Charles Foulkes (Canadian Army officer)
General Charles Foulkes
|Born||3 January 1903|
|Died||12 September 1969 (aged 66)|
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
|Years of service||1926–1960|
|Unit||The Royal Canadian Regiment|
|Commands held||Chief of the General Staff|
Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff
I Canadian Corps
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Companion of the Order of Canada|
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Canadian Forces Decoration
Commander of the Legion of Honour (France)
In 1939, Foulkes was serving as a major with the 3rd Brigade of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division. He went on to be a General Staff Officer with 3rd Canadian Infantry Division. After serving as a Brigade Commander from August 1942, he was appointed General Officer Commanding 2nd Canadian Infantry Division in January 1944 and led the division through the Normandy Campaign. In November 1944 he was made General Officer Commanding I Canadian Corps in Italy.
On 4 May 1945, south of Hamburg, Field Marshal Sir Bernard Law Montgomery accepted the unconditional surrender of the German forces in the Netherlands, northwest Germany including all islands, in Denmark and all naval ships in those areas. The surrender preceded the end of World War II in Europe and was signed in a carpeted tent at Montgomery's headquarters on the Timeloberg hill at Wendisch Evern.
On 5 May 1945, Foulkes summoned German General Blaskowitz to the Hotel de Wereld ("Hotel the World") in Wageningen to discuss the surrender of German forces in the Netherlands. His Royal Highness Prince Bernhard, acting as commander in chief of the Dutch Interior Forces, attended the meeting as well. Blaskowitz agreed with all of the proposals made by Foulkes. However, nowhere in the building – some sources claim: nowhere in the whole town – could a typewriter be found. Thus the surrender document could not be typed. The next day, May 6, both parties returned, and in the presence of both General Foulkes and Prince Bernhard, Blaskowitz signed the surrender document which in the meantime had been typed.
His medals and other personal artifacts are on display at the Royal Canadian Regiment Museum in London, Ontario. He was awarded the Honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D) from the University of Western Ontario on 11 June 1947.
John Carl Murchie
| Chief of the General Staff
21 August 1945 – 1 February 1951
Guy Granville Simonds
| Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff
Frank Robert Miller