 10 of these sailors to perpetuate and commemorate the Chicago to Mackinac Race, along with its legends and lore. By 2008, the society had grown to 270 members in good standing.
- On the other hand, one meteorologist suggested:
Thornton, Mark A. (August 2011). "2011 Chicago-Mackinac Race: A Meteorological Summary". Retrieved 6 December 2013.
"Veteran Chicago-Mac racers have encountered similar conditions during previous races and understand that coping with severe weather is part of the challenge. Skippers must prepare their boats, train their crew, maintain a watchful eye for approaching storms and "the dearest friend (and most menacing foe) of all sailors -- the wind."
- "On paper, WingNuts met all stability requirements for the Chicago-Mac race. The race required that all boats have an Offshore Racing Rule (ORR) handicap measurement certificate, a document that includes two measures of stability: Limit of Positive Stability (LPS) and the Stability Index (SI). However, after the accident, the US Sailing panel found that the ORR formulas did not adequately penalize the Kiwi 35’s extreme flare, the difference between the waterline beam and the maximum beam. When the panel eliminated a fixed lower limit for the “capsize increment” — one of the factors used in the calculating stability index — WingNuts’ index of 100.7 plummeted to 74.4. No other boat in the race had the same drastic reduction in its stability index when the same math was applied. In addition, the panel noted that the Right Arm Curve (GZ Curve)—a graphic representation of the boat’s stability—revealed WingNuts to be just as stable inverted as it was right side up, sharply reducing any chance of recovery from a full capsize." "PS Analysis: The 2011 WingNuts Capsize Practical Sailor". Practical Sailor. April 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- The committee has also taken the promotion of offshore sailboat racing to new heights. Their first introduction of social media began in 2008 with Facebook and Twitter with the goal of bringing the sport of sailing to fans following on land. Today, over 8900 fans follow the race via Facebook and podcast- the most of any off-shore distance sailboat race in the world.
- Historical Overview-Race to Mackinac extracted from Race Website
- "Race to Mackinac". Chicago Yacht Club. 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2011-05-29.
- "And the 2012 Race to Mackinac Winners are..." Press Release. Chicago Yacht Club. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Sharp, Eric (21 July 2011). "Kiwi 35 'probably as stable upside down as she was upright'". Detroit Free Press. SailWorld.com. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013. including a picture of the turtled WingNuts
- Karoub, Jeffrey (July 17, 2011). "2 die after boat capsizes in Chicago-Mackinac race". Detroit, Michigan: Associated Press. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
- "Video Captures Boat Race Tragedy" (Video). WWJ-TV CBS. July 20, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Landry, Chris (31 January 2012). "Boat in fatal capsize was 'inappropriate' for race". Soundings. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "PS Analysis: The 2011 WingNuts Capsize Practical Sailor". Practical Sailor. April 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Rousmaniere, John (13 September 2012). "Sailing Accidents: Lessons Learned". Sail. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- Keilman, John (30 October 2011). "Report: Boat in deadly accident unfit for Mackinac race — Craft that capsized called too unstable for long competition in area prone to severe weather". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- Hawley, Chuck; Rousmaniere, John; Naranjo, Ralph; McCurdy, Shiela (18 October 2011). "Inquiry Into the Chicago yacht Club-Race to Mackinac Capsize and Fatalities". US Sailing. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 November 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- Engel, Justin (January 21, 2019). "A survivor's story: Crew member recalls storm that capsized Saginaw boat WingNuts, killing two". Mlive. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Pathieu, Diane (23 July 2018). "Sailor who fell overboard remains missing as Race to Mackinac comes to an end". WLS-TV. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- "Search Suspended for Man Overboard in Chicago Yacht Club Race to Mackinac". Chicago Yacht Club Race to Mackinac. 21 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- "Chicago Yacht Club Statement on Recovery of Jon Santarelli". Chicago Yacht Club Race to Mackinac. 28 July 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
- Issa, Nader (28 July 2018). "Sailor's body found in Lake Michigan a week after going overboard in Race to Mackinac". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
- Cauguiran, Cate (28 July 2018). "Body found in Lake Michigan identified as missing sailor Jon Santarelli". WLS-TV. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
- History of the Mackinac Committee. Retrieved November 12, 2013
- "Roster of Island Goats". Island Goats Sailing Society. 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
- Chicago Yacht Club - Race to Mackinac
- Island Goats Sailing Society website
- Video Documentary of 100th Running of Chicago Mackinac Race
- Thornton, Mark A. (August 2011). "2011 Chicago-Mackinac Race: A Meteorological Summary". Retrieved December 6, 2013.
- moosetree87 (July 21, 2011). "2011 Race to Mackinac: Storm Footage July 18, 2011" (video). Retrieved December 7, 2013.