Charles Oman

Sir Charles William Chadwick Oman, KBE, FBA (12 January 1860 – 23 June 1946) was a British military historian. His reconstructions of medieval battles from the fragmentary and distorted accounts left by chroniclers were pioneering. Occasionally his interpretations have been challenged, especially his widely copied thesis that British troops defeated their Napoleonic opponents by firepower alone[citation needed]. Paddy Griffith, among modern historians, claims that the British infantry's discipline and willingness to attack were equally important.

Charles Oman
Oman in 1940
Oman in 1940
BornCharles William Chadwick Oman
(1860-01-12)12 January 1860
Muzaffarpur district, India
Died23 June 1946(1946-06-23) (aged 86)
Oxford, United Kingdom
OccupationHistorian

Early lifeEdit

Oman was born in Muzaffarpur district, India,[1] the son of a British planter, and was educated at Winchester College and at Oxford University, where he studied under William Stubbs. Here, he was invited to become a founding member of the Stubbs Society, which was under the patronage of Oman's don.

CareerEdit

In 1881 he was elected to a Prize Fellowship at All Souls College, where he remained for the rest of his academic career. He was elected the Chichele Professor of Modern History at Oxford in 1905, in succession to Montagu Burrows. He was also elected to the FBA that year, and served as President of the Royal Historical Society (1917–1921), the Numismatic Society and the Royal Archaeological Institute.

Oman's academic career was interrupted by the First World War, during which he was employed by the government's Press Bureau and the Foreign Office.

Oman was the Conservative Member of Parliament for the University of Oxford constituency from 1919 to 1935, and was knighted KBE in the 1920 civilian war honours list.[2]

HonoursEdit

He became an honorary fellow of New College in 1936, and received the honorary degrees of DCL (Oxford, 1926) and LL.D (Edinburgh, 1911 and Cambridge, 1927). He was awarded the Medal of the Royal Numismatic Society in 1928.[3] He died at Oxford aged 86.

ChildrenEdit

Two of Oman's children became authors. His son Charles (C. C. Oman) wrote several volumes on British silverware and similar houseware, worked as a Keeper of the Department of Metalwork in the Victoria and Albert Museum,[4] and was active in the Folklore Society[5] (and was in turn father to Julia Trevelyan Oman). His daughter Carola Oman was notable for her historical biographies.

WorksEdit

1880sEdit

  • The Art of War in the Middle Ages (1885)
  • "The Anglo-Norman and Angevin Administrative System (1100–1265)", in Essays Introductory to the Study of English Constitutional History (1887)
  • A History of Greece From the Earliest Times to the Death of Alexander the Great (1888; 7th ed., 1900; 8th ed., rev., 1905)

1890sEdit

  • Warwick the Kingmaker (1891)[6]
  • The Story of the Byzantine Empire (1892)
  • The Dark Ages 476–918, Period I of Periods of European History (1893; 5th ed. 1905)
  • A History of England (1895; 2nd ed. 1919)
  • A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages, Vol. I: A.D. 378–1278 (1898; 2nd ed. 1924)
  • A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages, Vol. II: A.D. 1278–1485 (1898; 2nd ed. 1924)
  • England and the Hundred Years War, 1327–1485 A.D. (1898), No. III of The Oxford Manuals of English History, Charles Oman, ed.
  • "Alfred as a Warrior", in Alfred The Great, Alfred Bowker, ed. (1899)
  • Reign of George VI, 1900-1925. A Forecast Written in the Year 1763 (preface and notes) (1763; republished 1899)

1900sEdit

1910sEdit

  • A History of England Before the Norman Conquest (1910; 8th ed. 1937), Vol. I of A History of England in Seven Volumes (1904–), Charles Oman, ed.
  • A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. IV: Dec. 1810 – Dec. 1811 (1911)
  • Wellington's Army, 1809–1814 (1912)
  • A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. V: Oct. 1811 – Aug. 1812 (1914)
  • The Outbreak of the War of 1914–18: A Narrative Based Mainly on British Official Documents (1919)

1920sEdit

1930sEdit

  • A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. VII: Aug. 1813 – Apr. 1814 (1930)
  • The Coinage of England (1931)
  • Things I Have Seen (1933)
  • "The Necessity for the Reformation" (1933) (public lecture)
  • A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth century (1937)
  • The Sixteenth century (1937)
  • On the Writing of History (1939)

1940sEdit

  • Memories of Victorian Oxford and of Some Early Years (1941)
  • The Lyons Mail (1945)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "OMAN, Charles William Chadwick". Who's Who. 59. 1907. p. 332.
  2. ^ "No. 31840". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 March 1920. p. 3759.
  3. ^ "The Royal Numismatic Society-The Society's Medal". The Royal Numismatic Society. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Society Meetings, 18 June 1958". Folklore. 69 (3): 216. 1958. JSTOR 1258870.
  5. ^ "Minutes of Meeting: June 15, 1949". Folklore. 60 (3): 305–306. 1949. doi:10.1080/0015587X.1949.9717940. JSTOR 1256648.
  6. ^ Tait, James (October 1892). "Review of Warwick the Kingmaker by Charles W. Oman". The English Historical Review. 7: 761–767.
  7. ^ "Review of A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. II, January–September 1809 by Charles Oman". The Athenæum (3953): 145–146. 1 August 1903.
  8. ^ Tait, James. (January 1907). "Review of The Great Revolt of 1381 by Charles Oman". The English Historical Review. 22: 161–164.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Hugh Cecil
Rowland Prothero
Member of Parliament for Oxford University
19191935
With: Lord Hugh Cecil
Succeeded by
Lord Hugh Cecil
A. P. Herbert
Academic offices
Preceded by
Charles Harding Firth
President of the Royal Historical Society
1917–1921
Succeeded by
John William Fortescue