Chester Beatty Library

The Chester Beatty Library, now known as the Chester Beatty, is a museum and library in Dublin. It was established in Ireland in 1950, to house the collections of mining magnate, Sir Alfred Chester Beatty.[1] The present museum, on the grounds of Dublin Castle, opened on 7 February 2000, the 125th anniversary of Beatty's birth and was named European Museum of the Year in 2002.[2]

Chester Beatty Library
ChesterBeattyLibaryFrount.jpg
Entrance
Interactive fullscreen map
Established1950
LocationDublin Castle, Dublin 2 D02 AD92
Coordinates53°20′31″N 6°16′1″W / 53.34194°N 6.26694°W / 53.34194; -6.26694Coordinates: 53°20′31″N 6°16′1″W / 53.34194°N 6.26694°W / 53.34194; -6.26694
TypeArt Museum, Library, Visitor Attraction
Key holdingsChester Beatty Papyri
CollectionsEast Asian, Islamic, Western
Collection sizeapprox 25,000
Visitors350,000 (2018)
FounderSir Alfred Chester Beatty
Public transit accessLuas, Dublin Bus, DART
Websitechesterbeatty.ie

The museum's collections are displayed in two galleries: "Sacred Traditions" and "Arts of the Book". Both displays exhibit manuscripts, miniature paintings, prints, drawings, rare books and some decorative arts from the Persian, Islamic, East Asian and Western Collections.[3] The Chester Beatty is one of the premier sources for scholarship in both the Old and New Testaments and is home to one of the most significant collections of Western, Islamic and East & South East Asian artefacts.[4] The museum also offers numerous temporary exhibitions, many of which include works of art on loan from foreign institutions and collections. The museum contains a number of priceless objects, including one of the surviving volumes of the first illustrated Life of the Prophet and the Gospel of Mani believed to be the last remaining artefact from Manichaeism.[5][6]

CollectionsEdit

Western CollectionsEdit

The Western Collection houses many illuminated manuscripts, rare books and Old Master prints and drawings. With biblical texts written in Armenian, Church Slavonic, Coptic, Ge’ez, Greek, Latin and Syriac, the collection’s Christian material comes from diverse cultural and geographical backgrounds. The papyrus codices in the Chester Beatty include Papyrus 45 and Papyrus 46 among others which are some of the earliest surviving Christian artefacts in the world. In addition, a significant proportion of the rare printed books and prints are also Christian in focus.[7] The collection of papyri is one of the most extensive in the world and includes almost the entire corpus of Ancient Egyptian Love Songs.

Islamic CollectionsEdit

The Islamic Collection is divided between the Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Qur'an and Mughal-Era Indian Collections. The Arabic texts include treatises on religion, history, jurisprudence, medicine, geography, mathematics, astronomy and linguistics. Some of the finest miniatures from imperial Mughal albums, called Muraqqa', are housed in the Chester Beatty Library, with important paintings from the Late Shah Jahan Album and the Minto Album. The albums were the subject of an exhibition and publication by the Islamic curator, Dr Elaine Wright, Muraqqa': Imperial Albums of the Chester Beatty Library. Often on display is the Ibn al-Bawwab Qur'an, copied by one of the greatest medieval Islamic calligraphers.

Persian CollectionEdit

The Persian collection contains various miniatures and manuscripts of classical Persian poets such as Ferdowsi and Nizami.[8]

East Asian CollectionsEdit

The East Asian Collection has one of the most extensive collections of carved snuff bottles, many of which were included in the catalogue, The Chester Beatty Library, Dublin: Chinese Snuff Bottles. It also has Japanese art, including a pair of long picture-scrolls painted in the 17th century by Kanō Sansetsu.[9]

Collection highlights[10]Edit

Arabic collectionEdit

Armenian collectionEdit

Biblical papyri collectionEdit

Burmese collectionEdit

Chinese collectionEdit

Coptic collectionEdit

Egyptian Papyrus collectionEdit

Ethiopian collectionEdit

Hebrew collectionEdit

Indian collectionEdit

Indian (non-Mughal) collectionEdit

Islamic collectionEdit

Japanese collectionEdit

Papyrus collectionEdit

Persian collectionEdit

Syriac collectionEdit

Thai collectionEdit

Turkish collectionEdit

Western collectionEdit

Western Miscellaneous collectionEdit

Western Prints and Drawings collectionEdit

OthersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Clare Pollard (1 September 2000). "The Chester Beatty Library and its East Asian Collections". Antiquity. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2008.
  2. ^ Brian Lavery (17 July 2002). "Arts Abroad; An Irish Castle for Religious Manuscripts". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 March 2008.
  3. ^ "Castle is Fitting Home for Beatty Treasures". The Irish Times. 3 February 2000. Retrieved 21 March 2008.
  4. ^ Elizabeth Hutcheson (3 December 2006). "Chester Beatty Library: Magnificent Collection of Islamic and Far Eastern Artefacts". Mathaba News Network. Archived from the original on 13 May 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2008.
  5. ^ "Priceless Ancient Text Reassembled". BBC News. 12 July 2001. Retrieved 21 March 2008.
  6. ^ "Thrilling Messages from a Shared Past". The Irish Times. 6 January 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2008.
  7. ^ "Christianity | Explore the Collections". Chester Beatty. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  8. ^ A Catalogue of the Persian Manuscripts and Miniatures Archived 3 August 2019 at the Wayback Machine Chester Beatty
  9. ^ Ireland and Japan cooperate in Preservation of Ancient ArtworksBy Shane McCausland, Curator of the East Asian Collections Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine Ireland Embassy in Japan
  10. ^ These are collection highlights according to museum site "Chester Beatty Explore". Chester Beatty. (at least those, which have image in Wikimedia commons)

External linksEdit