Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Charles Frederick (German: Karl Friedrich; 2 February 1783 – 8 July 1853) was the reigning Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Charles Frederick
Karl Friedrich of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.jpg
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Reign14 June 1828 to 8 July 1853
PredecessorCharles Augustus
SuccessorCharles Alexander
Born(1783-02-02)2 February 1783
Died8 July 1853(1853-07-08) (aged 70)
Schloss Belvedere, Weimar
(m. 1804)
IssuePrince Charles
Marie, Princess Charles of Prussia
Augusta, German Empress; Queen of Prussia
Charles Alexander
FatherCharles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
MotherLouisa of Hesse-Darmstadt


Born in Weimar, he was the eldest son of Charles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Luise Auguste of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Charles Frederick succeeded his father as Grand Duke when the latter died in 1828. His capital, Weimar, continued to be a cultural center of Central Europe, even after the death of Goethe in 1832. Johann Nepomuk Hummel made his career in Weimar as Kapellmeister until his death in 1837. Franz Liszt settled in Weimar in 1848 as Kapellmeister and gathered about him a circle that kept the Weimar court a major musical centre. Due to the intervention of Liszt, the composer Richard Wagner found refuge in Weimar after he was forced to flee Saxony for his role in the revolutionary disturbances there in 1848-49. Wagner's opera Lohengrin was first performed in Weimar in August 1850.

Charles Frederick died at Schloss Belvedere, Weimar, in 1853 and was buried in the Weimarer Fürstengruft.

Family and childrenEdit

Obverse of a Charles Frederick thaler, 1841.

In St. Petersburg on 3 August 1804, Charles Frederick married the Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia, daughter of Emperor Paul I.[1][2] They had four children:



  1. ^ The Edinburgh almanack, or Universal Scots and imperial register. Printed by Oliver & Boyd. 1833.
  2. ^ A hand-book for travellers on the continent. J. Murray. 1838.
Preceded by
Karl August
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Succeeded by
Karl Alexander