Chester Hjortur Thordarson (May 12, 1867 – January 6, 1945) — born Hjörtur Þórðarson — was an Icelandic-American inventor and manufacturer of electrical apparatus who eventually held nearly a hundred technology patents related to transformers, inductors, high voltage coils, and more.
Chester H. Thordarson
|Died||6 January 1945 (aged 77)|
|Resting place||Rock Island, Wisconsin|
|Education||dropped out of 7th grade at age 20|
high-voltage, high-frequency power experiments, transformer design, transformer manufacturing
|Significant design||Power grid, electrical transformer|
Thordarson immigrated to the United States from Iceland in 1873 with his parents Gudrun Grimsdotter and Thordur Arnason. In 1887, Thordarson took a job in Chicago, Illinois working for Chicago Edison Co. In 1895, he founded the Thordarson Electric Manufacturing Company, a manufacturing company in Chicago that produced industrial and commercial transformers. Thordarson's company is now called Thordarson Meissner, Inc. and has locations in Mount Carmel, Illinois, and Henderson, Nevada.
He was instrumental in the development of the modern energy transmission grid with his work in transformers. He achieved his first distinction at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, where for the Purdue University exhibit he designed and built the first million-volt transformer. For his efforts he won the fair's gold medal.
In 1910, Thordarson began purchasing property on Rock Island, an island off the tip Wisconsin's Door Peninsula. Thordarson established a private vacation retreat on Rock Island. He was intensely interested in preserving the island’s natural beauty. In 1965 the state of Wisconsin purchased Rock Island from his heirs. Thordarson's former estate has been designated Rock Island State Park. His buildings, including the water tower, were added to the National Register of Historic Places as the Thordarson Estate Historic District during 1985.
Thordarson bequeathed his book collection to the University of Wisconsin. The Thordarson collection was estimated to be worth one million dollars in 1945 (equivalent to $14.2 million in 2019) and led to the establishment of the rare books room of the University of Wisconsin Memorial Library. Jen Christian Bay, a member of the Bibliographical Society of America, commented on the collection in 1929:
- "Of William Copland, The Craft of Grafting (1560), two copies are known, one in the Thordarson Collection"
- "Of the greatest [herbal] of all, the Hortus Sanitatis, Mr. Thordarson's copy of the edition of 1561 is a remarkably beautiful copy...."
- [Of the 1540 A Boke of the Proertyes of Herbes:] "This book is one of Mr. Thordarson's discoveries; no copy is known in any other library."
- [Of H. Baker's The Wellspring of Sciences:] "The British Museum seemingly possesses no copy with an earlier date than 1574. Mr Thordarson's copy [of 1564] seems unique."
Among his awards and honors, the University of Wisconsin and the University of Iceland conferred honorary doctorate degrees. He was awarded medals from the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in 1904 and the Panama–Pacific International Exposition in 1916. King Christian X of Denmark presented Thordarson with the Order of the Falcon in 1939.
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Thordarson died of heart failure in Chicago, Illinois on January 6, 1945.
- "Chester Thordarson & Rock Island". Washington Island Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- "Thordarson". Washington Island Heritage Conservancy Corp. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- "Celebrating 120 Years Of Global Technology". Thordarson Meisner Inc. Archived from the original on December 5, 2015. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2008-06-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Chester H. Thordarson". Friends of Rock Island State Park. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- "Chester Hjortur Thordarson". Design Engineer Hall of Fame. March 8, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- Rock Island: Chester Thordarson, In Wisconsin, Wisconsin PBS, May 5th, 2011, 7:28 video
- "Thordarson Estate Historic District". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- "Thordarson Estate Historic District". Landmark Hunter. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- Sharyn Alden. "Rock Island park offers raw beauty and a past preserved". The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
- "Thordarson Collection". Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- U.W. Library News, March 1966
- Ralph Hagedorn, "Bibliotheca Thordarsoniana: The Sequel," in PAPERS of the Bibliographical Society of America, Vo. 44 (Q1, 1950). Dr. Bay's essay later formed a chapter in the Fortune of Books, (Chicago, 1941), 105-121
- Tim Sweet (2005). "Chester Thordarson's Rock Island". Voyageur. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- Cartwright, Carol Lohry (1986) "Rock Island: The Personification of Chester H. Thordarson". The Wisconsin Magazine of History, Vol. 69, No. 3 (Spring, 1986): 211-227.
- Eaton, Conan Bryant (1969) Rock Island, a part of the Washington Township (Jackson Harbor Press) ISBN 1-890352-19-5
- Purinton, Richard (2013) Thordarson and Rock Island (Island Bayou Press) ISBN 978-0-692-02006-7