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Charles Tait (February 1, 1768 – October 7, 1835) was a United States Senator from Georgia and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Alabama, the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama and the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama.

Charles Tait
CharlesTait.jpg
Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama
In office
March 10, 1824 – February 1, 1826
Appointed byoperation of law
Preceded bySeat established by 4 Stat. 9
Succeeded byWilliam Crawford
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Alabama
In office
May 13, 1820 – March 10, 1824
Appointed byJames Monroe
Preceded bySeat established by 3 Stat. 564
Succeeded bySeat abolished
United States Senator
from Georgia
In office
November 27, 1809 – March 3, 1819
Preceded byJohn Milledge
Succeeded byJohn Elliott
Personal details
Born
Charles Tait

(1768-02-01)February 1, 1768
Hanover, Colony of Virginia, British America
DiedOctober 7, 1835(1835-10-07) (aged 67)
Claiborne, Alabama
Resting placeDry Forks Cemetery
Wilcox County, Alabama
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Educationread law

Education and careerEdit

Born on February 1, 1768, near Hanover, Hanover County, Colony of Virginia, British America,[1] Tait moved to Georgia in 1783 with his parents, who settled near Petersburg.[2] He completed preparatory studies, then attended Wilkes Academy in Washington, Georgia from 1786 to 1787, and Cokesbury College in Abingdon, Maryland in 1788.[2] He was a Professor of French at Cokebury College from 1789 to 1794.[2] He read law in 1795 and was admitted to the Georgia bar.[1] He was rector and professor at Richmond Academy in Augusta, Georgia from 1795 to 1798.[2] He entered private practice in Elbert County and in Lexington, Georgia from 1798 to 1803.[2][1] He was a Judge of the Superior Court of Georgia for the Western Judicial Circuit from 1803 to 1809.[1]

Congressional serviceEdit

Tait was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the United States Senate from Georgia to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of United States Senator John Milledge,[2] winning election by one vote.[3] He was reelected in 1813 and served from November 27, 1809, to March 3, 1819.[2] He was Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Naval Affairs for the 14th and 15th United States Congresses.[2] Following his departure from Congress, he moved to Wilcox County, Alabama in 1819.[2]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Tait was nominated by President James Monroe on May 10, 1820, to the United States District Court for the District of Alabama, to a new seat authorized by 3 Stat. 564.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 13, 1820, and received his commission the same day.[1] Tait was reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama and the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama on March 10, 1824, to a new joint seat authorized by 4 Stat. 9.[1] His service terminated on February 1, 1826, due to his resignation.[1]

Later career and deathEdit

Following his resignation from the federal bench, Tait was engaged as a planter near Claiborne, Alabama.[2] He declined a mission to Great Britain in 1828.[2] He died on October 7, 1835, near Claiborne.[1] He was interred in Dry Forks Cemetery on his country estate in Wilcox County.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Charles Tait at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l United States Congress. "Charles Tait (id: T000015)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ Moffat, Charles H. (1948). "Charles Tait, Planter, Politician, and Scientist of the Old South". Journal of Southern History. 14 (2): 213. JSTOR 2198424.

External linksEdit

SourcesEdit

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
John Milledge
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Georgia
1809–1819
Succeeded by
John Elliott
Legal offices
Preceded by
Seat established by 3 Stat. 564
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Alabama
1820–1824
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Seat established by 4 Stat. 9
Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama

1824–1826
Succeeded by
William Crawford