Cherwell Valley line

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The Cherwell Valley line is the railway line between Didcot and Banbury via Oxford. It links the Great Western Main Line and the south to the Chiltern Main Line and the Midlands. The line follows the River Cherwell for much of its route between Banbury and Oxford.

Cherwell Valley line
Appleford railway station platforms in 2009.jpg
Overview
TypeHeavy rail
SystemNational Rail
StatusOperational
LocaleOxfordshire,
South East England
Stations7
Operation
OwnerNetwork Rail
Operator(s)CrossCountry
Great Western Railway
Rolling stockClass 165 "Turbo"
Class 166 "Turbo Express"
Class 220 "Voyager"
Class 221 "Super Voyager"
Class 800 "Intercity Express Train"
Technical
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Cherwell Valley line
34 Banbury
30½ Kings Sutton
29
Aynho
Fritwell & Somerton
23⅛ Heyford
19½ Tackley
Bletchington
Shipton cement works
Kidlington
13¼
A34
Oxford Western Bypass
(Wolvercote Viaduct)
Wolvercot Platform
11⅜
Oxford North Junction
10⅜ Oxford
gas works
Oxford (Grandpont)
Hinksey Halt
Millstream Junction
Abingdon Road Halt
8
Kennington Junction
Mini factory
Radley
Abingdon Junction
Abingdon Junction
Culham Cutting
3 Culham
2 Appleford
Gravel pits
Didcot North Junction
0 Didcot Parkway
Great Western main line
to Swindon │ to Reading

Current and former stations servedEdit

The former station for Bletchingdon was always spelt "Bletchington", which is an alternative spelling for that village's toponym. The former halt at Wolvercote was called "Wolvercot Platform", with a deliberately different spelling of the village's name, to distinguish it from the London and North Western Railway's nearby Wolvercote Halt.

ServicesEdit

Passenger services are provided by CrossCountry and Great Western Railway. GWR markets the local service between Oxford and Banbury as the Oxford Canal Line.

The line carries a large and increasing volume of freight between the Port of Southampton and the Midlands, much of it container trains operated by Freightliner.

TiltingEdit

With the exception of the West Coast Main Line, this route was the only route on which domestic UK trains could tilt, something of which Virgin CrossCountry took advantage of, using Class 221 Super Voyagers from 2004.[1] After Virgin CrossCountry's successor CrossCountry elected to remove the tilting equipment from its Class 221s to increase reliability and reduce costs, tilt running ceased in 2008.[2]

River ThamesEdit

The line makes three crossings of the River Thames between Oxford and Didcot:

ElectrificationEdit

In 1977 the Parliamentary Select Committee on Nationalised Industries recommended considering electrification of more of Britain's rail network, and by 1979 BR presented a range of options to do so by 2000.[3] Some of these options would have included the whole Cherwell Valley line and the Banbury–Birmingham section of what is now the Chiltern Main Line plus the Coventry to Leamington line.[3] The 1979–90 Conservative governments that succeeded the 1976–79 Labour government did not implement the proposal.

Under plans for the Great Western Electrification project announced in July 2009, the Cherwell Valley line was due to be electrified from Didcot as far as Oxford.[4] However, delays and cost overruns elsewhere caused this to be deferred indefinitely in 2016.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Debut trip for new tilting train". BBC News. 29 April 2004.
  2. ^ Miles, Tony (August 2008). "Cross Country stops Tilting". Modern Railways. Vol. 65 no. 719. Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 71. ISSN 0026-8356.
  3. ^ a b Anonymous (Winter 1979). Railway Electrification. British Railways Board (Central Publicity Unit). pp. 0–2, 8.
  4. ^ "Rail Electrification" (PDF). Britain's Transport Infrastructure. Department for Transport. July 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 August 2009.
  5. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-oxfordshire-37908735