Cheswardine is a rural village and civil parish in north east Shropshire, England. The village lies close to the border with Staffordshire and is about 8 miles north of Newport and 5 miles south east of Market Drayton. At the 2001 Census, the parish (which also includes the villages of Chipnall and Soudley as well as several small hamlets such as Goldstone and Ellerton), had a population of 991 people, increasing to 1,076 at the 2011 Census.
Cheswardine, High Street
|Population||1,076 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||MARKET DRAYTON|
History and architectureEdit
The name Cheswardine, recorded in 1086 as Ciseworde, in 1189 as Chesewordin and about 1650 as Cheswardyne,[circular reference] is probably derived from the Old English for "cheese-producing settlement".
Cheswardine was mentioned in the Domesday book, when the manor was held by Robert of Stafford, but is probably a much older settlement, with the church likely being built on an ancient fortified site.
Land 130 metres (430 ft) north of the church was granted to Hamon le Strange in 1155 and a manor house surrounded by a moat built soon after. The manor were rebuilt as a small castle between 1250 and 1350. Ownership passed to the Earl of Arundel and Surrey in 1376. The moat, earthworks and some buried ruins remain and Cheswardine Castle was scheduled as a historical monument in 1976.
The parish church, dedicated to St Swithun, overlooks Cheswardine from the hill at the top of the village. This is at least the third church on this site, and was rebuilt in 1887 - 1889 under the direction of the esteemed architect John Loughborough Pearson, who died before the work was completed. The work was completed with the assistance of funding by the then squire of the Cheswardine Estate, Charles Donaldson-Hudson, who evidently provided half of the estimated cost of £8,500.
Local amenities include a primary school, St Swithun's Church, as well as two village pubs, the Red Lion, and the Fox and Hounds, which serves food. There is also a Parish hall, bowling green and playing fields. However, the local post office was closed down in 2006 and turned into a residential building. A new community village shop (believed to be the smallest shop in Britain) opened in its place in 2010.
People and awardsEdit
Conservative MP and former minister Sir Peter Bottomley was baptised at St Swithun's Church, where his parents had married, his mother being a member of the Vardon family of Goldstone Hall. The ashes of his father (Sir James Bottomley), mother, brother and grandparents are buried in the churchyard.
The village has been runner up in Britain in Bloom several times.
- "2001 Census: Cheswardine". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 23 November 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Shropshire. State 5". Wenceslas Hollar. Retrieved 1 February 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Gelling and Foxall, The place-names of Shropshire, Volume 1, EPNS, 1990, p.78
- Raven, M. A Guide to Shropshire, 2005, p.46
- "Cheswardine Castle". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 23 November 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Devoted couple buried side by side. Village link went back for 70 years". Shropshire Star. 12 July 2013. p. 43.
- "Honours for Shropshire people". BBC News. 2003. Retrieved 30 May 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- The Manor of Cheswardine
- St Edward's College, Cheswardine Hall (Former juniorate of La Mennais brothers)
Media related to Cheswardine at Wikimedia Commons