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Chhachhrauli is a tehsil and Gram Panchayat town consisting of 20 wards in Yamuna Nagar district in the state of Haryana, India. It is 11 km north-east of Jagadhari. Chachhraulli is often known as "Cherapunjii of Haryana" as it receives the greatest amount of rain in the whole of Haryana and Punjab. (The average for Haryana is 450mm in monsoon and Chachhraulli receives 1100 mm.) It was a municipal committee until 1998. Before independence in 1947, it was the capital of the princely state of Kalsia. The origin of word Chhachhrauli is believed to be "Sat Sherawali" due to a temple located near bus terminus.
|Elevation||258 m (846 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-HR|
Chhachhrauli has two areas:
- Khadar is a low lying area near the banks of the Yamuna River. The population is predominantly Hindu Gujjars. It has fertile lands for agriculture, often struck by floods. Average rainfall is 1050 mm.
- Ghaad is a high elevated area near shivalik hills. The population is predominantly Muslim. Land here is sandy which is not fertile for agriculture . Weather here is extreme. Very hot in summers and very cold in winters . Average rainfall is about 1200 mm. Highest in Haryana , due to Shiwalik hills
Chhachhrauli is very near to the boundaries of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal and Uttarakhand. It is surrounded by the historical Gurudwara Of Paonta Shahib, mythical Kapal Mochan (Bilaspur) and the well-known Panchmukhi Hanuman Temple. It is believed that the five Pandava brothers worshiped for some time after having won the Kurukshetra battle in Mahabharata.
Chhachhrauli has a big grain market (Anaj Mandi) where farmers from the surrounding areas bring their agricultural produce for ale. It is the hub of many villages like Singhpura, Sherpur, Chuharpur Khurd, Urjani, Yaqub Pur, Dasaura, Harauli and Pipli Majra. On the Chhachhrauli - Paunta Sahib road, Balachor, Panjeto, Mukarib Pur, Manakpur on the Chhachhrauli-Jagadhari road, Ganauli, Ganaula, Chholi Basatiyavala on the Chhachhrauli- Bilaspur road.
Nearby attractions are:
- Shivalik Fossil Park
- Adi Badri (Haryana) at Somb river which is stretch of Sarasvati river emerging out of Shivalik hills, has Sarasvati kund and Adi Badri Museum to the west of Somb river, Adi Badri temple inside the bend of Somb river to the west, Badrinath temple to the south and east of the bend of Somb river, Mantra Devi temple to the east of Somb river, Adi Badri Buddhist stupa near Rampur Gainda village
- Kalesar National Park
- Dadupur barrage at the confluence of Western Yamuna Canal, Somb river and Boli river
- Tajewala Barrage to divert Yamuna river into Western Yamuna Canal
- Hathnikund Barrage is newer barrage to replace the Tajewal Barrage
- Kapal Mochan near Bilaspur, Haryana is a Hindu pilgrimage site that also houses historic Gurdwara Kapal Mochan that was visited by Guru Nanak
Chhachhrauli was earlier the capital of Kalsia State created by Jat king Gurbaksh Singh in 1763, and had two Tehsils outside Chhachhrauli, namely Dera Basi (near Chandigarh) and Kalsia (near Amritsar). Kalsia State was one of the eight states in Punjab which formed PEPSU after Independence in 1947. Later, it was merged with Punjab and, in 1966, with Haryana.
Chhachhrauli Fort was built by the Raja of the erstwhile Kalsia state. The fort here earlier housed the state departments, including the state treasury and Tosh-i-Khana, and with a Dewan-Khana for official meetings, darbars and functions of the Raja Kalsia. It still has a clock tower occupying a prominent place in the fort area. The fort also houses "Ravi Mahal" and "Janak Niwas". The fort is in ruins.
Government Senior Secondary School, which was upgraded from high school. During the earlier period of its history it was called M.K.High School (Meredith Kalsia High School) named after the Senior British Official of Ambala District during the British period who was invited to lay the foundation stone of the building of the School in 1912. The school was opened by Lt. Col. G.M.Dallas, I.A.C.S.I, Commissioner and Pol. Agent on 21 December 1915. The school has celebrated its 100th anniversary on 21 December 2015.
The Haryana State Government started a Government College a few years ago[when?] and the college now has its own new building. The classes are being held in this new building for the past few years. Chhachhrauli also has a separate Government Senior Secondary School for Girls which functions from within the premises of the Diwan-Khana situated in the Fort of the erstwhile Kalsia State. These educational facilities are being found most useful not only by the local population but also by the large rural population surrounding the town.
As of 2001[update] India census, Chhachhrauli had a population of 9720. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chhachhrauli has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 65%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- Yamunanagar History, Gazetteer of Haryana: Yamunanagar.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.