The Chateau Marmont is a hotel located at 8221 Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. The hotel was designed by architects Arnold A. Weitzman and William Douglas Lee and completed in 1929.[a] It was modeled loosely after the Château d'Amboise, a royal retreat in France's Loire Valley.
View of the Chateau from Sunset Boulevard
|Location||Los Angeles, California|
|Address||8225 Marmont Lane and 8221 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, California|
|Affiliation||André Balazs Properties|
|Design and construction|
|Number of rooms||63 (rooms, suites, cottages, and bungalows)|
|Number of restaurants||1|
|Number of bars||1|
The hotel is known as both a long- and short-term residence for celebrities – historically "populated by people either on their way up or on their way down" – as well as a home for New Yorkers in Hollywood. The hotel has 63 rooms, suites, cottages, and bungalows.
Design and constructionEdit
In 1926, Fred Horowitz, a prominent Los Angeles attorney, chose the site at Marmont Lane and Sunset Boulevard to construct an apartment building. Horowitz had recently traveled to Europe for inspiration and returned to California with photos of a Gothic Chateau along the Loire River. In 1927, Horowitz commissioned his brother-in-law, European-trained architect Arnold A. Weitzman, to design the seven-story, L-shaped building based on his French photos. When deciding upon a name for the building, Chateau Sunset and Chateau Hollywood were rejected in favor of Chateau Marmont, a name conceived by the small street running across the front of the property.
On February 1, 1929, Chateau Marmont opened its doors to the public as the newest residence of Hollywood. Local newspapers described the Chateau as "Los Angeles's newest, finest and most exclusive apartment house […] superbly situated, close enough to active businesses to be accessible and far enough away to insure quiet and privacy." For the inaugural reception, over 300 people passed through the site, including local press.
Conversion to hotelEdit
Due to the high rents and inability to keep tenants for long-term commitments during the Great Depression, Horowitz sold the apartment building in 1931 to Albert E. Smith, co-founder of Vitagraph Studios, for $750,000 in cash (equivalent to $12,610,000 in 2019). Smith converted the building into a hotel, an investment which benefitted from the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. The apartments became suites with kitchens and living rooms. The property was also refurbished with antiques from depression-era estate sales. During the 1930s, the hotel was managed by former silent film actress Ann Little.
From about 1942 to 1963 the Chateau was owned by Erwin Brettauer, a German banker who had funded films in Weimar Germany, and was noted for allowing black guests, breaking the long-standing colour line in Hollywood and Beverly Hills hotels.
Designed and constructed to be earthquake-proof, Chateau Marmont survived major earthquakes in 1933, 1953, 1971, 1987, and 1994 without sustaining any major structural damage. Nine Spanish cottages, as well as a swimming pool, were built next to the hotel in the 1930s and were acquired by the hotel in the 1940s. Craig Ellwood designed two of the four bungalows in 1956, after he completed Case Study Houses.
Acquisition by Sarlot-KantarjianEdit
Business was good for the hotel, although by the 1960s, the building was in disrepair, and the owners attempted to sell it multiple times. News articles about the hotel from the 1960s and '70s described it as an "elderly castle", a "dowdy hotel", "rundown", and "shabby-genteel".
After sitting on the market for two years, the Chateau was sold in 1975 to Raymond R. Sarlot and Karl Kantarjian of Sarlot-Kantarjian, a real estate development firm, for $1.1 million. Sarlot-Kantarjian planned to expand the hotel with a new wing. They repaired and upgraded many elements of the hotel, but tried to stay true to the hotel's character and history. In 1976, after their acquisition and improvements began, the Chateau was named a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument. In The New York Times, writer Quentin Crisp praised the Chateau's "avoiding undue modernization and stayed deliberately in the romantic past."
The hotel was acquired in 1990 by André Balazs. Balazs needed to modernize the hotel, while also preserving Chateau Marmont's character. For the restoration, Balazs strove to create the illusion that the hotel had been untouched, notwithstanding renovations. The entire facility was re-carpeted, repainted, and the public spaces were upgraded.
In July 2018, Chateau Hanare, a new restaurant, opened in a former residential building on the eastern edge of the property. Balazs had spent five years courting the restaurateur, Reika Alexander of New York City's EN Japanese Brasserie.
Throughout the years, Chateau Marmont has gained recognition. Tim Burton, Death Grips, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Anthony Kiedis, Annie Leibovitz, Courtney Love, Jay McInerney, Helmut Newton, Dorothy Parker, Nicholas Ray, Terry Richardson, Quentin Tarantino, Hunter S. Thompson, and Bruce Weber, among others, have produced work at the hotel.
Director Sofia Coppola shot her film Somewhere at the hotel in 2010. The hotel also appears in the Academy Award-winning films La La Land (2016) and A Star Is Born (2018), as well as The Night Walker (1964), Myra Breckinridge (1970), Blume in Love (1973), The Doors (1991), Dangerous Game (1993), Laurel Canyon (2003), and Maps to the Stars (2014). The opening scene from The Canyons (2013) was shot at the now-closed Bar Marmont.
The Chateau is featured—often as a setting—in many books, including Eve Babitz's Eve's Hollywood (1974) and Slow Days, Fast Company (1977), James Ellroy's The Big Nowhere (1989), Dominick Dunne's An Inconvenient Woman (1990) and Another City, Not My Own (1997), Charles Bukowski's Hollywood (1995), Lauren Weisberger's Last Night at Chateau Marmont (2010), and Michael Connelly's The Drop (2011). It is also the office of fictional paparazzo Patrick Immleman in the Panel Syndicate web comic The Private Eye.
The hotel has also been referred to in many songs, including the Grateful Dead's "West L.A. Fadeaway" from the album In the Dark, Lana Del Rey's 2011 single "Off to the Races" from Born to Die, Father John Misty's "Chateau Lobby #4 (in C for Two Virgins)" from I Love You, Honeybear (2015), Angus & Julia Stone's 2017 single "Chateau" from Snow, and Lily Allen's 2017 single "Trigger Bang" from No Shame. In 2017, Jarvis Cocker and Chilly Gonzales collaborated on a concept album of music inspired by the hotel, named Room 29, after one of the rooms with a piano.
In art and fashionEdit
Actor James Franco created a replica of the Chateau's Bungalow 2 for his Rebel Without a Cause exhibit at MOCA in 2012. The hotel's stationery has featured in work by artists André, Gary Baseman, Robert Gober, Martin Kippenberger, and Claes Oldenburg, among others. The Chateau's branding was featured in a capsule collection from fashion label Gucci in 2018.
- Los Angeles Department of City Planning (February 28, 2009). "Historic-Cultural Monuments (HCM) Listing: City Declared Monuments". City of Los Angeles. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved January 13, 2017. Cite journal requires
- "PCAD – Chateau Marmont Hotel, West Hollywood, CA". pcad.lib.washington.edu. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
- "$1.5 Million Wing Planned for Chateau Marmont". Los Angeles Times. June 29, 1975. p. G22.
- Goodwin, Christopher (November 28, 2010). "Hollywood Babylon". Sunday Times Magazine.
- Seidenbaum, Art (May 27, 1977). "Renaissance of the Marmont". Los Angeles Times. p. G1.
- Navasky, Victor S. (May 5, 1974). "It's Shabby-Genteel But the Stars Love It". The New York Times. New York, N.Y. p. XX1.
- Rozzo, Mark (February 4, 2019). "Secrets of the Chateau Marmont". Vanity Fair.
- Haden-Guest, Anthony (September 12, 1971). "Castle Kitsch". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, Calif. p. r19.
- Behrens, David (November 6, 1979). "A Home to the Stars Makes a Comeback". Newsday. Long Island, N.Y. p. A1.
- Parker, Jerry (August 12, 1979). "Checking in Among the Stars". Newsday. p. H1.
- Gindick, Tia (October 23, 1977). "Marmont's 50 Years as Hotel: Reaping Memories of a Heyday". Los Angeles Times. p. E1.
- Champlin, Charles (March 7, 1985). "L.A.'s Sense of Promise Endures". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, Calif. p. 1.
- Hodenfield, Chris (September 14, 1986). "Tales of the Chateau". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, Calif. p. U10.
- Baker, Carroll (1983). Baby Doll: An Autobiography. New York: Arbor House. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-87795-558-0.
- Balazs 1996, p. 19.
- Balazs 1996, p. 20.
- "Times Square: News from the Dailies: Coast". Variety. Vol. 104 no. 6. Los Angeles. October 20, 1931. p. 48.
- "New Owners in Possession of Multiple Unit". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, Calif. October 25, 1931. p. D3.
- "Apartments Justify Faith: One Heavy Investor Satisfied". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, Calif. May 1, 1932. p. D2.
- Driscoll, Molly (May 1, 2013). "'Life at the Marmont': 6 stories of Hollywood stars at the famous hotel". The Christian Science Monitor.
- Cozort, Sarah (September 13, 2019). "Behind the Celluloid Dream: A Conversation with Shawn Levy". Los Angeles Review of Books. Los Angeles Review of Books. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- Webb, Michael (December 1996). "Chateau Marmont Revisited". Architectural Digest. Vol. 53 no. 12. pp. 76, 82, 88, 92.
- Glueck, Grace (April 6, 1969). "Peepshows and Put-Ons". The New York Times. New York, N.Y. p. D24.
- "Chateau Marmont to Be Auctioned". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, Calif. December 11, 1966. p. n10.
- Wilkins, Barbara (January 22, 1967). "Hollywood's Chateau Struggling to Maintain Its Former Grandeur". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. p. G4.
- "Cleveland Amory's Celebrity Register". The Sun. Baltimore, Md. October 20, 1968. p. TW2.
- Christy, Marian (February 5, 1973). "Fragile Beauty Is a Sober Realist". The Home News. New Brunswick, New Jersey. p. 6.
- Crisp, Quentin (May 16, 1982). "Visiting Lotusland: Quentin Crisp surveys Los Angeles and its hotels". The New York Times. New York, N.Y. p. XX55.
- Dunlap, David W. (April 14, 1991). "Commercial Property: SoHo Hotels; Moving Beyond the Talking Stage". New York Times. New York, N.Y. p. A.13.
- Virbila, S. Irene (February 4, 2004). "The Review: Romancing the castle on the hill". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Elliott, Farley (April 5, 2017). "Bar Marmont Exits the Sunset Strip for Extended Food and Drink Overhaul". Eater.
- Kang, Matthew (July 16, 2018). "Chateau Marmont's Secret Japanese Restaurant Opens Tonight in Hollywood". Eater.
- O'Connell, Michael (May 8, 2018). "Hot NYC Restaurateur Bringing Haute Japanese Cuisine to LA's Chateau Marmont". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Brown, Janelle (December 3, 2010). "The Chateau Marmont Is Ready for Its Close-Up". The New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- Martins, Chris (January 4, 2013). "Death Grips Film Unsettling 'Come Up and Get Me' Video at Posh Chateau Marmont". Spin.
- Brannigan, Paul (July 15, 2014). "How Red Hot Chili Peppers Conquered the World with By the Way". Louder.
- Eber, Hailey (May 9, 2019). "90 Years of Secrets Live Inside the Chateau Marmont's Famed Walls". LA Mag.
- Snead, Elizabeth (June 26, 2012). "Lindsay Lohan Poses With a Gun for Controversial Fashion Photographer Terry Richardson". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Smith, Emily (September 19, 2016). "Quentin Tarantino retreats to Chateau Marmont to write film". Page Six.
- Chandler, Jenna (April 13, 2017). "'La La Land': The ultimate filming location map". Curbed. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
- Sandberg, Patrik (September 10, 2018). "Lady Gaga arrives as a movie megastar in her new film". Dazed.
- Orwig, Gail; Orwig, Raymond (January 12, 2018). Where Monsters Walked: California Locations of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films, 1925–1965. McFarland. p. 212. ISBN 978-1-4766-2797-7.
- Combs, Richard (April 1, 1991). "The Doors". Monthly Film Bulletin. London. 58 (687): 103.
- Nathan, Jean (August 1, 1993). "What's Up in the Old Hotel?". The New York Times.
- Hart, Hugh (March 2003). "Production Slate: Refuge and Risk". American Cinematographer. Hollywood, Calif. 84 (3): 24, 26, 28.
- Long, Camilla (September 28, 2014). "Hooray for Hollywood?: Julianne Moore gives a tour de force in the overblown satire Maps to the Stars". The Times. London (UK). p. 12.
- Pope, Braxton (August 2, 2013). "In Lindsay's Stardust Orbit". Variety.
- Babitz, Eve (1974). Eve's Hollywood. Los Angeles, Calif.: Delacorte Press/S. Lawrence. pp. x, 132, 133. ISBN 978-0-440-02339-5.
- Babitz, Eve (1977). Slow Days, Fast Company: The World, the Flesh, and L.A.: Tales by Eve Babitz. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 110, 112, 120, 153–4, 160, 171–2, 177. ISBN 0-394-40984-1.
- Ellroy, James (1988). The Big Nowhere. New York: Mysterious Press. pp. 143, 176, 183, 186, 274, 315, 344, 347.
- Dunne, Dominick (1990). An Inconvenient Woman. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. ISBN 978-0-517-57763-9.
- Dunne, Dominick (1997). Another City, Not My Own. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-609-60100-8.
- Bukowski, Charles (1995). Hollywood. Santa Rosa: Black Sparrow Press. pp. 106–108. ISBN 978-0-87685-764-9.
- Weisberger, Lauren (2010). Last Night at Chateau Marmont. New York, NY: Atria Books. ISBN 978-1-4391-3661-4.
- Connelly, Michael (2011). The Drop. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-06941-0.
- Roe, Mike (March 21, 2013). "Pay-what-you-want comic book 'The Private Eye' looks at Los Angeles in 2076". scpr.org.
- "The Private Eye – Issue 1 Previews". Panel Syndicate.
- "The Private Eye – Issue 2 Previews". Panel Syndicate.
- "The Annotated 'West L.A. Fadeaway'". Retrieved July 8, 2015.
- Ghrist, Taylor (July 31, 2018). "The Ultimate Lana Del Rey Reference Guide". i-D.
- Weiner, Jonah (February 19, 2015). "The Gospel of Father John Misty". Rolling Stone.
- Williams, Tom (August 24, 2017). "Hear Angus & Julia Stone's Silky Smooth New Song 'Chateau'". MusicFeeds.
- "Damn, Lily Allen's Back, and She's Got a Giggs Feature". Vice. December 12, 2017.
- Sayej, Nadja (May 2, 2017). "Jarvis Cocker on Writing an Album in Room 29 of the Chateau Marmont". i-D.
- Vankin, Deborah (May 14, 2012). "James Franco grabs another role with MOCA show on 'Rebel Without a Cause'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- "André Saraiva – Mr. and Mrs. A. (drawing on paper, 2018)". Danysz.
- Baseman, Gary (June 23, 2019). "Sunday Brunch at the Chateau Marmont". Facebook.
- Friedman, Vanessa (May 31, 2018). "Gucci Has a Rave in a Cemetery". New York Times. New York.
- McFadden, Robert D. (March 6, 1982). "John Belushi, Manic Comic of TV and Films Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved September 25, 2007.
John Belushi, the manic, rotund comedian whose outrageous antics and spastic impersonations on the Saturday Night Live television show propelled him to stardom in the 1970s, was found dead yesterday in a rented bungalow in Hollywood, where he had launched a film career in recent years.
- McKinley, Jesse (January 24, 2004). "Helmut Newton, Who Remade Fashion Photography, Dies at 83". The New York Times. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
Helmut Newton, the prolific, widely imitated fashion photographer whose provocative, erotically charged black-and-white photos were a mainstay of Vogue and other publications, died yesterday after a car crash in Hollywood. He was 83. The Los Angeles police told The Associated Press that Mr. Newton lost control of his Cadillac after leaving the Chateau Marmont Hotel and climbed up a wall across the street. He died at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, the agency reported.
- Works cited
- Further reading
- Levy, Shawn (2019). The Castle on Sunset: Life, Death, Love, and Art at Hollywood's Chateau Marmont. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-54316-3.
- Sarlot, Raymond R.; Basten, Fred E. (1987). Life at the Marmont: The Inside Story of Hollywood's Legendary Hotel of the Stars – Chateau Marmont. Santa Monica, Calif.: Roundtable. ISBN 978-0-915677-23-8.