Chang Sŏng-man

Chang Sŏng-man (Korean: 장성만, 2 November 1932 – 6 December 2015) was a South Korean pastor, educator, and politician. He served as a Member of the National Assembly for North District of Busan from 1981 to 1988, and also the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly from 1987 to 1988.[1][2][3] He was also the former Chancellor of Dongseo University.

Chang Sŏng-man
장성만
Dongseo Educational Foundation Groundbreaking.jpg
Chang Sŏng-man (rightmost of the picture)
President of Dongseo University
In office
28 February 1995 – 1997
Succeeded byPark Dong-soon
Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly
In office
13 May 1987 – 29 May 1988
Preceded byChoi Young-cheol
Cho Yeon-ha
Succeeded byRoh Seung-hwan
Kim Jae-kwang
Member of the National Assembly in North District
In office
11 April 1981 – 29 May 1988
Preceded byChung Hae-young (Busanjin and North)
Succeeded byMoon Jung-soo (1st)
Shin Sang-woo (2nd)
Personal details
Born(1932-11-02)2 November 1932
Busan, South Korea
Died6 December 2015(2015-12-06) (aged 83)
Busan, South Korea
CitizenshipSouth Korean
Political partyDemocratic Justice Party (1981-1990)
Spouse(s)Park Dong-soon
ChildrenChang Je-kuk
Chang Je-won
Chang Ju-young
RelativesChang Yong-joon (grandson)
Alma materUniversity of Cincinnati
OccupationPastor, educator, politician

Chang was one of the notable figures who built a welfare state model during his MP career.[2][3] He established various universities, including Dongseo University,[3] where he used to be its Chancellor.[2]

CareerEdit

Born in Busan, Chang attended to Busan Technical High School, and earned bachelor's degree in theology from University of Cincinnati.[1][2][3] He used to work as a pastor before he established Dongseo Christian Vocational School (now Kyungnam College of Information & Technology), the first vocational college in South Korea, in 1965.[1][2][3]

Chang started his political career as one of the promoter of Democratic Justice Party (DJP), the predecessor of Liberty Korea Party (LKP), in January 1981.[1][2][3] He was elected unopposed to the National Assembly representing North District of Busan in the elections after 2 months, and re-elected in 1985 election. In 1987, he was elected as the sole Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly, after the main opposition United Democratic Party (UDP) decided to not put its candidate due to the internal conflict.[4]

Chang consecutively lost to Moon Jung-soo in 1988 and 1992 election. Instead, he established Dongseo Engineering College (now Dongseo University) in 1991[1] and served as its Chancellor till 2008.[2][3] In 2001, he also founded Dongseo Cyber University (now Busan Digital University).[1][3]

He died on 6 December 2015, after a chronic disease, aged 83.[1][2][3] His widow, Park Dong-soon (born 1939), is the current Chancellor of Dongseo University.[1][2][3] He also left 3 children, including Chang Je-kuk (born 1964), the current President of the university, Chang Je-won (born 1967), a Member of the National Assembly (2008-2012, 2016-), and Chang Ju-young.[1][2][3]

ControversiesEdit

On 8 March 1988, Chang faced huge protests from opposition MPs after he and DJP rushed a revised electoral law through without any agreements.[5][6] It was reported that Yoo Soo-ho, the father of Yoo Seong-min, was also involved into the controversy.[6]

On 17 April 1997, Chang was arrested by prosecution due to the corruption charges.[7] It was reported that he set up around 5 billion won (≒ 5 million USD) and misused most of it.[7]

Election resultsEdit

Year Constituency Political party Votes (%) Remarks
1981 North District DJP Uncontested Won
1985 North District DJP 61,596 (30.06%) Won
1988 North District 1st DJP 29,960 (25.16%) Lost
1992 North District 1st Independent 28,517 (24.68%) Lost

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "장성만 전 국회부의장 별세". 6 December 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "<장성만은 누구>부산 대학 3개 설립자..국회부의장 역임". 6 December 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "'동서학원 설립' 장성만 전 국회부의장 별세". 6 December 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  4. ^ "국회부의장후보 민주당 안내기로". 12 May 1987. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  5. ^ "선거법안 새벽 강행통과". 8 March 1988. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  6. ^ a b "'전례없다'더니 장제원 부친 '1988년 선거법 날치기' 주역". 1 May 2019. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  7. ^ a b "검찰, 장성만 총장 소환조사". 17 April 1997. Retrieved 8 September 2019.