Charkhi Dadri

Charkhi Dadri is a city and headquarters of Charkhi Dadri district in the state of Haryana located in southern Haryana, India, about 90 km from the national capital Delhi.[1] The town was made by joining the villages of Charkhi and Dadri after urban development. Charkhi Dadri is on NH 148B between Narnaul to Bathinda and NH 348B between Meerut to Pilani segment passing through the city.

Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri is located in Haryana
Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri
Location in Haryana, India
Charkhi Dadri is located in India
Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri
Charkhi Dadri (India)
Coordinates: 28°35′N 76°16′E / 28.59°N 76.27°E / 28.59; 76.27Coordinates: 28°35′N 76°16′E / 28.59°N 76.27°E / 28.59; 76.27
DistrictCharkhi Dadri
 • TypeAssembly Constituency
 • BodyCharkhi Dadri Municipal Council
 • OfficialHindi
 • SpokenHaryanavi, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code01250
ISO 3166 codeIN-HR
Vehicle registrationHR-19, HR-84
Nearest cityKosli, Bhiwani,. Rohtak
Sex ratio54:46 /
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDadri (Haryana Vidhan Sabha constituency)
ClimateDry (Köppen)


"Dadri" is derived from a lake called Dadar which was full of dadur (Sanskrit: frog) from which it took its current name. To distinguish Dadri from other similarly named places in the area, sometimes Dadri's name was appended to the nearby village of Charkhi. After India became independent, in recognition of the contribution of people of Charki village during the first war of independence in 1857 against the British colonial rule and Praja Mandala movement against the oppressive rule of the Jind State, the government officially named the town as Charkhi-Dadri.[2][3]

When Ramkrishna Dalmia, the founder of Dalmia Group, established a cement factory at Dadri during the rule of Jind State, the town was renamed as "Dalmia Dadri" on request of Sir Ganga Ram Kaul who was then Chief Minister of Jind State, which was renamed to "Charkhi Dadri" when Jind State was merged with Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) in 1948.[2]


Early historyEdit

The town was founded around the 12th century by Bilhan Singh.[2]

According to the oral tradition, he saw a cow and lion drinking water side by side at dadur lake. Intrigued by the sight, he went to a nearby cottage where a Mahatma named Swami Dayal lived. Bilhan Singh sought Mahatma's blessings and was told that if he made the place his home, his family would be blessed and would rule over it in the future.[2]

Mughal eraEdit

During the medieval times, Dadri was also a pargana (district) and riyasat (state). Mughal emperors Akbar and Farrukhsiyar both issued firmans (housed in Red Fort Archaeological Museum and "Rao Harnarian Singh Dhan Collection of Charkhi Dadri" respectively) to grant land to zamindars as "madad-i-mash" (subsistence allowance). In 1780 CE, mughal emperor Shah Alam II bestwowed the title of Rao of some Brahmins of the town. Rao Dhan Singh, took part in the revolt of 1857 and fought bravely in the Battle of Narnaul, against British but due to failure of revolt lost their jagirdari included many villages to British.[2]

British colonial eraEdit

In 1806, British raj gave Charkhi Dadri to Nawab of Jhajjhar, the ruler of a princely state who stayed in power till 1857. Charkhi Dadri tract had an area of 575sq miles and revenue of Rs 10,3000 annually. In 1857 war, the Nawab of Dadri, Bahadur Jung Khan who had given token allegiance to Emperor ˞BahadurShah Zafar, surrendered to British and tried by military court-martial in Delhi on 27 Nov. 1857.[4] He was removed to Lahore.[5] Dadri was awarded to Raja Sarup Singh of Jind for his services to EIC in the 1857 war. In May 1864, some fifty Sangwan Jat villages revolted against his descendant Raja Raghbir Singh but the rebellion was crushed. Three principal villages which took part in the rebellion, Charkhi, Mankinas and Jhanjhu, were burned down.[6] Notable Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian scholars lived here as evident by the collection of Sanskrit and Persian manuscripts by Rao Uttam Singh, a teacher to the King of Jind State.[2]

1996 mid-air collisionEdit

Charkhi Dadri came to media attention when, on 12 November 1996, a Kazakhstan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 struck a Saudia Boeing 747 in the sky above the village, causing both jets to crash into the fields below. The collision resulted in the deaths of all 349 people on board both aircraft. It was the deadliest mid-air collision on record, the deadliest aviation disaster that left no survivors, the deadliest aviation disaster in India,[7] as well as the third-deadliest aviation disaster of all time (Not including 9/11).[8]

Formation of districtEdit

Previously in Bhiwani district, Charkhi Dadri became part of the new Charkhi Dadri district in 2016.[9] According hssc 16 Nov 2016

Historic monumentsEdit

There are some historic places in the city which include Shyamesar Lake and Dayal Temple to name a few.

Baba Shami Dayal Samadhi and temple:
Most ancient monument in the town is the Samadhi of Baba Shami Dayal, who is Jathera (also called Dhok) of Phogat gotra of Jats, holds an annual fair on 8th day of Bhado month of Hindu Vikram Samvat calendar.[2]
Shyamesar lake:
In 1687 CE during Aurangzeb rule, Lala Sita Ram built the Shyamesar lake at the cost of Rs. 100,000. Lala was also mentioned as the treasurer of Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah (r. 1719-48) in the "1904 Phulkian States Gazetteer".[2]
Charkhi Dadri Fort:
In the first half of the 19th century the Nawab of Jhajjar built a fort here which is currently occupied by various government offices. In the second half of 19th century the Jind State built the "Dorothy villa" which is currently being used as the "PWD Rest House".[2]
Dada Ramser Mandir:
This temple at Shyam hill in "Nauranga Bass Jattan & Badari" village. this is a big temple visit for more information


As of the 2001 India census,[10] Charkhi Dadri had a population of 44,892. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Charkhi Dadri has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 62%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The major part of the ethnographic spectrum of the population is constituted by Jat people who have come from various neighbouring villages. Another major chunk is descendant of Maratha warriors who after the defeat in the Third Battle Of Panipat, decided to settle in the nearby places. Another major community belongs to Bania (caste), Punjabi who live in clusters in the areas of Subhash Chowk, Kath Mandi, Pahwa Chowk and Ladhan Paana, are also found in great numbers. Saini lives in the majority in Saini Pura, Jhajjar Ghati, Bir Bhairvi earlier known as "Gwadiwala Johar founded by late Nathu Ram Saini under the Peepal tree, age of peepal tree is more than 100 years and now alive and Brahmin who lives majorly in the concentrated pockets of the old city called Chotti Bazari and places around Anaj mandi. Nevertheless, the city is a perfect melange with people from other diverse castes and communities as well."

People of many gotras live in Charkhi Dadri, the major ones being Lor, Phogat, Rana, Lamba, Ahlawat, Malik, Saini, Sangwan, Sansanwal, Rajotiya, Mahla, Kalkal, Prajapati, Dhangad and Sheoran.


Charkhi Dadri is the main market for all nearby villages and has its own food and grain markets and one FCI godown. It has many shopping institutions such as the main market and hira chowk. Various motor vehicle showroom like Bajaj, Chevrolet, Hero, Honda, Mahindra and TVs are present here. It makes Charkhi Dadri a big market for shopping. LOCAL CART APP( the best online shopping platform) head office located in charkhi dadri.

Cement plantEdit

Cement Corporation Of India (CCI) established one of its cement plants in Haryana. The plant was commissioned in 1982 with an installed capacity of 174,000 tonnes per annum. The process used in the plant was a semi-dry one. The plant is sprawled across 198 acres (0.80 km2). It functioned for almost 15 years before production was stopped in 1996 due to various issues. It remains closed.[11]


Chandrawati, Ganpat Rai - Ex-MLA, Hargain Singh Gochwal, Hukam Singh (master) - late Ex-Chief Minister, Kripa Ram Phogat (late) - head of first labour union of Delhi Transport Corporation, Ram Kishan Gupta (late) - Ex-MP and educationalist, are a few prominent politicians. Wrestler Babita Phogat fought the assembly elections from this seat and lost to an independent candidate in 2019. She is a prominent current politician from this area.

Educational institutionsEdit

Late Ram Kishan Gupta, then a former parliamentarian[12] founded the Dadri Education Society.[13] There are several educational institutions, including Murari Lal Rasiwasiya Ayurvedic College (MLRAC), KAIM[14] (Kedarnath Aggarwal Institute of Management), and JVMGRR Institute of Computer Applications, in Charkhi Dadri. There are also Apeejay School, DRK Adarsh Vidya Mandir, RED School, Vaish Girls Senior Secondary School, Geeta Niketan and Geetangli.

Places to seeEdit

Charkhi Dadri is a small but busy town with a good market. Both branded and non-branded goods are available for shopping such as Big Bazaar, Reliance Mart, Adidas, Raymonds. There are many temples worth seeing in Charkhi Dadri like Rest House temple, Hanuman Temple Keekar Vasni, Rangeela Hanuman Mandir, Baala Waala Johar, Devi Dhana, and Shri Guru Nanak Satsang Sabha (Subhash Chowk).

Ranila, the village is 22 km (14 mi) from Charkhi Dadri, having a 1008 Aadinath Jain temple. While traveling from Charkhi Dadri to Bhiwani by train, the first stoppage is Fatehgarh Haryana.

Imlota, the village is 20 km (12 mi) from Charkhi Dadri on Dadri-Delhi road, having Baba Mokarwala temple famous in locality.

Charkhi Dadri is connected by road and rail to Delhi. Six km (3.7 mi) from Charkhi Dadri, Kapoori ki Pahadi is a small hill known for its Shiva temple and Nath sect ashram. It has an annual feast where thousands of followers come from different parts of the country.[15] [(Noswa)], the village is 17 km away from Charkhi Dadri having baba Surjana temple famous in localty with 3 districts border.

Santor, the village is 15 km (9.3 mi) from Charkhi Dadri towards New Delhi, having Baba Shilgar Dham temple, with a height of 34 m (112 ft).

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ "Charkhi Dadri is state's 22nd district". tribuneindia. The Tribune Trust. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Haryana Gazetteer, Revenue Dept of Haryana, Chapter-V.
  3. ^ Sohan Singh Khattar and Reena Kar, 2021, Know Your State Haryana, Arihant Publications, pp 308.
  4. ^ Husain, Syed Mahdi (2006). Bahadur Shah Zafar and the War of 1857 in Delhi. Aakar Books. ISBN 9788187879916.
  5. ^ Sharma, Suresh K. (1 February 2006). Haryana: Past and Present. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788183240468.
  6. ^ "The Rajas of the Punjab". 1873.
  7. ^ Tully, Total (12 November 1996). "Listverse - Top 10 Deadliest Airline Disasters". Listverse. Listverse. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  8. ^ "Ten Worst Airplane Crashes in History - BootsnAll Toolkit". Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  9. ^ "Charki Dadri notified as 22nd district of Haryana". The Times of India. 5 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  11. ^ "Charkhi-Dadri Cement Factory". Cement Corporation of India. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011.
  12. ^ "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Haryana". Tribune. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 2 July 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "KAIM". Archived from the original on 4 January 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  15. ^ "Pilgrimage". GORAKH NATHA SAMPRADAYA. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  16. ^ "Dangal in Real Life: How Geeta Phogat Won the 2010 CWG Gold". News18. 26 December 2016.
  17. ^ "Former Haryana CM Hukum Singh dead". Business Standard India. 26 February 2015.
  18. ^ "Sharad Pawar". The Indian Express.