Charles Agar, 1st Earl of Normanton

For others named Charles Agar, see the Charles Agar navigation page

Charles Agar, 1st Earl of Normanton (22 December 1736 – 14 July 1809), was an Anglo-Irish Protestant clergyman. He served as Archbishop of Dublin from 1801 to 1809.[1]

The Most Reverend

The Earl of Normanton

Archbishop of Dublin
Bishop of Glendalough
Primate of Ireland
Charles Agar, Earl of Normanton, Abp Dublin.jpg
ChurchChurch of Ireland
DioceseDublin and Glendalough
Appointed7 December 1801
In office1801-1809
PredecessorRobert Fowler
SuccessorEuseby Cleaver
Orders
Consecration20 March 1768
by Arthur Smyth
Personal details
Born(1736-12-22)22 December 1736
Gowran Castle, County Kilkenny, Kingdom of Ireland
Died14 July 1809(1809-07-14) (aged 72)
London, England
BuriedWestminster Abbey
NationalityIrish
DenominationAnglican
ParentsHenry Agar and Anne Ellis
SpouseJane Benson
Children4
Previous postBishop of Cloyne (1768-1779)
Archbishop of Cashel (1779-1801)
EducationWestminster School
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Agar was the third son of Henry Agar of Gowran in County Kilkenny and his wife Anne Ellis, daughter of the Most Reverend Welbore Ellis, Bishop of Meath. James Agar, 1st Viscount Clifden was his elder brother and Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip his maternal uncle.

He was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford.[2]

Agar served as Dean of Kilmore (1765–1768)[3] and Bishop of Cloyne (1768–1779).[4][5] In 1779 he was admitted to the Irish Privy Council and appointed Archbishop of Cashel,[6][7] which was an archbishopric until 1838, an office he held until 1801, and was then Archbishop of Dublin from 1801 to 1809.[8][9] Agar is known to have held particularly marked Calvinistic positions.

In 1794 Agar was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Somerton.[10] In 1801 he was created Viscount Somerton[10] and in 1806 he was even further honoured when he was made Earl of Normanton.[11] These titles were also in the Peerage of Ireland. From 1800 to 1809 he sat in the House of Lords as one of the 28 original Irish Representative Peers.[12]

Lord Normanton died in July 1809, aged 72, and was succeeded in his secular titles by his son Welbore Ellis Agar. He is buried in the north transept of Westminster Abbey; his widow Jane, Countess of Normanton was buried alongside him following her death in 1826.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Charles Agar, 1st Earl of Normanton. thePeerage.com. Retrieved on 26 August 2009.
  2. ^ a b "CHARLES AGAR, EARL OF NORMANTON". Westminster Abbey.
  3. ^ Cotton 1849, p. 174.
  4. ^ Cotton 1851, p. 302.
  5. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, p. 385.
  6. ^ Cotton 1851, p. 22.
  7. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, p. 381.
  8. ^ Cotton 1848, p. 27.
  9. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, p. 391.
  10. ^ a b Somerton. Leigh Rayment. Retrieved on 26 August 2009.
  11. ^ Normanton. Leigh Rayment. Retrieved on 26 August 2009.
  12. ^ Representative Peers - Ireland. Leigh Rayment. Retrieved on 26 August 2009.
  • Cotton, Henry (1848). The Succession of the Prelates and Members of the Cathedral Bodies of Ireland. Fasti ecclesiae Hiberniae. Vol. 2, The Province of Leinster. Dublin: Hodges and Smith.
  • Cotton, Henry (1849). The Succession of the Prelates and Members of the Cathedral Bodies of Ireland. Fasti ecclesiae Hiberniae. Vol. 3, The Province of Ulster. Dublin: Hodges and Smith.
  • Cotton, Henry (1851). The Succession of the Prelates and Members of the Cathedral Bodies of Ireland. Fasti ecclesiae Hiberniae. Vol. 1, The Province of Munster (2nd Edition, corrected and enlarged ed.). Dublin: Hodges and Smith.
  • Malcolmson, A.P.W. (2002). Archbishop Charles Agar: Churchmanship and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Ireland, 1760-1810. Dublin: Four Courts Press. ISBN 1-85182-694-7.
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 385. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
Church of Ireland titles
Preceded by
Frederick Augustus Hervey
Bishop of Cloyne
1768–1779
Succeeded by
George Chinnery
Preceded by
Michael Cox
Archbishop of Cashel
1779–1801
Succeeded by
Charles Broderick
Preceded by
Robert Fowler
Archbishop of Dublin
1801–1809
Succeeded by
Euseby Cleaver
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Earl of Normanton
1806–1809
Succeeded by
Welbore Ellis Agar
Viscount Somerton
1801–1809
Baron Somerton
1794–1809