Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours
Charles Amadeus of Savoy (French: Charles-Amédée de Savoie), Duke of Nemours (12 April 1624 – 30 July 1652) was a French military leader and magnate. He was the father of the penultimate Duchess of Savoy and of a Queen of Portugal.
|Duke of Nemours|
|Born||12 April 1624|
|Died||30 July 1652 (aged 28)|
Notre Dame d'Annecy, Annecy
|Spouse||Élisabeth de Bourbon|
|Issue||Marie Jeanne, Duchess of Savoy|
Marie Françoise, Queen of Portugal
|House||Savoy (Nemours branch)|
|Father||Henri of Savoy, Duc de Nemours|
|Mother||Anne of Lorraine|
Charles Amadeus served in the Army of Flanders in 1645, and in the following year commanded the light cavalry at the siege of Kortrijk. In 1652 he took part in the war of the Fronde, and fought at Bleneau and at the Faubourg St Antoine, where he was wounded.
On 11 July 1643 he married, at the Louvre, Élisabeth de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Vendôme, the daughter of César, Duke of Vendôme, the legitimised son of King Henry IV of France by his mistress, Gabrielle d'Estrées. Her mother was the wealthy heiress, Françoise de Lorraine (1592–1669), the daughter of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur.
Charles Amadeus had several children: two daughters, three sons and a stillborn child of unrecorded gender. Only his two daughters survived him;
- Marie Jeanne Baptiste of Savoy, Mademoiselle de Nemours (1644–1724), who married Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy, in 1665, and had issue;
- Stillborn child
- Marie Françoise Élisabeth of Savoy, Mademoiselle d'Aumale (1646–1683), who married king Alphonso VI of Portugal, in 1666 and afterwards Alphonso's younger brother, Pedro, Duke of Beja, regent of Portugal, and had issue.
- Joseph of Savoy (1649–1649)
- Francis of Savoy (1650–1650)
- Charles Amadeus of Savoy (1651–1651)
Charles Amadeus was killed by his brother-in-law, François de Bourbon, Duke of Beaufort in a duel in 1652. He was buried at the Notre Dame d'Annecy in Annecy, the capital of the Genevois, of which the Dukes of Nemours were also counts. Charles Amadeus' brother Henri, who had been archbishop of Reims, withdrew from orders in order to succeed him in the title of Duke of Nemours.
|Ancestors of Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours|
- Noble Strategies in an Early Modern Small State Page 64 Charles T. Lipp – 2011 "... marriages, notable among them one to Marie Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, and one to Marie-Jeanne-Baptiste de Savoie, daughter of Charles Amédée of Savoy, Duke de Nemours, a project that advanced quite far."
- Oresko 2004, p. 18.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nemours, Lords and Dukes of, s.v. Charles Amadeus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 370. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the
- Oresko 2004, p. 17.
- Anne Commire, Deborah Klezmer Women in world history: a biographical encyclopedia Volume 10 - Page 388- 2001 "Born Marie de Savoie-Nemours on June 21, 1646; died on December 27, 1683; daughter of Charles Amedee of Savoy (who was killed in a celebrated duel with his brother-in-law, Francois de Vendome, duke of Beaufort).. "