Charles Marr

Sir Charles William Clanan Marr KCVO, DSO, MC (23 March 1880 – 20 October 1960) was an Australian politician, engineer and soldier. He was a member of cabinet under prime ministers Stanley Bruce and Joseph Lyons, serving as Minister for Home and Territories (1927–1928), Works and Railways (1932), Health (1932–1934), and Repatriation (1932–1934). He was a member of the House of Representatives for over 20 years, representing the New South Wales seat of Parkes (1919–1929, 1931–1943). Prior to entering politics he was an officer with the Australian Imperial Force during World War I, winning the Distinguished Service Order and Military Cross for his service on the Mesopotamian campaign.

Charles Marr
Sir Charles Marr (cropped).jpg
Minister for Repatriation
In office
12 April 1932 – 12 October 1934
Prime MinisterJoseph Lyons
Preceded byCharles Hawker
Succeeded byBilly Hughes
Minister for Health
In office
6 January 1932 – 12 October 1934
Prime MinisterJoseph Lyons
Preceded byJohn McNeill
Succeeded byBilly Hughes
Minister for Works and Railways
In office
6 January 1932 – 12 April 1932
Prime MinisterJoseph Lyons
Preceded byAlbert Green
Succeeded byAbolished
Minister for Home and Territories
In office
2 April 1927 – 24 February 1928
Prime MinisterStanley Bruce
Preceded byWilliam Glasgow
Succeeded byNeville Howse
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Parkes
In office
31 January 1931 – 21 August 1943
Preceded byEdward McTiernan
Succeeded byLes Haylen
In office
13 December 1919 – 12 October 1929
Preceded byBruce Smith
Succeeded byEdward McTiernan
Personal details
Born(1880-03-23)23 March 1880
Petersham, New South Wales, Australia
Died20 October 1960(1960-10-20) (aged 80)
Pymble, New South Wales, Australia
Political partyNationalist (to 1931)
UAP (from 1931)
SpouseEthel May Ritchie
EducationNewington College
Sydney Technical College
OccupationElectrical engineer
Military service
AllegianceAustralia
Branch/serviceAustralian Army
Years of service1898–c.1920s
RankMajor
Battles/warsFirst World War
AwardsKnight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Distinguished Service Order
Military Cross
Mentioned in Despatches (2)

Early life and military careerEdit

Marr was born on 23 March 1880 in Petersham, New South Wales, the son of Ellen (née Nilson) and James Clanan Marr. His mother was born in Ireland and his father, a bootmaker, was born in Hobart. Marr was educated at Fort Street Model School, Newington College (1895)[1] and Sydney Technical College, graduating as an electrical engineer. He joined the state Postmaster-General's Department and transferred to the federal Postmaster-General's Department in 1901. He married Ethel May Ritchie in September 1905. He took an early interest in radio broadcasting and developed this interest while in military service with the first Australian Imperial Force during World War I in Mesopotamia. He received a Military Cross in 1917 and a Distinguished Service Order in 1918.[2]

Political careerEdit

Marr commenced his political career by winning the Nationalist Party endorsement for the seat of Parkes from the incumbent Bruce Smith, and easily won the seat in the 1919 general election.

In October 1927, he urged the Australian parliament not to highlight the past mistreatment of indigenous Australians, in order to preserve the White Australia policy:[3]

To review the past (...) would be to unjustly misrepresent the conditions that obtain today. If we were to broadcast to the world that nearly 100 years ago the aborigines were treated in a dastardly way-and admittedly they were-we should do injury to our White Australia policy; whereas we wish to convince the world that we are as mindful of our black brethren as of the whites.

In 1929, as an honorary minister in the Bruce–Page Government, Marr was sent to represent Australia at the League of Nations. On the journey to Europe he developed a friendship with Amanullah Khan, the recently deposed king of Afghanistan; they conversed in French. He subsequently gave an account of their meetings to an Australian correspondent.[4]

Marr lost the seat of Parkes to Edward McTiernan at the 1929 federal election. However, he regained Parkes at a 1931 by-election when McTiernan resigned to join the High Court of Australia and held the seat until 1943, initially as a Nationalist and later as a member of the United Australia Party. Marr held a number of cabinet posts in the Bruce and Lyons governments, including Home and Territories, Works and Railways, Health and Repatriation.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Marr died in the Sydney suburb of Pymble, survived by his wife, two sons and two daughters. He was made a knight of the Royal Victorian Order in 1934 for his role in organising the Australian tour of the Duke of Gloucester.[2]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Newington College Register of Past Students 1863–1998 (Syd, 1999) pp. 126
  2. ^ a b c Lloyd, C. J. (1986). "Marr, Sir Charles William Clanan (1880–1960)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 10 November 2007 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  3. ^ John Summers (31 October 2000). "The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia and Indigenous Peoples 1901–1967". Research Paper 10 2000–01. Parliament of Australia. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
  4. ^ "Mr. Marr meets Amanullah". The Herald. 9 July 1929.
Political offices
Preceded by Minister for Home and Territories
1927–28
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister for Works and Railways
1932
Title abolished
New title Minister in charge of Territories
1932
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister for Health
1932–34
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister for Repatriation
1932–34
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by Member for Parkes
1919–29
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member for Parkes
1931–43
Succeeded by