Chatuchak District

Chatuchak District (Thai: จตุจักร, pronounced [t͡ɕàʔ.tùʔ.t͡ɕàk]) is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by seven other districts (from the north clockwise): Lak Si, Bang Khen, Lat Phrao, Huai Khwang, Din Daeng, Phaya Thai, and Bang Sue.

Chatuchak

จตุจักร
Phahonyothin Road and BTS tracks view toward Lat Phrao Square
Phahonyothin Road and BTS tracks view toward Lat Phrao Square
Official seal of Chatuchak
Seal
Khet location in Bangkok
Khet location in Bangkok
Coordinates: 13°49′43″N 100°33′35″E / 13.82861°N 100.55972°E / 13.82861; 100.55972Coordinates: 13°49′43″N 100°33′35″E / 13.82861°N 100.55972°E / 13.82861; 100.55972
CountryThailand
ProvinceBangkok
SeatChatuchak
Khet established1989
Area
 • Total32.908 km2 (12.706 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total156,684[1]
 • Density4,761.27/km2 (12,331.6/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
10900
Geocode1030

HistoryEdit

Chatuchak was originally part of Bang Khen District. It became a separate district in 1989.[2] The name of the district came from its two major landmarks, Chatuchak Park and Chatuchak Weekend Market.

Government and infrastructureEdit

The district is divided into five sub-districts (khwaeng).

1. Lat Yao ลาดยาว
2. Sena Nikhom เสนานิคม
3. Chan Kasem จันทรเกษม
4. Chomphon จอมพล
5. Chatuchak จตุจักร

The Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation and Department of Fisheries with Criminal Court of Thailand as well as Department of Land Transport have their headquarters in the district. Klong Prem Central Prison, also known as "Lat Yao Prison", is in the district.

MarketsEdit

The best-known site in the district is the Chatuchak Weekend Market, the largest market in Thailand. Northwest of the weekend market is another market, Chatuchak Plaza, which sells clothes and many other products. Across Kamphang Phet Road is Or Tor Kor Market (ตลาด อ.ต.ก.) belonging to The Marketing Organization for Farmers (องค์การตลาดเพื่อการเกษตร), offering fresh agricultural products and food. Just north of the market along Kamphang Phet Road is an area selling plants and garden products.[3]

ParksEdit

 
Chatuchak Park seen from Mo Chit BTS Station

Adjoining the Chatuchak Weekend Market to the north is the Chatuchak Park complex, covering 1.13 km2 of a former State Railway of Thailand golf course consisting of Chatuchak Park (สวนจตุจักร), Queen Sirikit Park (สวนสมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ฯ), and Wachirabenchathat Park (สวนวชิรเบญจทัศ).

Chatuchak Park (0.304 km2) is the first park in the complex. It opened in December 1980 and is on Phahonyothin Road next to the Mo Chit BTS Station. It is the most accessible park of the three. Also included in this park is the Train Museum.

 
Wachira Benchathat Park

Queen Sirikit Park (0.224 km2) is a botanical garden built to honor the queen's 60th birthday in 1992. It was formally opened in December 1996. Plants collected in the garden include hibiscus, plumeria, and palms. Within the park compound is the Children's Museum. The park is behind the Chatuchak Weekend Market parking lot.

The Wachirabenchathat Park (0.600 km2) is the biggest and newest park of the complex. It was called State Railway Public Park (สวนรถไฟ, Suan Rot Fai) but was renamed in July 2002 in honor of Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn's 50th birthday. It contains a butterfly park and the tallest fountain in Thailand.

LocationsEdit

Elephant Tower (ตึกช้าง) is one of the most distinctive buildings in Bangkok. Shaped like an elephant, it consists of three towers (A, B, and C) joined together at the top. It includes condominiums and office space.

On Vibhavadhi Road opposite Kasetsart University is the Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA). Thawan Duchanee (ถวัลย์ ดัชนี, also written Tawan Datchanee), one of the artists highlighted, is considered one of the most famous modern day artists of Thailand.

Central Plaza Lat Phrao is the biggest shopping center in the district, consisting of Central Department Store, Bangkok Convention Centre (first convention hall in Thailand), cinemas, and many retail shops. Other shopping centers in Chatuchak District include Major Cineplex Ratchayothin featuring a 14-screen multiplex cinema and Union Mall, an eight-storey shopping mall for youngsters. Mixt Chatuchak and JJ Mall are two shopping malls located in the area of Chatuchak Weekend Market.

Thai Rath, the country's best selling newspaper has its headquarters in this district.

EducationEdit

 
The Kasetsart University administration building

Kasetsart University is one of the top universities in Thailand. Originally focused on agricultural sciences, it now includes many fields including business and engineering. The university is on a large block bounded by Vibhavadi Rangsit Road, Ngamwongwan Road and Phahonyothin Road.

Sripatum University is a private university adjacent to 11th Royal Infantry Regiment.

Saint John's University and Saint John's International School are also in Chatuchak District.

TransportEdit

The district is crossed by the Blue Line of the Bangkok MRT with four stations: Kamphaeng Phet, Chatuchak Park, Phahon Yothin, and Lat Phrao. Bang Sue MRT Station is just outside Chatuchak District.

Chatuchak District is the northern end-point of the Sukhumvit Line of the BTS Skytrain at Ha Yaek Lat Phrao station. The Northern Bus Terminal (often called Mo Chit Mai, หมอชิตใหม่) is in the district, with bus connections to northern provinces.

This district is served by the Bang Sue Junction railway station, Kan Keha km19 railway halt, and Bang Khen railway station of the State Railway of Thailand, whose Southern (only Bang Sue Junction railway station), Northern, and Northeastern Lines runs past the area.

Bang Sue Central station will replace Bang Sue railway station. It is behind Chatuchak Weekend Market. It will serve as Thailand's rail hub as it will replace Bangkok railway station (Hua Lamphong). Construction is to be completed in January 2021.

Lat Phrao Intersection, also known as Lat Phrao Square is the main junction of both the district and Bangkok, it is the five corners of Phahonyothin, Vibhavadi Rangsit and Lat Phrao Roads with Don Mueang Tollway, regarded as the beginning of Lat Phrao Road.

District councilEdit

The district council for Chatuchak has eight members, who serve four-year terms. Elections were last held on 30 April 2006. The results were:

EconomyEdit

 
Thai Airways headquarters, Chatuchak

Thai Airways and Bangkok Airways have their head offices in Chatuchak.[4][5]

TMB Bank and Siam Commercial Bank (SCB) have their head offices in the district as well. The head office building of SCB is known as SCB Park Plaza.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and House Report for Year 2017 (see page 2 for data of this district)". Department of Provincial Administration, Ministry of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 2018-04-01. (Search page)
  2. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงพื้นที่เขตบางเขนและตั้งเขตดอนเมือง และเขตจตุจักร (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 106 (155 ง ฉบับพิเศษ): 17. 1989-09-16.
  3. ^ Goldberg, Lina (24 February 2013). "10 of the world's best fresh markets". CNN Travel. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Details of Shareholders and Board of Directors Archived November 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine." Thai Airways International. Retrieved on 4 March 2010.
  5. ^ "Contact Us Archived May 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Bangkok Airways. Retrieved on 12 May 2010.

External linksEdit