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The Champlain Thrust is a 200-mile long fault extending from southern Quebec, down through western Vermont in the Champlain Valley, and into eastern New York in the Catskills/Hudson Valley.[1] This east dipping thrust fault transports Cambrian-Ordovician passive margin shelf rocks westward by about 30–50 miles (48–80 km) and places them on top of Middle Ordovician rocks. The Middle Ordovician accretion of the one or more island arcs terranes drove the initial thrusting during the Taconic Orogeny, though reactivation of the fault may have occurred during the middle Devonian Acadian Orogeny.[2][3] The Champlain Thrust marks the most westerly thrust of the Taconic Orogeny.

Champlain Thrust
Champlain Thrust Lone Rock.jpg
Champlain Thrust Fault, Lone Rock Point, Burlington Vermont
OrogenyTaconic Orogeny
Age of rockOrdovician

Prominent exposuresEdit

The thrust fault is exposed to the north of the city of Burlington, Vermont on the shores of Lake Champlain at Lone Rock Point. Here the Lower Cambrian Dunham Dolomite can be seen thrust on top of the Middle Ordovician Iberville shales.


  1. ^ "The Champlain Thrust…what is it?". University of Vermont Department of Geology. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  2. ^ Nicholas W. Hayman and W. S. F. Kidd., Reactivation of prethrusting, synconvergence normal faults as ramps within the Ordovician Champlain-Taconic thrust system., Geological Society of America Bulletin (April 2002), 114(4):476-489
  3. ^ Rolf Stanley, The Champlain thrust fault, Lone Rock Point, Burlington, Vermont., Geological Society of America Centennial Field Guide--Northeast Section, 1987

External linksEdit