Sir Charles William Chadwick Oman, military historian. His reconstructions of medieval battles from the fragmentary and distorted accounts left by chroniclers were pioneering. Occasionally his interpretations have been challenged, especially his widely copied thesis that British troops defeated their Napoleonic opponents by firepower alone. Paddy Griffith, among modern historians, argues that the British infantry's discipline and willingness to attack were equally important.(12 January 1860 – 23 June 1946) was a British
|Born||Charles William Chadwick Oman|
12 January 1860
Muzaffarpur district, India
|Died||23 June 1946 (aged 86)|
Oxford, United Kingdom
|Alma mater||University of Oxford|
Early life edit
Oman was born in Muzaffarpur district, India, the son of a British planter, and was educated at Winchester College and at the University of Oxford, where he studied under William Stubbs. Here, he was invited to become a founding member of the Stubbs Society, which was under Stubbs's patronage.
In 1881 he was elected to a Prize Fellowship at All Souls College, where he remained for the rest of his academic career. He was elected the Chichele Professor of Modern History at Oxford in 1905, in succession to Montagu Burrows. He was also elected to the FBA that year, and served as president of the Royal Historical Society (1917–1921), the Numismatic Society and the Royal Archaeological Institute.
The parody history book 1066 and All That, published in 1930, includes the dedication "Absit Oman", a distortion of the Latin phrase "Absit omen". It can be translated as "may Oman be absent", reflecting the prominence of Oman among English historians at the time.
He became an honorary fellow of New College in 1936, and received the honorary degrees of DCL (Oxford, 1926) and LL.D (Edinburgh, 1911 and Cambridge, 1927). He was awarded the Medal of the Royal Numismatic Society in 1928. He died at Oxford aged 86.
Two of Oman's children became authors. His daughter Carola Oman CBE was a writer of history, biography, and fiction for adults and children, including a retelling of the Robin Hood legend and biographies of Admiral Lord Nelson and Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore. His son Charles C. Oman wrote several volumes on British silverware and similar houseware, worked as a Keeper of the Department of Metalwork in the Victoria and Albert Museum, and was active in the Folklore Society (and was in turn father to Julia Trevelyan Oman).
- The Art of War in the Middle Ages (1885)
- "The Anglo-Norman and Angevin Administrative System (1100–1265)", in Essays Introductory to the Study of English Constitutional History (1887)
- A History of Greece From the Earliest Times to the Death of Alexander the Great (1888; 7th ed., 1900; 8th ed., rev., 1905)
- Warwick the Kingmaker (1891)
- The Byzantine Empire (1892)
- The Dark Ages 476–918, Period I of Periods of European History (1893; 5th ed. 1905)
- A History of England (1895; 2nd ed. 1919)
- A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages, Vol. I: A.D. 378–1278 (1898; 2nd ed. 1924)
- A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages, Vol. II: A.D. 1278–1485 (1898; 2nd ed. 1924)
- England and the Hundred Years War, 1327–1485 A.D. (1898), No. III of The Oxford Manuals of English History, Charles Oman, ed.
- "Alfred as a Warrior", in Alfred The Great, Alfred Bowker, ed. (1899)
- Reign of George VI, 1900-1925. A Forecast Written in the Year 1763 (preface and notes) (1763; republished 1899)
- England in the Nineteenth Century (1900)
- A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. I: 1807–1809 (1902)
- Seven Roman Statesmen of the Later Roman Republic (1902)
- A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. II: Jan. 1809-Sep. 1809 (1903)
- "The Peninsular War, 1808–14", in The Cambridge Modern History, Vol. IX, Napoleon (1906)
- "The Hundred Days, 1815", in The Cambridge Modern History, Vol. IX, Napoleon (1906)
- "Inaugural lecture on the study of history" (1906), in Oxford Lectures on University Studies, 1906–1921 (1924)
- The Great Revolt of 1381 (1906) (See The Great Revolt of 1381.)
- The History of England from the Accession of Richard II. to the Death of Richard III. (1377–1485), Vol. IV of The Political History of England (1906), William Hunt & Reginald Poole, ed.
- A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. III: Sep. 1809 – Dec. 1810 (1908)
- A History of England Before the Norman Conquest (1910; 8th ed. 1937), Vol. I of A History of England in Seven Volumes (1904–), Charles Oman, ed.
- A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. IV: Dec. 1810 – Dec. 1811 (1911)
- Wellington's Army, 1809–1814 (1912)
- A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. V: Oct. 1811 – Aug. 1812 (1914)
- The Outbreak of the War of 1914–18: A Narrative Based Mainly on British Official Documents (1919)
- A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. VI: Sep. 1812 – Aug. 1813 (1922)
- The Unfortunate Colonel Despard & Other Studies (1922)
- Castles (1926)
- "The Duke of Wellington", in Political Principles of Some Notable Prime Ministers of the Nineteenth Century, Fossey John Cobb Hearnshaw, ed. (1926)
- Studies in the Napoleonic Wars (1929)
- A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. VII: Aug. 1813 – Apr. 1814 (1930)
- The Coinage of England (1931)
- Things I Have Seen (1933)
- "The Necessity for the Reformation" (1933) (public lecture)
- A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth Century (1937)
- The Sixteenth century (1937)
- On the Writing of History (1939)
- Memories of Victorian Oxford and of Some Early Years (1941)
- The Lyons Mail (1945)
- "OMAN, Charles William Chadwick". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 332.
- "No. 31840". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 March 1920. p. 3759.
- "The Royal Numismatic Society-The Society's Medal". The Royal Numismatic Society. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "Society Meetings, 18 June 1958". Folklore. 69 (3): 216. 1958. JSTOR 1258870.
- "Minutes of Meeting: June 15, 1949". Folklore. 60 (3): 305–306. 1949. doi:10.1080/0015587X.1949.9717940. JSTOR 1256648.
- Tait, James (October 1892). "Review of Warwick the Kingmaker by Charles W. Oman". The English Historical Review. 7: 761–767.
- "Review of A History of the Peninsular War, Vol. II, January–September 1809 by Charles Oman". The Athenæum (3953): 145–146. 1 August 1903.
- Tait, James. (January 1907). "Review of The Great Revolt of 1381 by Charles Oman". The English Historical Review. 22: 161–164. doi:10.1093/ehr/XXII.LXXXV.161.