Charles J. Jenkins
Charles Jones Jenkins (January 6, 1805 – June 14, 1883) was an American politician from Georgia.
Charles Jones Jenkins
|44th Governor of Georgia|
December 14, 1865 – January 13, 1868
|Preceded by||James Johnson|
|Succeeded by||Thomas H. Ruger|
|Attorney General of Georgia|
|Born||January 6, 1805|
Beaufort, South Carolina
|Died||June 14, 1883 (aged 78)|
|Alma mater||Union College|
University of Georgia
Jenkins was born in South Carolina. His family moved to Jefferson County, Georgia, and he attended the University of Georgia in Athens at a young age; his exact dates of attendance are not known. Jenkins left the university before graduating and finished his education in 1824 at Union College in Schenectady, New York. In 1831 Jenkins succeeded George W. Crawford as attorney general for the State of Georgia, himself succeeded in 1834 by Ebenezer Starnes.
Jenkins first gained widespread attention as the author of the Georgia Platform, a proclamation by a special state convention that endorsed the Compromise of 1850. In the 1852 Presidential election, he ran for Vice President under presidential candidate Daniel Webster for the "Union Party". During the American Civil War, he was appointed by Governor Joseph E. Brown as a justice of the Supreme Court of Georgia.
After a state constitutional convention in 1865 re-established Georgia's state government, he ran as the only candidate for governor. He served as the Governor of Georgia from 1865 to 1868, during Reconstruction. In 1868, he refused to allow state funds to be used for a racially integrated state constitutional convention that was supervised by the U.S. military occupation. In response, General George Meade (of the Third Military District) installed Brig. General Thomas H. Ruger as military governor and Jenkins fled the state, taking with him the state seal to thwart state fund payments which had been ordered by the United States military authority. He later returned.
In the 1872 U.S. presidential election, he received two electoral college votes. In that election, Liberal Republican candidate Horace Greeley died after the election but before the electors convened and so two electors from Georgia cast their votes for Jenkins.
In the state constitutional convention of 1877, delegates unanimously chose Jenkins as president of the convention when they assembled on July 11, 1877.
Death and legacyEdit
- Reed, Thomas Walter. "History of the University of Georgia". Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Jones, Charles Colcock; Dutcher, Salem (1890). Memorial History of Augusta, Georgia : from Its Settlement in 1735 to 1890. Syracuse, NY: D. Mason & Co., Publishers. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- McCrary, Royce (Winter 1970). "The Authorship of the Georgia Platform of 1850: A Letter by Charles J. Jenkins". Georgia Historical Quarterly. 54 (4): 585. JSTOR 40579248.
- Remillard, Arthur (2011). Southern Civil Religions : Imagining the Good Society in the Post-Reconstruction Era. 2011: University of Georgia Press. p. 19. ISBN 9780820336855. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- "The Great Seal of Georgia". GeorgiaInfo: an Online Georgia Almanac. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Knight, Lucian Lamar (1917). A Standard History of Georgia and Georgians. 2. Lewish publishing Company. p. 830. OCLC 1855247.
- "Presidential electors in 1872". Electoral College Vote Lists, Elections Division, Secretary of State, RG 02-02-025-08, Georgia Archives. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Garrison, Ellen (Winter 2006). "Reactionaries or Reformers? Membership and Leadership of the Georgia Constitutional Convention of 1877". Georgia Historical Quarterly. 90 (4). Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 120. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
- Jenkins at New Georgia Encyclopedia
- Jenkins at OurGeorgiaHistory.com
- Charles J. Jenkins at Find a Grave
George W. Crawford
| Attorney General of Georgia
| Governor of Georgia
Thomas H. Ruger