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The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, the bicameral legislature of Mexico. The other chamber is the Senate. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.

Chamber of Deputies

Cámara de Diputados
LXIV Legislature
Seal of the Chamber of Deputies
Type
Type
History
FoundedSeptember 28, 1821 (1821-09-28)
Leadership
Laura Rojas Hernández (PAN)
since 5 September 2019
Structure
Seats500
Mexico Chamber of Deputies as of Sept. 2019.svg
Political groups
Government (335)

Opposition (164)

  •      PAN (78)
  •      PRI (47)
  •      MC (28)
  •      PRD (11)

Vacancies (1)

Elections
Parallel voting
300 Seats elected by first-past-the-post
200 seats elected by largest remainder method
[1]
Last election
July 1, 2018 (2018-07-01)
Meeting place
Mexico Chamber of Deputies backdrop.jpg
Chamber of Deputies
San Lázaro Legislative Palace
Mexico City
Mexico
Website
Official Website of the Chamber of Deputies
Footnotes
"Diputadas y Diputados por Entidad Federativa" http://sitl.diputados.gob.mx/LXIV_leg/info_diputados.php

CompositionEdit

The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal representative (in Spanish: diputado federal) for every 200,000 citizens. The Chamber has 500 members, elected using the parallel voting system. Elections are every 3 years.

Of these, 300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts, the federal electoral districts (with each state divided into at least two districts). The remaining 200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation. These seats are not tied to districts; rather, they are allocated to parties based on each party's share of the national vote. The 200 party deputies are intended to counterbalance the sectional interests of the district-based representatives. Substitutes are elected at the same time as each deputy, so special elections are rare.

From 1917 to 2015, deputies were barred from serving consecutive terms in accordance with the Constitution's ban on immediate re-election to the legislature. Thus, the Chamber of Deputies was one of the few legislative bodies in the world that was completely renewed at an election. However, this changed with the 2018 elections, and deputies are now permitted to run for re-election. Congressional elections held halfway into the president's six-year mandate are known as mid-term elections.

Last electionEdit

2018Edit

Party District Proportional Total
seats
+/−
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Regeneration Movement 709,840 1.27 8 20,972,573 37.25 84 189 +154
National Action Party 697,595 1.25 5 10,096,588 17.93 41 83 −25
Institutional Revolutionary Party 4,351,824 7.78 1 9,310,523 16.54 38 45 −158
Party of the Democratic Revolution 124,808 0.22 0 2,967,969 5.27 12 21 −35
Ecologist Green Party 1,429,802 2.55 0 2,695,405 4.79 11 16 −31
Citizens' Movement 268,876 0.48 0 2,485,198 4.41 10 27 +1
Labor Party 67,429 0.12 0 2,211,753 3.93 4 61 +55
New Alliance Party 705,432 1.26 0 1,391,376 2.47 0 2 −8
Social Encounter Party 54,906 0.10 0 1,353,941 2.40 0 56 +48
MORENA–PT–PES[a] 23,513,132 42.01 210
PAN–PRD–MC[b] 14,381,872 25.70 63
PRI–PVEM–PNA[c] 6,862,372 12.26 13
Independents 539,347 0.96 0 539,347 0.96 0 0 −1
Write-ins 32,625 0.06 32,959 0.06
Invalid/blank votes 2,227,573 3.98 2,242,615 3.98
Total 55,967,433 100 300 56,300,247 100 200 500 0
Registered voters/turnout 89,994,039 62.20 89,994,039 63.21
Source: INE

a Of the 210 seats won by the MORENA-PT–PES alliance, 97 were taken by MORENA, 57 by the PT, and 56 by the PES

b Of the 63 seats won by the PAN–PRD–MC alliance, 37 were taken by the PAN, 17 by the MC, and 9 by the PRD

c Of the 13 seats won by the PRI–PVEM–PNA alliance, 6 were taken by the PRI, 5 by the PVEM, and 2 by the PNA

Popular Vote
MORENA
37.25%
PAN
17.93%
PRI
16.54%
PRD
5.27%
PVEM
4.79%
MC
4.41%
PT
3.93%
PNA
2.47%
PES
2.40%
Independents
0.96%
Write-ins
0.06%
Invalid/blank
3.98%
Seats
MORENA
37.8%
PAN
16.6%
PT
12.2%
PES
11.2%
PRI
9.0%
MC
5.4%
PRD
4.2%
PVEM
3.2%
PNA
0.4%
Independents
0.0%
 
Chamber of Deputies party composition
 
Electoral alliances in the Chamber of Deputies. Juntos Haremos Historia 306 seats, Por México al Frente 131 seats, Todos por México 63 seats

HistoryEdit

After being drafted, one copy of the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire was given to the Provisional Governmental Board, which was later put on display in the Chamber of Deputies until 1909, when fire destroyed the location.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mexico: Democratization Through Electoral Reform —". aceproject.org. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Celebra SEGOB los 187 años de la firma del acta de Independencia". Presidencia de la Republica. Retrieved March 24, 2014.

External linksEdit