Chelandry (1894–1917) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She was the top-rated juvenile filly in England in 1896 when she won the Woodcote Stakes, Great Surrey Breeders' Foal Plate, National Breeders' Produce Stakes and Imperial Produce Stakes. In the following year she won the 1000 Guineas and finished second in both the Epsom Oaks and the St Leger. She remained in training as a four-year-old but failed to win again and was retired at the end of the year. After her retirement from racing, she became an exceptionally successful and influential broodmare.

Chelandry in 1897.
CountryUnited Kingdom
BreederLord Rosebery
OwnerLord Rosebery
TrainerWilliam Walters Jr
Record15: 5-3-2
Major wins
Woodcote Stakes (1896)
Great Surrey Breeders' Foal Plate (1896)
National Breeders' Produce Stakes (1896)
Imperial Produce Stakes (1896)
1000 Guineas (1897)
Top-rated 2-y-o filly in England (1896)

Background edit

Chelandry was a bay mare bred in England by her owner Lord Rosebery. She was trained throughout her racing career by William Walters Jr. She was not a physically impressive specimen, being variously described as "mean-looking", "wiry",[2] and a "common-looking little filly".[3]

She was from the first, and only European crop of foals sired by Goldfinch, a half brother to Common and Throstle, who won the New Stakes in 1891. Her dam Illuminata also produced Ladas and several influential broodmares including Phosphine, Vauxhall and Gas.[4] The word chelandrie was used to refer to a goldfinch by Thomas Chatterton in one of his Rowley poems.[5]

Racing career edit

1896: two-year-old season edit

Chelandry's owner Lord Rosebery

In her first major race Chelandry contested the Royal Two-Year-Old Plate over five furlongs at Kempton Park Racecourse on 8 May and finished second, beaten three quarters of a length by Alfred W. Cox's colt Eager.[6] In the Woodcote Stakes at Epsom Racecourse on 2 June the filly started the 1/3 favourite and won "easily" from Princess Anne.[7] Two days later at the same course, the filly followed up by taking the Great Surrey Breeders' Foal Plate.[8] In the Coventry Stakes at Royal Ascot two weeks later she disputed the lead for most of the way but faded in the closing stages and finished fourth behind Gorletta, Eager and Minstrel.[9] In the National Breeders' Produce Stakes at Sandown Park in July Chelandry, who started the 9/4 joint-favourite, led from the start and won "with ridiculous ease"[10] by two lengths from Ardeshir with the unnamed "Braw Lass colt" in third.[11]

On 9 October Chelandry ended her season in the £3,000 Imperial Produce Stakes over six furlongs at Kempton Park. Starting the 4/7 favourite she drew away from her opponents in the final furlong and won "unchallenged" by three lengths from Cortegar, with Redress a head away in third.[12]

At the end of the season, Chelandry was rated the best juvenile filly in England, albeit eight pounds inferior to the top colt Galtee More.[13]

1897: three-year-old season edit

Chelandry's regular jockey Jack Watts

On 7 May 1897, Chelandry, ridden by John Watts, started the 9/4 second favourite behind Goletta in a nine-runner field for the 84th running of the 1000 Guineas over the Rowley Mile course at Newmarket Racecourse. After racing in second place she took the lead approaching the final furlong and "shot clear" to win "in a canter" by two lengths from the 20/1 outsider Galatia, with Goletta a length and a half back in third place.[14] Lord Rosebery received particular congratulations as the race took place on his 50th birthday.[15] The winning time of 1.42.6 was a new record for the race.[16]

Chelandry was moved up in distance to contest the Oaks Stakes at Epsom on 5 June and although her old rivals Goletta, Galatia and Cortegar were in opposition she was regarded as a near certainty and went off at odds of 2/5. In a major upset she was defeated by Lord Hindlip's Limasol. Chelandry had tracked Limasol throughout the race but after drawing alongside her rival in the straight she was unable to sustain her challenge and was beaten three lengths into second place.[17] At Royal Ascot eleven days later she failed to show her best form and finished unplaced behind Goletta in the Coronation Stakes.[18]

The 1897 edition of the St Leger was seen as little more than a formality for the colt Galtee More who started at odds of 1/10 after emphatic victories in the 2000 Guineas and the Epsom Derby. Chelandry was one of four horses to oppose him and went off at 25/1. In a race which was run very slowly until the final stages she produced a strong late rush on the outside and finished second, three quarters of a length behind Galtee More, and a neck in front of the American-bred colt St Cloud.[19] On her final start of the year Chelandry finished third behind Love Wisely and Velasquez in the £10,000 Jockey Club Stakes over ten furlongs at Newmarket on 30 September.[20]

1898: four-year-old season edit

For her first appearance as a four-year-old, Chelandry was assigned a weight of 112 pounds for the City and Suburban Handicap over ten furlongs at Epsom on 20 April and finished unplaced behind Bay Ronald.[21] In July at Newmarket she ran unplaced behind Goletta in the £10,000 Princess of Wales's Stakes.[22] On 29 September she ran third behind Cyllene and Velasquez in her second attempt to win the Jockey Club Stakes.[23] Chelandry ended her racing career on 26 October when she finished ninth behind Dinna Forget in the Cambridgeshire Handicap.[24]

Breeding record edit

After her retirement from racing Chelandry became a broodmare for Lord Rosebery's stud and produced at least sixteen foals between 1900 and 1915. She produced several good winners including Neil Gow, Skyscraper, Traquair and Perdiccas and had a long-term influence on the Thoroughbred breed through her daughters who were the female-line ancestors of numerous top-class winners. She is the foundation mare of Thoroughbred Family 1-n. Her offspring included:

Chelandry died in 1917 at the age of 23.[26]

Pedigree edit

Pedigree of Chelandry (GB), bay mare, 1894[1]
Goldfinch (GB)
Bend Or Doncaster
Rouge Rose
Lily Agnes Macaroni
Polly Agnes
Scottish Chief Lord of the Isles
Miss Ann
The Flower Safety Wild Dayrell
Iluminata (GB)
Beadsman Weatherbit
Madame Eglentine Cowl
Blair Athol Stockwell
Blink Bonny
Paradigm Paragone
Ellen Horne (Family: 1-l)[4]

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Chelandry pedigree". Equineline.
  2. ^ "Talk of the Turf". New Zealand Times. 26 June 1897. p. 2 – via Papers Past.
  3. ^ "English Sporting Notes". Evening Star (Dunedin). 29 June 1897. p. 4 – via Papers Past.
  4. ^ a b "Paraffin - Family 1-l". Thoroughbred Bloodlines. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
  5. ^ Chatterton, Thomas (1803). The Works of Thomas Chatterton Volume II containing the poems attributed to Rowley. Longman & Rees. p. 135.
  6. ^ "Kempton Park Spring Meeting". The Press. 2 July 1896. p. 2 – via Papers Past.
  7. ^ "Epsom Race Meeting". The Press. 27 July 1896. p. 6 – via Papers Past.
  8. ^ "Sporting Items". The Press. 31 July 1896. p. 6 – via Papers Past.
  9. ^ "Racing in England. Lingfield". Otago Witness. 13 August 1896. p. 34 – via Papers Past.
  10. ^ "Topics of the Day". Evening Star (Dunedin). 11 September 1896. p. 4 – via Papers Past.
  11. ^ "In a Nutshell". Otago Witness. 10 September 1896. p. 32 – via Papers Past.
  12. ^ "Racing in England". Otago Witness. 3 December 1896. p. 34 – via Papers Past.
  13. ^ "Trotting Talk". The Press. 23 July 1897. p. 3 – via Papers Past.
  14. ^ "The Turf in England". New Zealand Herald. 26 June 1897. p. 6 – via Papers Past.
  15. ^ "Miscellaneous". Auckland Star. 16 June 1897. p. 3 – via Papers Past.
  16. ^ "Miscellaneous". Auckland Star. 26 June 1897. p. 3 – via Papers Past.
  17. ^ "Bacing in England". Otago Witness. 22 July 1897. p. 38 – via Papers Past.
  18. ^ "Racing in England. Manchester". Otago Witness. 12 August 1897. p. 33 – via Papers Past.
  19. ^ "Racing in England". Otago Witness. 28 October 1897. p. 34 – via Papers Past.
  20. ^ "Jockey Club Stakes". The Press. 2 October 1897. p. 8 – via Papers Past.
  21. ^ "Epsom". Otago Witness. 9 June 1898. p. 34 – via Papers Past.
  22. ^ "Newmarket First July". Otago Witness. 11 August 1898. p. 38 – via Papers Past.
  23. ^ "Late Racing". Auckland Star. 30 September 1898. p. 5 – via Papers Past.
  24. ^ "Racing in England". Otago Witness. 15 December 1898. p. 38 – via Papers Past.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h "Chelandry - Family 1-n". Thoroughbred Bloodlines. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  26. ^ "Turf Notes". Auckland Star. 5 May 1917. p. 17 – via Papers Past.