Chaves County, New Mexico

Chaves County is a county in New Mexico, United States. As of the 2019 census, the population was 64,615.[1] Its county seat is Roswell.[2] Chaves County was named for Colonel Jose Francisco Chaves, a military leader there during the Civil War and later in Navajo campaigns. The county was created by the New Mexico Territorial Legislature on February 25, 1889, out of land from Lincoln County.

Chaves County
Chaves County Courthouse in Roswell
Official seal of Chaves County
Map of New Mexico highlighting Chaves County
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°22′N 104°28′W / 33.36°N 104.47°W / 33.36; -104.47
Country United States
State New Mexico
FoundedFebruary 25, 1889
Named forJosé Francisco Chaves
SeatRoswell
Largest cityRoswell
Area
 • Total6,075 sq mi (15,730 km2)
 • Land6,065 sq mi (15,710 km2)
 • Water9.8 sq mi (25 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
64,615
 • Density11/sq mi (4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websiteco.chaves.nm.us

Chaves County comprises the Roswell, New Mexico Micropolitan Statistical Area.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,075 square miles (15,730 km2), of which 6,065 square miles (15,710 km2) is land and 9.8 square miles (25 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3] It is the fourth-largest county in New Mexico by area.

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
191016,850
192012,075−28.3%
193019,54961.9%
194023,98022.7%
195040,60569.3%
196057,64942.0%
197043,335−24.8%
198051,10317.9%
199057,84913.2%
200061,3826.1%
201065,6456.9%
2019 (est.)64,615[4]−1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2016[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 census,[9] there were 61,382 people, 22,561 households, and 16,085 families living in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km2). There were 25,647 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.95% White, 1.97% Black or African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 21.25% from other races, and 3.12% from two or more races. 43.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,561 households, out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,513, and the median income for a family was $32,532. Males had a median income of $26,896 versus $21,205 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,990. About 17.60% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.10% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 census, there were 65,645 people, 23,691 households, and 16,646 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 10.8 inhabitants per square mile (4.2/km2). There were 26,697 housing units at an average density of 4.4 per square mile (1.7/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 70.9% white, 2.0% black or African American, 1.2% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 21.9% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 52.0% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 10.1% were German, 9.3% were Irish, 8.5% were English, and 4.6% were American.[12]

Of the 23,691 households, 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.7% were non-families, and 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.22. The median age was 34.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,524 and the median income for a family was $43,464. Males had a median income of $37,573 versus $26,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,504. About 15.9% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.[13]

PoliticsEdit

Chaves County is a Republican stronghold. No Democratic presidential candidate has won Chaves County since Lyndon Johnson's landslide victory of 1964. Even in that election, Johnson took Chaves County by only 1.3 percent.[14]

United States presidential election results for Chaves County, New Mexico[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 15,656 69.76% 6,381 28.43% 406 1.81%
2016 12,872 63.50% 5,534 27.30% 1,865 9.20%
2012 13,088 64.50% 6,604 32.54% 600 2.96%
2008 13,651 61.74% 8,197 37.07% 264 1.19%
2004 14,773 68.06% 6,726 30.99% 206 0.95%
2000 11,378 62.69% 6,340 34.93% 431 2.37%
1996 9,991 53.95% 7,014 37.87% 1,514 8.18%
1992 8,872 46.95% 6,360 33.65% 3,666 19.40%
1988 13,367 65.84% 6,730 33.15% 206 1.01%
1984 15,248 73.37% 5,332 25.66% 202 0.97%
1980 12,502 67.24% 5,350 28.77% 742 3.99%
1976 10,631 59.26% 7,139 39.79% 170 0.95%
1972 11,493 70.87% 4,296 26.49% 427 2.63%
1968 8,866 63.61% 3,612 25.91% 1,460 10.47%
1964 8,419 49.20% 8,650 50.55% 43 0.25%
1960 9,089 59.05% 6,212 40.36% 91 0.59%
1956 7,538 63.37% 4,270 35.89% 88 0.74%
1952 7,018 63.92% 3,880 35.34% 81 0.74%
1948 3,123 40.43% 4,569 59.15% 33 0.43%
1944 3,149 48.33% 3,350 51.41% 17 0.26%
1940 2,981 40.84% 4,304 58.97% 14 0.19%
1936 2,505 35.70% 4,394 62.62% 118 1.68%
1932 1,830 28.95% 4,257 67.34% 235 3.72%
1928 3,124 69.48% 1,364 30.34% 8 0.18%
1924 1,519 39.40% 2,168 56.24% 168 4.36%
1920 1,765 45.54% 2,080 53.66% 31 0.80%
1916 862 25.90% 2,275 68.36% 191 5.74%
1912 465 18.24% 1,339 52.53% 745 29.23%


CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

TownsEdit

Census-designated placeEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

EducationEdit

School districts include:[16]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  16. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Chaves County, NM" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2022. - Text list

External linksEdit

KML is from Wikidata

  Media related to Chaves County, New Mexico at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 33°22′N 104°28′W / 33.36°N 104.47°W / 33.36; -104.47