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Chandni (lit. moonlight) is a 1989 Indian romantic musical drama film, directed and produced by Yash Chopra from a screenplay written by Kamna Chandra, Arun Kaul, Sagar Sarhadi and Umesh Kalbagh. The film stars Sridevi in the titular role. Rishi Kapoor, Vinod Khanna and Waheeda Rehman are featured in supporting roles. The film focuses on Chandni, whose fiancé is paralysed in an accident and she's forced to start afresh. Her boss falls in love with her and she agrees to marry him. She faces a dilemma when her fiancé returns to her life.

Chandni
Chandni poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byYash Chopra
Produced byYash Chopra
T. Subbarami Reddy
Written byKamna Chandra
Umesh Kalbagh
Arun Kaul
Sagar Sarhadi
StarringSridevi
Vinod Khanna
Rishi Kapoor
Waheeda Rehman
Music byShiv-Hari
CinematographyManmohan Singh
Edited byKeshav Naidu
Production
company
Distributed byYash Raj Films
Release date
  • 14 September 1989 (1989-09-14)
Running time
187 minutes
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi
Box office80.5 million (equivalent to 610 million or US$8.5 million in 2017)

The eighties marked a professional setback in Chopra's career, as several films he directed and produced in that period were critical and commercial failures. After a series of failed action movies, Chopra decided to return to his roots and make a romantic musical, a film with all the hallmarks of what has come to be known as the "Yash Chopra style": heroine-oriented, romantic, emotional, depicting the lifestyle of the super elite, with melodic music used in songs picturised in foreign locations. The film marked the first collaboration between Chopra and Sridevi. Upon release, Chandni received widespread critical acclaim and was a major commercial success, grossing ₹80.5 million, becoming the fourth-highest-grossing film of 1989. The huge success of the film and its soundtrack were instrumental in ending the era of violent action films in Indian Cinema and rejuvenating the romantic musical genre. The success of Chandni consolidated Sridevi's position as the top female star of the era. Over the years, Chandni is hailed as one of the greatest Indian films of all time and one of Chopra's finest movies.[1][2][3]

At the 37th National Film Awards, the film received the National Film Award for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment. At the 35th Filmfare Awards, Chandni received 10 nominations including Best Film and winning Best Cinematography.

Contents

PlotEdit

Rohit (Rishi Kapoor) meets Chandni (Sridevi) at a wedding of a relative and falls instantly in love with her and pursues her relentlessly until she agrees to date him. Eventually, they are engaged to be married soon.

His family is against this marriage because of the vast difference in their social status, but that does not bother Rohit and he relentlessly pursues his goal.

One day, Rohit wants to surprise his beloved with something special - so he calls Chandni and asks her to wait for him on the terrace of her house. As she's waiting, the afternoon's silence is broken by the roaring blades of a helicopter, from which a smiling Rohit appears to shower Chandni with lots of red rose petals from the copter. After five minutes of this delight, he disappears and she is surrounded by silence. When she reaches home downstairs, she has a bad feeling that something ominous has happened.

After she reaches inside her home, the phone rings and Chandni picks it up. She is informed by Rohit's family that Rohit has been hospitalised. She immediately makes her way to the hospital ICU unit where Rohit is admitted in critical condition!

His family, who are all at the hospital, greet her with stony expressions and accuse her of being the cause of Rohit's imminent accident. Learning that he is paralyzed on his right side, his family continues to berate her.

Rohit soon realises that because of his physical disability he would never be able fulfil the role of a good husband. He decides to let Chandni go. Heartbroken that Rohit no longer wants her in his life,Chandni moves to Bombay.

In Bombay, she starts working for a travel agency headed by Lalit (Vinod Khanna), a handsome and charming widower. He soon falls in love with Chandni and asks her to marry him. After a few years of dating and wooing, she finally agrees to this and meets Lalit's mother (Waheeda Rehman), who is so delighted to have a super pretty daughter-in-law.

Like a twist of fate, Lalit meets Rohit on a business trip in Switzerland where Rohit is receiving treatment from the professional therapists and physicians. Rohit is able to stand now and no longer needs a wheelchair. Eventually, Lalit and Rohit become friends, sharing their love-stories with each other, singing in the joy of love, unbeknownst of the fact that they are singing about the same woman (they are in love with the same woman).

Back in India, Rohit shows up one evening to meet his friend Lalit and Chandni opens the door. They are both delighted to see each other with tears in their eyes. To her amazement, he can now stand on both feet without stumbling and also does a little dance. They are both so keyed up with emotion and Rohit seizes this opportunity to propose to her. However, at this point Chandni has to tell him the truth, very much to his dismay, that—she is committed to someone else called "Lalit".

Obviously, Rohit becomes angry at her betrayal, but Chandni asks him what he would have done in her place.. to which he has no reply and so regretfully leaves. As Rohit and Lalit had become good friends in Switzerland, Lalit invites him to his wedding.

In all the subsequent ceremonies and meetings/parties, Rohit and Chandni pretend to be strangers to spare Lalit.

On the day of the wedding, Rohit drinks a bit too much in order to drive away the pain of the loss of a beloved one, and starts mumbling and then stumbles down a flight of stairs. Chandni immediately upon seeing this behaviour of his, can not contain herself any longer and screams/yearns for him to be saved. She comes so close to him, hugs him and starts crying, at which Lalit realises that she is the woman Rohit was always talking about, but hiding her identity.

Fortunately, Rohit is rushed to the hospital and the doctor says the condition is not too serious. Soon after, Rohit regains the pink of health and this time he proposes to Chandni again, to which she agrees after receiving a nod from her fiancé Lalit. Lalit and his mother share a brief sad moment as they watch Chandni and Rohit rekindle and reconcile. They finally get married and live happily ever after.

CastEdit

MusicEdit

The music of Chandni was composed by Shiv Kumar Sharma and Hariprasad Chaurasia, known together as Shiv-Hari. The lyrics were provided by Anand Bakshi. In addition to the songs listed below, there was a recurring instrumental love melody, not part of a full song. That melody was further developed into the song "Kabhi Main Kahoon" for Chopra's next movie Lamhe, also scored by Shiv-Hari.

The film's soundtrack was a major success in India.[citation needed] It is believed that the soundtrack brought back the musical genre, with its songs and lyrics all being critically acclaimed.[citation needed] According to Yash Raj Films, the soundtrack went four times Platinum on the day of the premiere.[citation needed] By the 25th week, it went 25 times Platinum, a new standard in the music industry.[citation needed]

No.TitleSinger(s)Length
1."Mere Haathon Mein"Lata Mangeshkar05:34
2."Mehbooba"Lata Mangeshkar, Vinod Rathod04:53
3."Main Sasural Nahi Jaaungi"Pamela Chopra04:06
4."Mitwa (Tere Mere Honton Pe)"Lata Mangeshkar, Babla Mehta04:31
5."Aa Meri Jaan"Lata Mangeshkar04:21
6."Dance Music"Instrumental03:16
7."Chandni O Meri Chandni"Sridevi, Jolly Mukherjee04:32
8."Lagi Aaj Sawan Ki"Suresh Wadkar, Anupama Deshpande03:25
9."Parbat Se Kaali"Asha Bhosle, Vinod Rathod04:22
10."Tu Mujhe Suna"Nitin Mukesh, Suresh Wadkar04:30
11."Mere Haathon Mein"Instrumental05:47

ReceptionEdit

Chandni received highly positive reviews upon its release with critics highlighting the film's impact in being instrumental in bringing an end to an era of violent action movies in Indian Cinema and rejuvenating the genre of romantic musical. According to iDiva, Chandni was "more an event and less a movie. Even as its shooting rolled on the sets, the film was a constant subject of discussion in the press."[4] Chandni emerged as one of the biggest blockbusters of 1989[5] with The Hindu stating that "the film opened to full houses and distributors had to drastically increase the number of theatres."'[6] It was cited by Times of India as "one of the most watched films of Indian Cinema."[7] Hindustan Times featured the movie in its list of 'Yash Chopra's Greatest Hits' saying "it was instrumental in ending the era of violence in Bollywood and bringing back the romance into Hindi films."

The film consolidated Sridevi’s position as the top female star of the era.[8] Describing Sridevi's performance in Chandni, Indiatimes wrote "True to her screen-name, she was an epitome of radiance, warmth and vivacity. She effortlessly introduced us to the powerful streaks, her classic, angelic character was laden with."[9] The scene where she confronts Rishi Kapoor was ranked by Rediff as one of the "Ten Best Scenes from Yash Chopra Films."[10] While Sridevi topped the Hindustan Times' list of Yash Chopra's "Top 5 Heroines,"[11] CNN-IBN ranked her no. 1 on its list of "Yash Chopra's 10 Most Sensuous Heroines," saying that "Yash Chopra immortalised Sridevi as the perfect Chandni."[12]

The titular character became one of the most famous characters of Hindi cinema with India Today including it in its list of 'Yash Chopra's Iconic Characters'.[13] CNN-IBN listed it among 'The Cult Characters Yash Chopra Created'[14] while NDTV featured it in its list of 'Yash Chopra's Greatest Creations' stating that the film established Sridevi "as the nation's sweetheart" and "reinforced her position as the reigning actress in Bollywood."[15]

Sridevi's iconic 'Chandni Look' revolutionized fashion in North India[4] and became synonymous with the actress,[16] with Rediff stating "A luminous Sridevi slips into every possible design in white for a major chunk of the romance and no one complains."[17] Speaking about the look, Yash Chopra told film critic Rajeev Masand "While making Chandni, I had a vision of who I wanted this girl to be. I told Sridevi that most of her costumes in the film would be in white."[18] The Tribune wrote "Leena Daru scored a winner again when she created the 'Chandni Look' for Sridevi. Every street corner sold the salwar-kameez and dupatta that gave the heroine a refreshingly understated look, rarely seen on the Indian screen."[19] while Mid Day reported "Leena Daru dressed Bollywood’s beauties for several years. But it was her simple white churidar and kurta with the leheriya dupatta for Sridevi in the film Chandni that gave the Southern belle an angelic image and caused the Chandni Chowk stores to hit the jackpot with thousands of copies."[20] BizAsia described the effect of the look saying "Chopra never quite got over his Sridevi hangover and almost always chose to present his lead heroines in similar outfits (Juhi Chawla in Darr (1993), Madhuri Dixit in Dil To Pagal Hai (1997)), but none of them became half as iconic as Sridevi did after Chandni."[21] The 'Chandni Look' was also highlighted in the film's famous Tandav dance sequence by Sridevi, where Rediff said "the actress transformed into a mythical goddess in a white number."[22] Sridevi's chiffons became equally popular with Indian Express writing "This movie made the chiffon sari a must-have in every Indian woman's wardrobe."[23]

The music of Chandni became a multi-Platinum success[4] with Sridevi's famous dance number "Mere Hathon Mein Nau Nau Choodiyan Hain" finding a place in the Rediff chart of 'Bollywood's Top 25 Wedding Songs.'[24] The actress also lent her voice to the film's popular title-track 'Chandni O Meri Chandni'[25] which featured among the 'Top 5 Songs' of Yash Chopra by Hindustan Times.[11] Talking about her role in Chandni, Sridevi said it was "a lively and vibrant girl in the first half (who) becomes quiet and goes into a shell in the second half. I loved that transformation and when you have a director like Yash Chopra at the helm, you can be sure that he will make the best out of everything."[26]

AwardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Yahoo. "Best of Yash Chopra".
  2. ^ Rediff. "The Very Best of Yash Chopra".
  3. ^ TOI. "Top 10 Yash Chopra Films".
  4. ^ a b c iDiva. "Sridevi - The Dancing Queen".
  5. ^ Boxofficeindia.co.in. "Worth Their Weight In Gold! (80s)".
  6. ^ The Hindu. "Yash, he can!". Chennai, India.
  7. ^ Times of India (23 October 2012). "Top 10 Yash Chopra Films". The Times Of India.
  8. ^ Hindustan Times. "Yash Chopra's greatest hits".
  9. ^ Indiatimes. "Most Iconic Names in Yash Chopra Films!". The Times Of India.
  10. ^ Rediff. "The Ten Best Film Scenes from Yash Chopra".
  11. ^ a b Hindustan Times. "Top 50: Glorious moments from Yash Chopra's oeuvre".
  12. ^ CNN-IBN. "Yash Chopra's 10 Most Sensuous Heroines".
  13. ^ India Today. "Yash Chopra's iconic characters".
  14. ^ CNN-IBN. "The cult characters Yash Chopra created".
  15. ^ NDTV. "Vijay, Chandni: Yash Chopra's greatest creations".
  16. ^ Mid Day. "C for Chopra, C for chiffon".
  17. ^ Rediff. "Yash Chopra's visions in white".
  18. ^ RajeevMasand.com. "Yash Chopra: "I see movies today, and I realize that love has changed"".
  19. ^ The Tribune. "Sunday Reading".
  20. ^ Mid Day. "Tinseltown Trendsetters".
  21. ^ bizAsia. "Yash Chopra classic flashback: 'Chandni' (1989)". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  22. ^ Rediff. "Your Favourite Sridevi Avatar Onscreen?".
  23. ^ Indian Express. "Yash Chopra: Timeline".
  24. ^ Rediff. "Bollywood's Top 25 Wedding Songs".
  25. ^ BusinessofCinema. "Anybody Can Sing!".
  26. ^ Magnamags.com. "I Felt Yashji Was Immortal: SRIDEVI".
  27. ^ National-film-awards-1990
  28. ^ Filmfareawards Archived 8 July 2012 at Archive.is

External linksEdit