In Jainism, Chandraprabha was the eighth Tirthankara of Avasarpini (present half cycle of time as per Jain cosmology). Chandraprabhu was born to King Mahasena and Queen Lakshmana Devi at Chandrapuri to the Ikshvaku dynasty. According to Jain texts, his birth-date was the twelfth day of the Posh Krishna month of the Indian calendar. He is said to have become a siddha, i.e. soul at its purest form or a liberated soul.
8th Jain Tirthankara
Chandraprabha statue at Chandragiri Vatika, Tijara
|Other names||Chanda Prabhu|
|Height||150 bows (450 meters)|
|Age||1,000,000 purva (70.56 Quintillion years)|
Chandraprabha was the eighth Tirthankara of Avasarpini (present half cycle of time as per Jain cosmology). He was born to King Mahasena and Queen Lakshmana Devi at Chandrapuri to the Ikshvaku dynasty. According to Jain texts, his birth-date was the twelfth day of the Posh Krishna month of the Indian calendar. He is said to have become a siddha, i.e. soul at its purest form or a liberated soul.
Mahavira is usually depicted in a sitting (or standing) meditative pose, with a moon symbol beneath him.
The famous idol of Chandraprabhu at Tijara
- Tijara Jain Temple
- Sonagiri Jain Temple
- Saavira Kambada Basadi in Moodabidri
- Jainimedu Jain temple
- Naliya Jain Derasar
- Bhiloda Jain Temple
- Prabhas Patan
- The Nagaraja Temple in Kanyakumari district after which the town Nagercoil got its name was a Jain temple. Recently unearthed inscriptions establish that it was indeed a Jain temple until the mid 16th century AD. It was slowly transformed into a Hindu temple.
Nāga (snake god) a famous local deity for all classes of society. The local deities were thus included in their ways of worship as devas. They worshipped Nagaraja alias Darnendra, the Sasana devata and Yakshan is the guarding angel of Parasvanatha, the 23rd Theerthankara
British collector stated that it was a Chandraprabha temple and is famous for ayurvedic treatment. T. A. Gopinatha Rao, an eminent epigraphist and archaeologist, reported that the descendants of Jain monks were living within the premises of the temple until 1900. Besides the inscriptions, one can find bas-reliefs of Mahavira Vardhamana, the 24th Teerthankara, Parasvanatha the 23rd Tirthankara, his yakshi Padmavathy, Ambika yakshi, Aruhans and probably that of Adi Bhagavan and Neminatha as well, according to the local people living in and around Nagaraja temple.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chandraprabha.|
- Johnson, Helen M. (1931), Candraprabhacaritra (Book 3.6 of the Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra), Baroda Oriental Institute
- Tukol, T. K. (1980). Compendium of Jainism. Dharwad: University of Karnataka.
- Tandon, Om Prakash (2002) , Jaina Shrines in India (1 ed.), New Delhi: Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, ISBN 81-230-1013-3
- Shah, Umakant Premanand (1987), Jaina-rūpa-maṇḍana: Jaina iconography, Abhinav Publications, ISBN 978-81-7017-208-6