Change of Habit
Change of Habit is a 1969 American crime drama musical film directed by William A. Graham and starring Elvis Presley and Mary Tyler Moore. Written by James Lee, S.S. Schweitzer, and Eric Bercovici, based on a story by John Joseph and Richard Morris, the film is about three Catholic nuns, preparing for their final vows, who are sent to a rough inner city neighborhood dressed as lay missionaries to work at a clinic run by a young doctor. Their lives become complicated by the realities they face in the inner city, and by the doctor who falls in love with one of the nuns.
|Change of Habit|
|Directed by||William A. Graham|
|Produced by||Joe Connelly|
|Edited by||Douglas Stewart|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
The film was produced by Joe Connelly for NBC Productions and distributed by Universal Pictures. Filmed on location in the Los Angeles area and at the Universal Studios during March and April 1969, Change of Habit was released in the United States on November 10, 1969. It spent four weeks on the Variety Box Office Survey, peaking at #17.
Change of Habit was Presley's 31st and final film acting role; his remaining film appearances were in concert documentaries. The film was Moore's fourth and final film under her brief Universal Pictures contract; she would not appear in another theatrical movie until Ordinary People in 1980. Moore and Edward Asner, who also appears in the film, would go on to star in The Mary Tyler Moore Show, which premiered in September of the following year.
Elvis stars as a professional man for the first and only time in his career. Dr. Carpenter heads a clinic serving an underprivileged community in a major metropolis with an ethnic Puerto Rican population. He is surprised to be offered assistance by three women. Unknown to him, the three are nuns in street clothing who want to aid the community but are afraid the local residents might be reluctant to seek help if their true identities were known. The nuns are also facing opposition from the rude and arrogant priest from the local parish. Dr. Carpenter and the nuns are shown dealing with a mute but angry autistic girl, a boy with a severe speech impediment, and a man beaten by loan shark enforcers. The nuns at times are sexually harassed by loiterers.
Carpenter falls for Sister Michelle Gallagher, played by wholesome Mary Tyler Moore, but Sister Michelle's true vocation remains unknown to Dr. Carpenter. She also has feelings for the doctor but is reluctant to leave the order. The film concludes with Sister Michelle and Sister Irene entering a church where Dr. Carpenter is singing to pray for guidance to make her choice.
(in credits order)
- Elvis Presley as Dr. John Carpenter
- Mary Tyler Moore as Sister Michelle
- Barbara McNair as Sister Irene
- Jane Elliot as Sister Barbara
- Leora Dana as Mother Joseph
- Edward Asner as Lt. Moretti
- Robert Emhardt as The Banker
- Regis Toomey as Father Gibbons
- Doro Merande as Rose
- Ruth McDevitt as Lily
- Richard Carlson as Bishop Finley
- Nefti Millet as Julio Hernandez
- Laura Figueroa as Desiree
- Lorena Kirk as Amanda
- Virginia Vincent as Miss Parker
- David Renard as Colombians
- William Elliott as Robbie (as Bill Elliott)
- Rodolfo Hoyos Jr. as Mr. Hernandez (as Rodolfo Hoyos)
- Kay Koury as on carousel
- Charlie Hodge as patient
- Mario Aniov as 1st Young Man
- Ray Ballard as Ice Cream Clerk
- Jim Beach as Father Witkowski
- Timothy Carey as Ajax Market Manager
- Rita Conde as Woman in Market
- Steve Conte as Man in Scene 166
- Frank Corsentino as 2nd Man
- John Daheim as 1st Underling
- Robert De Anda as Teammate
- Tony De Costa as Chino
- Paul Factor as 3rd Man
- Linda Garay as Expectant Mother
- Stella Garcia as Maria
- Pepe Hern as Man in Scene 93
- Fanita James as Backup Singer
- Jean King as Backup Singer
- Ji-Tu Cumbuka as ghetto apartment resident
- Darlene Love as Backup Singer
- A Martinez as Second Teen
- Troy Melton as 2nd Underling
- Lilith Miles as 1st Stiletto Deb
- Lenny Montana as Grocer
- Araceli Rey as Senora Gavilan
- Ruben Rodriguez as Church Drummer
- Stanley Schneider as Traffic Cop
- Harry Swoger as Fat Man
- Alex Tinne as Tony
- Alex Val as Tomas
- Roberto Vargas as Cuban Mainliner
- Len Wayland as Police Sergeant
- Caitlin Wyles as 2nd Stiletto Deb
By 1969, Presley's future in Hollywood was under threat. Although still financially successful, mainly due to the "make 'em quick, make 'em cheap" attitude of Presley's manager Colonel Tom Parker, Presley's films had been making less profit in recent years. When Parker had struggled to find any studio willing to pay Presley's usual $1 million fee, he struck a deal with NBC to produce one feature film, and a TV special entitled Elvis. NBC would pay Presley $1.25 million for both features, and Parker was happy in the knowledge that he was still able to earn $1 million for his client.
The film Change of Habit had been announced in 1967, with Mary Tyler Moore signing up in October 1968. It was considered a Moore vehicle until January 1969 when Presley signed on to take the lead role.
Although set in New York City, the film was shot in the Los Angeles area and at the Universal Studios lot during March and April 1969. It was released nationwide in the United States on November 10, 1969 and spent four weeks on the Variety Box Office Survey, peaking at #17.
Mary Tyler Moore and Edward Asner would soon become co-stars of her self-named The Mary Tyler Moore Show, one of television's enduring hits from 1970-77. In Change of Habit, however, they shared no scenes.
A. H. Weiler of The New York Times reviewed the film on a double bill with House of Cards and noted that both were "merely exemplary of professional technique and dialogue rather than memorable characterization and emotion." Variety wrote that "its intriguing idea has a well-enough-constructed plotline to flesh out its premise for good family fare ... Presley displays his customary easy presence." Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times wrote, "Today we're simply too much aware how agonizing social injustices can be for them to be treated with the breezy, jaunty touch of simple-minded light comedy ... to watch all this frantically bouncy, thoroughly bogus business is as discomforting as listening to chalk screech across a blackboard."
When Presley entered Decca Universal Studio on March 5, 1969, for two days to record his final dramatic motion picture soundtrack, what would come to be known as the comeback television special had already been broadcast, its attendant album had been his first top ten LP in four years, and he had just finished the sessions at American Sound Studio yielding From Elvis in Memphis and the top ten singles "In the Ghetto" and "Suspicious Minds" that would cement his resurgence as a force in American popular music. He had a month-long engagement at the International Hotel in Paradise, Nevada lined up in August, his first live performances in eight years, and clearly now had turned his career around.
A song recorded at American, "Rubberneckin'", would be used in the film and subsequently issued as the b-side of RCA single 47-9768 "Don't Cry Daddy" in conjunction with the movie premiere. Four songs would be recorded at the soundtrack sessions, of which "Let's Be Friends" would not be used in the film. The four songs would be released commercially on budget albums, "Let's Be Friends," the title track "Change of Habit," and "Have A Happy" on Let's Be Friends the following year, with "Let Us Pray" issued on the 1971 album You'll Never Walk Alone.
Some reference sources erroneously list an outtake from the earlier Presley film, Charro!, "Let's Forget About the Stars" (a song also released on the Let's Be Friends album), as being a song recorded for Change of Habit.
Film music track listingEdit
- Down at the End of Lonely Street: The Life and Death of Elvis Presley. Arrow. 1998. p. 328.
- Guralnick/Jorgensen (1999). Elvis Day by Day. Ballantine Books. p. 237. ISBN 978-0-345-42089-3.
- Worth, Fred. Elvis: His Life from A To Z. pp. 303–304.
- Adam Victor. The Elvis Encyclopedia. Overlook, 2008.
- Weiler, A. H. (January 22, 1970). "Screen: 'Change of Habit'". The New York Times. 29.
- "Film Reviews: Change of Habit". Variety. October 22, 1969. 16.
- Thomas, Kevin (November 20, 1969). "Elvis Presley Stars in 'Change of Habit'". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 21.
- Jorgensen, Ernst. Elvis Presley A Life in Music: The Complete Recording Sessions. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998; pp. 263-265.
- Jorgensen, op. cit., pp. 154, 282.
- Jorgensen, op. cit., pp. 265, 271.
- Jorgensen, op. cit., p. 279.
- Roy Carr and Mick Farren, Elvis: The Illustrated Record. New York: Harmony Books, 1982; p. 133.