Chand Usmani

Chand Usmani (3 January 1933 – 26 November 1989) was an Indian actress in Hindi films from the 1950s to the late 1980s. She won the 1971 Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. She is best remembered for playing self-sacrificing wives and mothers.[1]

Chand Usmani
Chand Usmani in Jeevan Jyoti.jpg
Chand Usmani in the film Jeewan Jyoti (1953)
Born(1933-01-03)3 January 1933
Died26 November 1989(1989-11-26) (aged 56)
OccupationActress
Years active1953–1987
AwardsFilmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for Pehchaan (1971)

BiographyEdit

Chandbibi Khanam Usmani was born on 3 January 1933 in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, into a Pashtun family.[2] She married Mukul Dutt (director of Aan Milo Sajna),[2] with whom she had a son, Roshan. She ran a halfway house at her home in Mahim for runaway girls who had come to Mumbai seeking a career in films.[3] She died in Mumbai on 26 November 1989.[4]

CareerEdit

Chand Usmani came to notice by participating in a talent contest called 'Kardar-Kolynos-Teresa Contest' in 1949, winning second place.[5] In 1953, she debuted as the heroine in Jeewan Jyoti opposite Shammi Kapoor (his debut too).[2] She also starred in Barati, Baap Re Baap and Samrat Prithviraj Chauhan, and had major roles in several other films, including Rangeen Raten, Naya Daur, Prem Patra and Pehchan.
She received much critical acclaim: a review of Rangeen Raten (1956) said that she "gives a brilliant performance; hers is also the best developed character, and as a result she becomes the life and soul of the film."[6] In Baap Re Baap, a key scene is noted for "the joy exhibited by Usmani on screen".[7] The Film Heritage Foundation of India describes her as the "effervescent Chand Usmani, with her heart-warming smile".[5] She won a Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress in 1971, for her portrayal of the character Champa, a prostitute, in the 1970 film Pehchan.[8] Writing nearly 40 years later, The Hindu's film reviewer considered that "Chand Usmani does justice to Champa's role displaying restraint, poise and grace in a role which provided ample opportunity to easily go over the top."[9] Despite having a long career, she said in an interview with Tabassum that she regretted not having an agent/manager, which led to her not getting diverse roles and not having more success.[2] In many of her roles, she played a self-sacrificing wife, mother, girlfriend or sister, as summed up by Mahasweta Devi in her 1986 short story 'The Wet-Nurse':

"Jashoda was a true example of Indian womanhood. She was typical of a chaste and loving wife and devoted mother, ideals which defy intelligence and rational explanation, which involve sacrifice and dedication stretching the limits of imagination, and which have been kept alive in the popular Indian psyche through the ages, beginning with Sati-Savitri-Sita right down to Nirupa Roy and Chand Usmani in our times."[10][11]

FilmographyEdit

Title Year Role Notes
Jeewan Jyoti 1953 Kishori
Barati 1954
Baap Re Baap 1955 Kokila
Amanat 1955 Meena
Rangeen Raten 1956 Kamla
Abhimaan 1957 Kiran
Duniya Rang Rangeeli 1957 Radha
Naya Daur 1957 Manju
Sanskar 1958
Naya Paisa 1958
Samrat Prithviraj Chauhan 1959 Samyukta
Do Behnen 1959 Rekha
Aangan 1959
Ramu Dada 1961
Zamana Badal Gaya 1961
Zindagi Aur Hum 1962
Banke Sanwaria 1962
Prem Patra 1962 Sumitra
Laakho Vanzaro 1963
His Highness 1964
Shehnai 1964
Shagoon 1964 Mrs. Rai
Haqeeqat 1964 Ram Singh's Girlfriend
Aprilfool 1964 Mrs. Brijlal Sinha
Kohraa 1964
Shehnai 1964 Salma
Azmat-e-Islam 1965
Mohabbat Zindagi Hai 1966 Lajjo
Daadi Maa 1966
Milan Ki Raat 1967 Savitri Singh
Ghar Ka Chirag 1967
Anita 1967 Bela
Aman 1967 Hiroka
Baazi 1968 Maya
Jawab Ayega 1968
Aanchal Ke Phool 1968 Rani
Mr. Murder 1969
Jiyo Aur Jeene Do 1969
Do Bhai 1969 Ranjana Singh / Ranjana Verma
Balak 1969 Rekha's Mother
Khilona 1970 Laxmi Singh
Pehchan 1970 Champa
Nanhi Kaliyan 1971
Seema 1971
Hulchul 1971 Shekhar's Wife
Raaste Kaa Patthar 1972 Mrs. Choudhary
Zindagi Zindagi 1972 Leela
Agni Rekha 1973 Maya
Dost 1974 Guest Appearance
Resham Ki Dori 1974 Shanti Uncredited
Ujala hi Ujala 1974 Anuradha's Mother
Faslah 1974 Radha Chandra
Khel Khel Mein 1975 Mrs. Anand
Raakhi Aur Rifle 1976
Meera Shyam 1976
Kadambari 1976 Amit's Mother
Jai Mahalaxmi Maa 1976
Bhala Manus 1976 Anand's Real Mother
Bhagwan Samaye Sansar Mein 1976 Eknath's Mother
Parvarish 1977 Radha Singh
Darinda 1977
Zamaanat 1977 Parvati
Videsh 1977 Palanpur's Maharani
Tinku 1977 Mrs. Jwala Prasad
Dharam Veer 1977 Mrs. Roopmati Singh
Ab Kya Hoga 1977 Rajesh's Mother
Hatyara 1977 Shanta D. Singh
Parmatma 1978
Nawab Sahib 1978 Begum
Apna Khoon 1978
Pehredaar 1979
Ahsaas 1979
Lakhan 1979 Maharani
Chambal Ki Raani 1979
Jal Mahal 1980 Shanti
Phir Wohi Raat 1980 Asha's Mother
Lahu Pukarega 1980 Sarla's Mother
Oh Bewafa 1980 Radha's Aunty
Ganga Aur Suraj 1980
Kasam Bhawani Ki 1981
Saajan Ki Saheli 1981 Chanda
Mangalsutra 1981 Satyavati Prasad
Dahshat 1981 Sameer's Mother
Sannata 1981
Yaarana 1981
Khoon Ki Takkar 1981 Shakuntala
Prohari 1982
Arth 1982 School Administrator
Khush Naseeb 1982 Mrs. Geeta D. Sharma
Daulat 1982 Mrs. Choudhary
Pukar 1983 Saraswati
Lal Chunariya 1983 Ratnabai
Bekaraar 1983 Laxmi
Senurwa Bhail Mohaal 1984
Raja Aur Rana 1984 Vijay & Shakti's mother
Ganga Ke Paar 1985
Dil Ek Musafir 1985
Aandhi-Toofan 1985 Mrs. Singh
Ulta Seedha 1985 Mrs. Roy
Mehak 1985
Awara Baap 1985
Yaar Kasam 1985
Vairi-Jatt 1985 Reshma's Mother
Patthar Dil 1985 Devki
Swarthi 1986
Dilruba Tangewali 1987
Anjaam 1987 Malti
Sitapur Ki Geeta 1987 Mrs. Yashoda Singh
Hamari Jung 1987
Insaaf Ki Manzil 1988
Zakhmi Aurat 1988 Mrs. Prakash
Mar Mitenge 1988 Akbar's Grandmother
Nishane Bazi 1989
Elaan-E-Jung 1989 Villager
Naqab 1989
Indira 1989 Mrs. Pratap Rai
Aakhri Muqabla 1989 Tripti's Mother
Aag Aur Angaray 1990
Lohe Ke Haath 1990 Posthumously Released
Amiri Garibi 1990 Radha Posthumously Released
Rajoo Dada 1992 Posthumously Released
Waqt Ka Badshah 1992 Aunty Posthumously Released
Yaar Meri Zindagi 2008 Posthumously Released

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Biddle, Arthur W.; Bien, Gloria; Dharwadker, Vinay, eds. (1996). Contemporary Literature of Asia (Blair Press titles in contemporary world literature). Prentice Hall. p. 58. ISBN 9780133732597. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "The Untold Story of Chand Usmani - Bollywood Stories: Tabassum Talkies".
  3. ^ Merchant, Hoshang (2009). Forbidden Sex, Forbidden Texts: New India's Gay Poets. Routledge. p. 53. ISBN 9780415484510. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  4. ^ India. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Research and Reference Division (1991). Mass Media in India 1991. Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b Film Heritage Foundation, India. "Character Artists of Indian Cinema - Chand Usmani".
  6. ^ "Review of Rangeen Raten". Swatantra. 11: 38. 1956. Retrieved 26 November 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Sharma, Devesh (8 September 2016). "Happy Birthday Asha Bhosle!". Filmfare. Retrieved 4 February 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ The Times of India Directory and Year Book Including Who's who. 1982. p. 310. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  9. ^ Malhotra, APS (10 March 2016). "Blast from the past Friday Review Pehchan (1970)". The Hindu. Retrieved 31 January 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ Devi, Mahasweta (1986). "The Wet-Nurse". In Butalia, Urvashi (ed.). Inner Line: The Zubaan Book of Stories by Indian Women. Zubaan, 2006. p. 33. ISBN 9788189013776. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  11. ^ Yarrow, Ralph (2012). Indian Theatre: Theatre of Origin, Theatre of Freedom. Routledge. p. 44. ISBN 9781136778759. Retrieved 2 February 2019.

External linksEdit