Chang Po-ya

Chang Po-ya (Chinese: 張博雅; pinyin: Zhāng Bóyǎ; born 5 October 1942) is a Taiwanese politician who is the founder of the Non-Partisan Solidarity Union,[1] a political party in Taiwan.[2]

Chang Po-ya
監察院長 張博雅 (cropped).jpg
5th President of the Control Yuan
In office
1 August 2014 – 31 July 2020
DeputySun Ta-chuan
Preceded byWang Chien-shien
Succeeded byChen Chu
Chairperson of the Central Election Commission
In office
15 November 2010 – 31 July 2014
DeputyLiu I-chou
Preceded byRai Hau-min
Succeeded byLiu I-chou (acting)
Liu I-chou
Chairperson of the Non-Partisan Solidarity Union
In office
16 June 2004 – 14 June 2007
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byLin Pin-kuan
Governor of Taiwan Province
In office
20 May 2000 – 1 February 2002
Preceded byChao Shou-po
Succeeded byFan Kuang-chun
Minister of the Interior of the Republic of China
In office
20 May 2000 – 1 February 2002
Preceded byHuang Chu-wen
Succeeded byYu Cheng-hsien
Mayor of Chiayi
In office
20 December 1997 – 22 May 2000
Preceded byChang Wen-ying
Succeeded byChen Li-chen
Minister of the Department of Health of the Republic of China
In office
2 June 1990 – 31 August 1997
Preceded byShih Chun-jen
Succeeded bySteve Chan
Mayor of Chiayi
In office
15 December 1983 – 20 December 1989
Preceded byHsu Shih-hsien
Chiang Ching-lin (acting)
Succeeded byChang Wen-ying
Personal details
Born5 October 1942 (1942-10-05) (age 78)
Kagi City, Tainan Prefecture, Taiwan, Empire of Japan (modern-day Chiayi City, Taiwan)
Political partyNon-Partisan Solidarity Union
MotherHsu Shih-hsien
RelativesChang Wen-ying (sister)
Alma materKaohsiung Medical University
National Taiwan University
Johns Hopkins University
Kyorin University

Early lifeEdit

Born in what is now Chiayi City to Hsu Shih-hsien and Chang Chin-tung, both physicians,[3] Chang Po-ya is a medical doctor educated in Kaohsiung Medical College (1968), the Institute of Public Health of National Taiwan University (1970), Johns Hopkins University (1974), and Kyorin University (1994).

Political careerEdit

She was the mayor of her home city, serving three terms (1983–89, 1997–2000), the first time succeeding her mother, Hsu; the last time succeeding her sister, Chang Wen-ying [zh]. The Chang daughters and mother are known as the Hsü Family of Chiayi (許家班). During her first term, martial law was lifted and she led the creation of The First 228 Peace Memorial Monument in Taiwan.

She was the Minister of Health[4] from June 2, 1990 to September 10, 1997 and led the creation of Taiwan's national health insurance system.[5]

Under President Chen Shui-bian, she was the Minister of Interior from May 20, 2000 to February 1, 2002 and also served as Governor of the Taiwan Provincial Government.

On 7 December 2002, came in 4th as an independent candidate in the Kaohsiung City mayoral election.

2002 Kaohsiung City Mayoral Election Result
Party # Candidate Votes Percentage
  Independent 1 Shih Ming-teh 8,750 1.13%
  Independent 2 Chang Po-ya 13,479 1.75%
  Independent 3 Huang Tian-sheng (黃天生) 1,998 0.26%
  Kuomintang 4 Huang Jun-ying (黃俊英) 361,546 46.82%
Democratic Progressive Party 5 Frank Hsieh 386,384 50.04%  
Total 779,911 100.00%
Voter turnout 71.38%

From 2014 to 2020, she served as the 5th President and first female President of Taiwan's Control Yuan.

Personal lifeEdit

She is married to Chi Chan-nan (紀展南) with a son and a daughter.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Banks, Arthur S.; Muller, Thomas C.; Overstreet, William (2008-04-01). Political Handbook of the World 2008. CQ Press. p. 263. ISBN 978-0-87289-528-7. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  2. ^ "Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)".
  3. ^ Lin, Chieh-yu (5 September 2004). "Chang in spotlight since Chen talk". Taipei Times. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  4. ^ Who's who in Asian and Australasian politics. Bowker-Saur. 1991. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-86291-593-3.
  5. ^ Jou, Ying-cheng (19 April 2000). "Chiayi mayor takes Cabinet post". Taipei Times. Retrieved 23 April 2017.

External linksEdit

Government offices
Preceded by
Hsu Shih-hsien (mother)
Mayor of Chiayi
Succeeded by
Chang Wen-ying (sister)
Preceded by
Chang Wen-ying (sister)
Mayor of Chiayi
Succeeded by
Chen Li-chen
Preceded by
Wang Chien-shien
President of the Control Yuan
Succeeded by
Chen Chu
Party political offices
New title Chairperson of the NPSU
Succeeded by
Lin Pin-kuan