He was admitted to the Middle Temple and was called to the bar. He developed a great reputation as a defence lawyer in several high-profile cases including those of Sir Edward Herbert (the king's attorney-general), Archbishop Laud, the eleven members of the House of Commons charged by Fairfax and his army as delinquents, and James Duke of Hamilton. In 1653 he bought from Lord Sandys The Vyne, a very large Tudor manor house in Hampshire. He demolished much of the northern part of the decaying building and employed the architect John Webb, a pupil of Inigo Jones, to add the portico to the north front in the 1650s, the first of its kind on an English country house.
Chute was elected as a Member of Parliament for Middlesex in the Second Protectorate Parliament in 1656, but was prevented from taking his seat. He was elected again for Middlesex to the Third Protectorate Parliament in 1659 and became its first Speaker. However shortly afterwards he stood down because of ill health and died in April 1659.
The magnificent memorial to Chaloner Chute was commissioned by his descendent Sir John Chute (d.1776) and designed and created by Thomas Carter the Younger of London. It is made of Carrera marble and cost £335. It was begun in 1775 and completed some time after Sir John's death in 1776.
Marriages and issueEdit
Chute married twice:
- Firstly to Anne Skory, a daughter and co-heiress of Sir John Skory/Scory of Wormesley, Herefordshire, and widow of William Place of Dorking, Surrey, by whom he had issue one son and two daughters:
- Secondly he married Dorothy North, a daughter of Dudley North, 3rd Baron North (1581–1666), and widow of Richard Lennard, 13th Baron Dacre (1596–1630), by whom he had no further issue.
- Charles Herbert Cottrell (a descendant)
- "Charles", per Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, Volume 1, 1847, p.220 
- Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 10, Chute, Chaloner by George Fisher Russell Barker  Gives first name of father incorrectly as "Chaloner", not "Charles"
- "biography". Archived from the original on 23 May 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "Brief history of the house at the Vyne".
- Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. 229–239.
- Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851 by Rupert Gunnis p.86
- History of Parliament Online - Chaloner Chute