Chernushinsky District

Chernushinsky District (Russian: Черну́шинский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion) of Perm Krai, Russia; one of the thirty-three in the krai.[1] Municipally, it is incorporated as Chernushinsky Municipal District.[5] It is located in the south of the krai and borders with Uinsky District in the north, Oktyabrsky District in the east, the Republic of Bashkortostan in the south, Kuyedinsky District in the west, and with Bardymsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,676 square kilometers (647 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the town of Chernushka.[1] Population: 50,593 (2010 Census);[3] 53,746 (2002 Census);[7] 51,743 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Chernushka accounts for 65.8% of the district's total population.[3]

Chernushinsky District
Чернушинский район
Welcome sign at the entrance to Chernushinsky District
Welcome sign at the entrance to Chernushinsky District
Flag of Chernushinsky District
Coat of arms of Chernushinsky District
Location of Chernushinsky District in Perm Krai
Coordinates: 56°30′N 56°15′E / 56.500°N 56.250°E / 56.500; 56.250Coordinates: 56°30′N 56°15′E / 56.500°N 56.250°E / 56.500; 56.250
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPerm Krai[1]
Established1925[2]
Administrative centerChernushka[1]
Area
 • Total1,676 km2 (647 sq mi)
Population
 • Total50,593
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
50,438 (−0.3%)
 • Density30/km2 (78/sq mi)
 • Urban
65.8%
 • Rural
34.2%
Administrative structure
 • Inhabited localities[1]1 Cities/towns, 74 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asChernushinsky Municipal District[5]
 • Municipal divisions[5]1 Urban settlements, 14 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
OKTMO ID57657000
Websitehttp://www.chernadm.ru/

GeographyEdit

The district stretches for 54 kilometers (34 mi) from north to south and for approximately 56 kilometers (35 mi) from east to west. Geologically, it is located on the eastern outskirts of the East European craton. District's landscape is mostly flat with some hills. Major rivers include the Bystry Tanyp and the Tyuy. There are eighty-one ponds in the district, ten of which have a volume of over 100,000 cubic meters (3,500,000 cu ft), and the largest of which are Ryabovsky and Trushnikovsky Ponds. About 26% of the total district's territory is covered by forests.

ClimateEdit

The climate is temperate continental with relatively long and cold winters and warm summers. Average annual temperature is +1.5 °C (34.7 °F). Average January temperature is −15.6 °C (3.9 °F) and average July temperature is +18.4 °C (65.1 °F). Record high temperature is +37 °C (99 °F) (July 1952) and record low is −54 °C (−65 °F) (January 1, 1979). Annual precipitation is about 583 millimeters (23.0 in).

HistoryEdit

The district was established in 1925.[2] In 1931, Ryabkovsky District was merged into it.[2] In October 1938, the district became a part of Perm Oblast.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Ethnic composition, according to the 2002 Census:[2]

There are also Chuvash people, Mari people and other ethnic minorities living in the district.

EconomyEdit

The economy of the district is based on oil industry, production of building materials, food industry, and agriculture.

There are several explored oil fields in the district, with the major one being the Pavlovskoye Field. There are also deposits of building materials in the district.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Encyclopedia of Perm Krai. Entry on Chernushinsky District (in Russian)
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #1882-409
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

SourcesEdit

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №504-ПК от 9 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Пермской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края"». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #504-PK of July 9, 2015 On Amending the Law of Perm Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai". Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №1882-409 от 9 декабря 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Чернушинского района Пермского края», в ред. Закона №175-ПК от 7 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области, Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Пермского края». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №283, 22 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #1882-409 of December 9, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Chernushinsky District of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #175-PK of March 7, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast, Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug on Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Perm Krai. Effective as of the day which is ten days following the day of the official publication.).