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Chicago, Illinois
Chicago Pride Parade 2016 on Halsted St.

"Video coverage of the 2007 Chicago Gay Pride Parade."
The Chicago Pride Parade 2006, on Halsted Street at Brompton Avenue.
Rainbow flags decorate Lake View East in anticipation of the Chicago Pride Parade.
A Human Rights Campaign float moves past spectators.

The Chicago Pride Parade, also colloquially (and formerly) called the Chicago Gay Pride Parade or PRIDE Chicago, is the annual pride parade held on the last Sunday of June in Chicago, Illinois in the United States. It is considered the culmination of the larger Gay and Lesbian Pride Month, as promulgated by the Chicago City Council and Mayor of Chicago. Chicago's Pride Parade is one of the largest, by attendance, in the world. This event is taken place outside and celebrates Equal Rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people.

Contents

BackgroundEdit

 
Chicago Gay Pride Parade 2018

The first parade was organized on Saturday, June 27, 1970, as a march[1] from Washington Square Park ("Bughouse Square") to the Water Tower, but then many of the participants spontaneously marched on to the Civic Center (now Richard J. Daley) Plaza.[2] For many years, the parade was held only in Lake View East, a neighborhood enclave of the Lakeview community area. Recent parades have expanded their outreach (and ability to handle crowds) by extending the route into the Uptown neighborhood, beginning at the corner of Broadway and Montrose. The parade then proceeds south on Broadway to Halsted, continues south on Halsted to Belmont, then east on Belmont to Broadway and finally south again on Broadway to Cannon Drive and Lincoln Park.

With the increasing political participation of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender Americans and the community's relatively high financial resources through political action groups and as individual donors, Illinois politicians have increased their presence at the Chicago Pride Parade. Both the Illinois Democratic and Republican parties have been heavily represented, most noticeably by former Governor Rod Blagojevich, a Democrat, and former Treasurer Judy Baar Topinka, a Republican. Both had strong support from many gay and lesbian voters.

On June 28, 2009, more than 500,000 spectators watched the 40th annual Chicago Pride Parade. Among the entries were several marching bands, dance troupes, twirlers, and many political figures. The 2010 parade featured an appearance from the Chicago Blackhawks' Brent Sopel and the Stanley Cup[3] as part of the Chicago Gay Hockey Association's float. Sopel appeared in the parade to honor Brendan Burke, the gay son of the Maple Leafs' GM Brian Burke. The 2011 parade included 250 entries and was attended by over 800,000 spectators, almost double the previous year, causing massive overcrowding and resulted in a reorganization of the parade route for the 2012 parade.

Annual parade detailsEdit

Chicago Pride Parade details, by year
Edition Date Theme Attendance Grand Marshal Ref(s).
1st June 28, 1970 150–200 [4]
2nd June 27, 1971 1,000 [4]
3rd June 25, 1972
4th June 24, 1973
5th June 30, 1974
6th June 29, 1975
7th June 27, 1976
8th June 26, 1977 3,000 [4]
9th June 25, 1978 10,000
10th June 24, 1979
11th June 29, 1980 10,000
12th June 28, 1981
13th June 27, 1982 30,000 [4]
14th June 26, 1983
15th June 24, 1984
16th June 30, 1985 35,000
17th June 29, 1986 40,000
18th June 28, 1987
19th June 26, 1988
20th June 25, 1989 Mayor Daley (first sitting Chicago Mayor to lead the Chicago parade) [5]
21st June 24, 1990 100,000 [4]
22nd June 30, 1991 100,000+
23rd June 28, 1992 115,000
24th June 27, 1993 140,000
25th June 5, 1994 160,000 [4]
26th June 25, 1995 175,000
27th June 30, 1996 150,000
28th June 29, 1997 200,000
29th June 28, 1998 200,000+
30th June 27, 1999 250,000
31st June 25, 2000 350,000
32nd June 24, 2001 350,000
33rd June 30, 2002 350,000
34th June 29, 2003 375,000 Billy Bean [6]
35th June 27, 2004 375,000 Esera Tuaolo [7]
36th June 26, 2005 450,000 Wilson Cruz [8]
37th June 25, 2006 400,000 George Takei [9]
38th June 24, 2007 450,000 John Amaechi [10]
39th June 29, 2008 "Live, Love, Be Proud" 450,000 Eric Alva [11]
40th June 28, 2009 "Stonewall: 40 Years After 500,000 Alexandra Billings
41st June 27, 2010 "One heart, One world, one pride 450,000 Chely Wright [12][13]
42nd June 26, 2011 750,000 Fernanda Rocha [14]
43rd June 24, 2012 850,000 Evan Wolfson of Freedom to Marry [15]
44th June 30, 2013 1,000,000 Wade Davis [16][17]
45th June 29, 2014 1,000,000+ Will Sheridan [18]
46th June 28, 2015 1,000,000+ Ty Herndon [19]
47th June 26, 2016 1,000,000+ Monica Raymund [20]
48th June 25, 2017 1,000,000+ Lea Delaria [21]
49th June 24, 2018 1,000,000+ Orlando Cruz [22][23]
50th June 30, 2019 "Stonewall 50: Millions of Moments of Pride" Grand Marshal Lori Lightfoot; Youth Grand Marshal Molly Pinta; Legacy Grand Marshals Joel Hall, Jim Flint, Marge Summit [24]

The first year, the parade route ran down from Bughouse Square, down Dearborn to Chicago Avenue, east to the Water Tower, then south on Michigan Avenue to the Civic Center (now Daley Plaza). The next year, it ran from Diversey Harbor, went west to Clark Street, then south to the Free Forum at LaSalle Street. For the eighth year, the parade started at Halsted and Addison, went east to Broadway, south to Clark, then south on Clark to Fullerton, east on Fullerton to Stockton Drive, and finally south on Stockton to the Lincoln Park Free Forum.

As the Chicago Pride Parade is held on the last Sunday in June (except for in 1994), weather for the event is usually warm and dry. The average high temperature at O'Hare airport for parade day since 1970 is 83 degrees and the average low is 61 degrees,[citation needed] and 22% of parade days have seen measurable precipitation. The warmest pride parade was 99 degrees in 1983.[citation needed] The wettest was in 1978 when 0.92 inches of rain fell.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gay Liberation Stages March to Civic Center". Chicago Tribune. June 28, 1970. p. A3. Retrieved June 9, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "Outspoken: Chicago's Free Speech Tradition". Newberry Library. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
  3. ^ Littke, Jim (June 25, 2010). "Sports' Most Macho Trophy Shows New Kind of Pride". National Hockey League. Associated Press. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f de la Croix, Sukie (November 26, 2009). "Gay Power: A History of Chicago Pride". Chicago Free Press. Archived from the original on December 8, 2009.
  5. ^ Rotenberk, Lori (June 26, 1989). "Daley is first mayor to lead gays' parade". Chicago Sun-Times.[page needed]
  6. ^ Baim, Tracy (July 2, 2003). "375,000+ at 2003 Pride Parade". Windy City Times.
  7. ^ Wayne, Kevin (June 28, 2004). "Gay Chicago Celebrates Pride". ChicagoPride.com. Archived from the original on June 16, 2007.
  8. ^ Wayne, Kevin (June 27, 2005). "Chicago Celebrates 36th Annual Gay Pride Parade". ChicagoPride.com. Archived from the original on June 29, 2006.
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ [2][dead link]
  11. ^ [3][dead link]
  12. ^ [4][dead link]
  13. ^ "Chicago Annual Pride Parade". PRIDEChicago. 2010. Archived from the original on July 5, 2010.
  14. ^ "Pride Parade 2011". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011.
  15. ^ Hinkel, Dan (June 24, 2012). "Expanded Pride Parade Draws Record Number". Chicago Tribune.
  16. ^ Toner, Casey. "1 Million Celebrate at Pride Parade". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2015.
  17. ^ "Chicago's 44th Annual Gay Pride Parade (6/30/13)". ChicagoPride.com. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013.
  18. ^ Bauer, Kelly & Parker, Alex (June 29, 2014). "Pride Parade 2014: 'You're Not Just a Second-Class Citizen'". DNAinfo. Archived from the original on June 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Estimated 1 Million People Attend Chicago Pride Parade on City's North Side". ABC7 Chicago. Chicago: WLS-TV. June 29, 2015.
  20. ^ Berman, Melissa (June 27, 2016). "Chicago Pride Parade Draws an Estimated 1 Million People". Chicago: WGN-TV.
  21. ^ Cauguiran, Cate (June 26, 2017). "48th Annual Chicago Pride Parade Held on North Side". ABC7 Chicago. Chicago: WLS-TV.
  22. ^ "Grand Marshal announced for Chicago's 49th Pride Parade". Go Pride. May 18, 2018.
  23. ^ Ross, Jeremy (June 24, 2018). "Big Crowds Packed Chicago Pride Parade". CBS Chicago. Chicago: WBBM-TV.
  24. ^ GoPride.com News Staff. "Lightfoot Named Honorary Grand Marshal of 2019 Chicago Pride Parade". ChicagoPride.com. Retrieved May 29, 2019.

External linksEdit