Open main menu

Charkhi Dadri is a city and headquarters of Charkhi Dadri district in the state of Haryana, India, about 90 km from Delhi.[1] The town was made by joining the villages of Charkhi and Dadri after urban development. Charkhi Dadri, located in southern Haryana 110 kilometres (68 mi) from the national capital of New Delhi, is on NH 148B between Narnaul to Bathinda and NH 348B between Meerut to Pilani segment passing through the city.

Charkhi Dadri
City
Charkhi Dadri is located in Haryana
Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri
Location in Haryana, India
Charkhi Dadri is located in India
Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri (India)
Coordinates: 28°35′N 76°16′E / 28.59°N 76.27°E / 28.59; 76.27Coordinates: 28°35′N 76°16′E / 28.59°N 76.27°E / 28.59; 76.27
Country India
StateHaryana
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • SpokenHaryanavi, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
127306
Telephone code01250
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR 19 HR 84 (Commercial)
Nearest cityKosli, Bhiwani,. Rohtak
Sex ratio54:46 /
Literacy70%
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDadri (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
ClimateDry (Köppen)
Websitecharkhidadri.gov.in

EtymologyEdit

"Dadri" is derived from a lake called Dadar which was full of dadur (Sanskrit: frog) from which it took its current name. To distinguish Dadri from other similarly named places in the area, sometimes Dadri's name was appended to the nearby village of Charkhi. After India became independent, in recognition of contribution of people of Charki village during the first war of independence in 1857 against the British colonial rule and Praja Mandala movement against the oppressive rule of the Jind State, the government officially named the town as Charkhi-Dadri.[2]

When Ramkrishna Dalmia, the founder of Dalmia Group, established a cement factory at Dadri during the rule of Jind State, the town was renamed as "Dalmia Dadri" on request of Sir Ganga Ram Kaul who was then Chief Minister of Jind State, which was renamed to "Charkhi Dadri" when Jind State was merged with Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) in 1948.[2]

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

The town was founded around the 14th century by a Chauhan Rajput Bilhan Singh , a descendant of Prithviraj Chauhan, who came to this area from Ajmer.[2]

According to the oral tradition, he saw a cow and lion drinking water side by side at dadur lake. Intrigued by the sight, he went to a nearby cottage where a Mahatma named Swami Dayal lived. Bilhan Singh sought Mahatma's blessings and was told that if he made the place his home, his family would be blessed and would rule over it in the future.[2]

Mughal eraEdit

During the medieval times, Dadri was also a pargana (district) and riyasat (state). Mughal emperors Akbar and Farrukhsiyar both issued firmans (housed in Red Fort Archaeological Museum and "Rao Harnarian Singh Dhan Collection of Charkhi Dadri" respectively) to grant land to zamindars as "madad-i-mash" (subsistence allowance). In 1780 CE, mughal emperor Shah Alam II bestwowed the title of Rao of some Brahmins of the town.[2]

British colonial eraEdit

In 1806, British raj gave Charkhi Dadri to Nawab of Jhajjhar, the ruler of a princely state who stayed in power till 1857. Charkhi Dadri tract had an area of 575sq miles and revenue of Rs 10,3000 annually. In 1857 war, the Nawab of Dadri, Bahadur Jung Khan who had given token allegiance to Emperor ˞BahadurShah Zafar, surrendered to British and tried by military court martial in Delhi on 27 Nov. 1857.[3] He was removed to Lahore.[4] Dadri was awarded to Raja Sarup Singh of Jind for his services to EIC in the 1857 war. In May 1864, some fifty villages revolted against his descendant Raja Raghbir Singh but the rebellion was crushed. Three principal villages which took part in the rebellion, Charkhi, Mankinas and Jhanjhu, were burned down.[5] Notable Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian scholars lived here as evident by the collection of Sanskrit and Persianl manuscripts by Rao Uttam Singh, a teacher to the King of Jind State.[2]

1996 mid-air collisionEdit

Charkhi Dadri came to media attention when, on November 12, 1996, a Kazakhstan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 struck a Saudia Boeing 747 in the sky above the village, causing both jets to crash into the fields below. The collision resulted in the deaths of all 349 people on board both aircraft. It was the deadliest mid-air collision on record, the deadliest aviation disaster that left no survivors, the deadliest aviation disaster in India,[6] as well as the third-deadliest aviation disaster of all time (Not including 9/11).[7]

Formation of districtEdit

Previously in Bhiwani district, Charkhi Dadri became part of the new Charkhi Dadri district in 2016.[8]

Historic monumentsEdit

There are some historic places in the city which include Shyamesar Lake and Dayal Temple to name a few.

Baba Shami Dayal Samadhi and temple:
Most ancient monument in the town is he Samadhi of Baba Shami Dayal, who is Jathera (als called Dhok) of Phogat gotra of Jats, holds an annual fair on 8th day of Bhado month of hindu Vikram Samvat calendar.[2]
Shyamesar lake:
In 1687 CE during Aurangzeb rule, Lala Sita Ram built the Shyamesar lake at the cost of Rs. 100,000. Lala was also mentioned as the treasurer of mughal emperor Muhammad Shah (r. 1719-48) in the "1904 Phulkian States Gazetteer".[2]
Charkhi Dadri Fort:
In the first half of the 19th century the Nawab of Jhajjar built a fort here which is currently coccupied by various government offices. In the second half of 19th centrusy the Jind State built the "Dorothy villa" which is currently being used as the "PWD Rest House".[2]

DemographicsEdit

As of the 2001 India census,[9] Charkhi Dadri had a population of 44,892. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Charkhi Dadri has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 62%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The major part of the ethnographic spectrum of the population is constituted by Jat people who have come from various neighbouring villages as well as many of them are descendants of the Rajput founders of the city. Another major chunk is descendant of Maratha warriors who after the defeat in the Third Battle Of Panipat, decided to settle in the nearby places. Another major community belongs to Bania (caste), Punjabi who live in clusters in the areas of Subhash Chowk, Kath Mandi, Pahwa Chowk and Ladhan Paana, are also found in great numbers. Saini live in majority in Saini Pura, Jhajjar Ghati, Bir Bhairvi earlier known as "Gwadiwala Johar founded by late Nathu Ram Saini under the Peepal tree, age of peepal tree is more than 100 years and now alive and Brahmin who lives majorly in the concentrated pockets of old city called Chotti Bazari and places around Anaj mandi. Nevertheless, the city is a perfect melange with people from other diverse castes and communities as well."

People of many gotras live in Charkhi Dadri, the major ones being Bansal, Goyal, Janghu, Jangra, Lor,[10] Phogat, Prajapati, Rana, Lamba, Ahlawat, Malik, Saini, Sangwan, Sanwal and Sheoran.,mothsra.

EconomyEdit

Charkhi Dadri is the main market for all nearby villages and has its own food and grain markets and one FCI godown. It has many shopping institutions such as main market and hira chowk. Various motor vehicle showroom like Bajaj, Chevrolet, Hero, Honda, Mahindra and tvs are present here. It makes Charkhi Dadri a big market for shopping.

Cement plantEdit

Cement Corporation Of India (CCI) established one of its cement plants in Haryana. The plant was commissioned in 1982 with an installed capacity of 174,000 tonnes per annum. The process used in the plant was a semi-dry one. The plant is sprawled across 198 acres (0.80 km2). It functioned for almost 15 years before production was stopped in 1996 due to various issues. It remains closed.[11]

PoliticsEdit

Chandrawati, Ganpat Rai - Ex-MLA, Hargain Singh Gochwal, Hukam Singh (master) - late Ex Chief Minister, Kripa Ram Phogat (late) - head of first labor union of Delhi Transport corporation, Ram Kishan Gupta (late) - Ex-MP and educationalist, are a few prominent politicians.

Educational institutionsEdit

Late Ram Kishan Gupta, then a former parliamentarian[12] founded the Dadri Education Society.[13] There are several educational institutions, including Murari Lal Rasiwasiya Ayurvedic College (MLRAC), KAIM[14] (Kedarnath Aggarwal Institute of Management), and JVMGRR Institute of Computer Applications, in Charkhi Dadri. There are also Apeejay School, DRK Adarsh Vidya Mandir, RED School, and Vaish Girls Senior Secondary School.

Places to seeEdit

Charkhi Dadri is the newly formed district of Haryana.It was created in 2016 as the 22nd district of Haryana.Charkhi Dadri is a small but busy town with a good market. Both branded and non-branded goods are available for shopping.There are many temples worth seeing in Charkhi Dadri like Rest House temple, Hanuman Temple Keekar Vasni, Rangeela Hanuman Mandir, Baala Waala Johar, Devi Dhana and Shri Guru Nanak Satsang Sabha (Subhash Chowk).[15]

Ranila, the village is at distance of 22 km from Charkhi Dadri, having a 1008 Aadinath Jain temple. While travelling from Charkhi Dadri to Bhiwani by train, first stoppage is Fatehgarh Haryana.

Charkhi Dadri is connected by road and rail to Delhi. At a distance of 6 km from Charkhi Dadri, Kapoori ki Pahadi is a small hill known for its Shiva temple and Nath sect ashram.[16]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Charkhi Dadri is state's 22nd district". tribuneindia. The Tribune Trust. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Haryana Gazetteer, Revenue Dept of Haryana, Chapter-V.
  3. ^ Husain, Syed Mahdi (2006). Bahadur Shah Zafar and the War of 1857 in Delhi. Aakar Books. ISBN 9788187879916.
  4. ^ Sharma, Suresh K. (1 February 2006). Haryana: Past and Present. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788183240468.
  5. ^ https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.211064/2015.211064.The-Rajas_djvu.txt
  6. ^ "Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 11121996". Airdisaster.com. 12 November 1996. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Ten Worst Airplane Crashes in History - BootsnAll Toolkit". Toolkit.bootsnall.com. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Charki Dadri notified as 22nd district of Haryana". The Times of India. 5 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  10. ^ Lor
  11. ^ "Charkhi-Dadri Cement Factory". Cement Corporation of India.
  12. ^ . Tribune http://www.tribuneindia.com/2004/20040106/haryana.htm#8. Retrieved 30 December 2015. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 2 July 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ KAIM
  15. ^ Shri Guru Nanak Satsang Sabha (Subhash Chowk)
  16. ^ "Pilgrimage". GORAKH NATHA SAMPRADAYA. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  17. ^ "Dangal in Real Life: How Geeta Phogat Won the 2010 CWG Gold". News18. 26 December 2016.
  18. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/former-haryana-cm-hukum-singh-dead-115022601362_1.html