Chatsworth, Derbyshire

Chatsworth is a civil parish in Derbyshire, England, within the area of the Derbyshire Dales and the Peak District National Park.

Chatsworth
Derbyshire UK parish map highlighting Chatsworth.svg
Chatsworth parish highlighted within Derbyshire
Civil parish
  • Chatsworth
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBAKEWELL
Postcode districtDE45
Dialling code01246
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
Chatsworth House

The population is largely in and around Chatsworth House and is considered to be too low to justify a parish council. Instead, there is a parish meeting, at which all electors may attend.

Most of Chatsworth belongs to the Duke of Devonshire's Chatsworth estate, the villages of which include Beeley, Pilsley and Edensor.

HistoryEdit

John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-1872) says[1] -

CHATSWORTH, an extra-parochial tract, containing a grand seat of the Duke of Devonshire, in Bakewell district, Derby; on the river Derwent, 3½ miles NE of Bakewell. Pop[ulation]., 53. Houses, 8. The domain was held for the Crown at the Conquest by William Peveril; passed to the Leches and the Agards.

In the reign of Edward III, William de Furneaux granted lands in Chatsworth, Beeley and Chelmorton to Godfrey Foljambe. William de Furneaux had himself purchased the manor from the de Beeley family in the 13th Century, the de Furneaux's were descended from the De Avenal's. Cherecourt's, and the Saxon Lord Ingram who held vast estates in the region. A branch of this the line from Beighton and Eyam - The Unwin's still reside in the region today.

Chatsworth was purchased, in the 16th century, by Sir William Cavendish. A quadrangular mansion, defended by towers, was founded on it by Sir William, and completed by his widow, the famous Countess of Shrewsbury; was the prison, for several years, of Mary Queen of Scots; was the prison also of Marshal Tallard, taken at Blenheim; was held alternately by the parliamentarians and the royalists in the civil wars; and was, for some time, the abode of Hobbes of Malmsbury, as family tutor, and the place where he wrote his ' ' Wonders of the Peak;" but has entirely disappeared. The present mansion was chiefly built in 1687-1706, by the first Duke of Devonshire, after designs by Talman and Wren...

John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles says[2] -

Chatsworth, par[ish]., N[orth]. Derbyshire, on river Derwent, 2½ miles NE. of Bakewell and 21½ miles NW. of Derby, 1292 ac. (45 water), pop. 60. Chatsworth Hall, seat of the Duke of Devonshire, is one of the noblest residences in England. The park is over 11 miles in circuit, and the gardens cover an area of 12 ac. Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned in the old mansion (1570-84). The present edifice was begun in 1688, and was finished in 1840, the additions being made at long intervals.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ CHATSWORTH, from Rev. John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-1872) online at visionofbritain.org.uk (accessed 14 November 2007)
  2. ^ Bartholomew, John, Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887)

External linksEdit

  • The Official Chatsworth website
  • Parish of Chatsworth at British-towns.net
  • Chatsworth page at derbyshire-peakdistrict.co.uk
  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chatsworth" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 7.

Coordinates: 53°13′N 1°37′W / 53.22°N 1.61°W / 53.22; -1.61