Charles Cavendish, 3rd Baron Chesham
Brigadier General Charles Compton William Cavendish, 3rd Baron Chesham (13 December 1850 – 9 November 1907), styled The Honourable Charles Cavendish between 1863 and 1882, was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative politician. He served as the last Master of the Buckhounds under Lord Salisbury from 1900 to 1901.
The Lord Chesham
|Master of the Buckhounds|
1 November 1900 – 1901
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Salisbury|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Coventry|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|Born||13 December 1850|
Burlington House, London
|Died||9 November 1907 (aged 56)|
near Daventry, Northamptonshire
|Spouse(s)||Lady Beatrice Constance Grosvenor|
|Years of service||1870–1907|
10th Royal Hussars
|Battles/wars||Second Boer War|
A member of the Cavendish family headed by the Duke of Devonshire, Chesham was the eldest son of William Cavendish, 2nd Baron Chesham and his wife Henrietta Frances Lascelles, daughter of William Lascelles. He was educated at Eton College.
In November 1900, he was appointed Master of the Buckhounds under Lord Salisbury. However, as Chesham was serving in South Africa, Lord Churchill was appointed to act as Master of the Buckhounds in his absence. Chesham remained Master until the office was abolished the following year. He was admitted to the Privy Council in July 1901, and also served as a Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales (later King George V) from 1901 to 1907.
He entered the Coldstream Guards in 1870. Three years later, he joined the 10th Royal Hussars as a captain, and 1878 joined the 16th Lancers. Chesham held an appointment as lieutenant colonel of the Royal Buckinghamshire Hussars Yeomanry from 1889. In January 1900 he was appointed in command of the 10th battalion of the Imperial Yeomanry (which included companies from Buckinghamshire, Berkshire and Oxfordshire), serving in the Second Boer War, and received the temporary rank of colonel in the army. He left Southampton on board the SS Norman in early February 1900, and arrived in South Africa the following month.
Later that year, he was promoted to brigadier general and in November 1900 appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) for his services (he was invested by King Edward VII at Marlborough House on 25 July 1901 during a brief visit to London). From 1901 he was inspector general of Imperial Yeomanry in South Africa, with the local rank of major-general. He relinquished his commission and was granted the honorary rank of major-general in the Army on 22 January 1902, leaving South Africa the following month by the steamer RMS Kinfauns Castle. After his return to the United Kingdom, he was in late April 1902 appointed Inspector General of Imperial Yeomanry (at Army Headquarters) with the temporary rank of major-general whilst so employed.
Lord Chesham was appointed to honorary colonel of the Buckinghamshire Imperial Yeomanry (Royal Bucks Hussars) on 19 March 1902. There is a bronze statue commemorating his life and deeds located in the Market Square in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, which has Grade II Listed Building status.
- 2nd Lieutenant the Honourable Charles William Hugh Cavendish (13 September 1878 – 11 June 1900), in the 17th Lancers, killed in action near Pretoria during the Second Boer War
- Honourable Lilah Constance Cavendish Sir Mervyn Manningham-Buller, 3rd Baronet (1876–1956), mother of Reginald Manningham-Buller, 1st Viscount Dilhorne (20 March 1884 – 27 April 1944), married 1903
- Honourable Marjorie Beatrice Cavendish (18 September 1888 – 2 July 1897)
- John Compton Cavendish, 4th Baron Chesham (13 June 1894 – 26 April 1952)
Lady Chesham joined her husband in South Africa in early 1900. She was appointed a Lady of Grace of the Order of St. John (DStJ) in July 1901, and in December the same year received the decoration of the Royal Red Cross (RRC) for her services with the Imperial Yeomanry Hospital during the Boer War.
Lord Chesham was killed in November 1907 a after a fox-hunting accident near Daventry. He was thrown from his horse and suffered a dislocated neck. He was succeeded in the barony by his second but eldest surviving son John, then aged 13. After his death, in 1910, Lady Chesham remarried Maj. John Alexander Moncreiffe , son of Sir Thomas Moncreiffe, 7th Baronet.
- "Obituary: Lord Chesham". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 11 November 1907. p. 10.
- "No. 27243". The London Gazette. 2 November 1900. p. 6689.
- "No. 27338". The London Gazette. 26 July 1901. p. 4919.
- "No. 27378". The London Gazette. 19 November 1901. p. 7472.
- "No. 27155". The London Gazette. 19 January 1900. p. 362.
- "No. 27156". The London Gazette. 23 January 1900. p. 428.
- "The War - Embarcation of Troops". The Times (36063). London. 12 February 1900. p. 10.
- "No. 27306". The London Gazette. 19 April 1901. p. 2696.
- "No. 27427". The London Gazette. 22 April 1902. p. 2689.
- "The War - movements of troops". The Times (36672). London. 23 January 1902. p. 8.
- "No. 27428". The London Gazette. 25 April 1902. p. 2794.
- "No. 27417". The London Gazette. 18 March 1902. p. 1887.
- Statue with Grade II Listed Building status Heritage Gateway website
- Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 761–763. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- "Court Circular". The Times (36091). London. 16 March 1900. p. 6.
- "No. 27330". The London Gazette. 5 July 1901. p. 4469.
- "Court circular". The Times (36641). London. 18 December 1901. p. 6.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Lord Chesham
The Earl of Coventry
| Master of the Buckhounds
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
William George Cavendish
| Baron Chesham
John Compton Cavendish