Chernelytsia Castle

Chernelytsia Castle in 2014

The Chernelytsia Castle (Ukrainian: Чернелицький замок, Polish: Zamek w Czernelicy) is a castle built in Chernelytsia, Galicia, Ukraine in 1659 by Bratslav governor Michał Jerzy Czartoryski. The front facade is decorated with the coat of arms «Pogoń». The western facade of the gates is decorated with the emblem «Pylyava» placed above the stone doors of the gates, followed by the letters E.S.X.C.W.B., meaning «Euphrosyne Stanislavitskaya, princess Czartorysk, Bratslav voivod (the second wife of Mikhail Czartoryskiy)».[1]

In 1672 and 1676, respectively suffered damage during the war with the Turks (also Tatars, Vlachs). The castle played an important role during the Polish–Ottoman War in 1685-1690. It was the largest eastern castle of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth on the right bank of the Dniester River. During the times of the Moldavian crusades of Jan III Sobieski the castle was the storage place of provisions and fodder. Several times the King himself stopped here.[1]

At the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries the castle was owned by Tsensky.[2]

In 1892, then owner of the castle Samuel Mosberg wanted to rebuild the castle. But the order of Gorodenka Starostats prohibited any construction under the threat of punishment. The castle stopped functioning after the Soviet occupation of Ukraine in 1939.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hoschynsky, Artur (2015). "Chernelytsky zamok u druhij polovyni XVII — XVIII stolitti". Pam'jatky Ukraijny. 7–9: 38–45.
  2. ^ Nahirnij, Vitaliy (2015). "Zamok naprykintsi XVIII — u pershij polovyni XIX stolitta". Pam'jatky Ukrajiny. 7–9: 50–59.
  3. ^ Arsenich, Magda (2015). "Chernekytskyj zamok u mizhvoiennyj period". Pam'jatky Ukrajiny. 7–9.

External linksEdit