The Science/Oil City/second Bombay
|• Body||City Municipality Council|
|• Total||31.12 km2 (12.02 sq mi)|
|Elevation||585 m (1,919 ft)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Challakere is a Taluka and town in Chitradurga district in the state of Karnataka, India. It is called Oil City with numerous edible oil mills around the city and also Science City as several science and research organizations such as IISc, DRDO, BARC and ISRO have set up their establishments here.
Challakere is located at  It has an average elevation of 585 metres (1919 ft)..
Challakere is the largest taluk of Chitradurga District. As of 2011[update] India census, Challakere had a population of 55,194. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Challakere has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 62%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Science and Research OrganizationsEdit
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Challakere is 200 km from Bangalore where an integrated township spread over 8,000 acres (32 km2) has been set up by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Defence Research and Development Organization, Indian Institute of Science and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.
Challakere is also known as the 'oil city' or "second Mumbai" of India because it is the second largest producer/supplier of edible oil after Mumbai. There are as many as 60+ oil industries in Challakere. Not only oil, several other industries like dal, fried gram, rice, etc. are also present. The commercial activity in the town is comparable to that of a standard district and the district enjoys a huge business turnover out of town's business.
Challkere is known for the kambali (woven blankets) made by the local Kuruba people. Challakere kambali are sent to various markets across India. Challakere weekly market Sunday market has the good turnover in the state.[clarification needed]
The Datta Mandir is located in Tyagaraja Nagar, and traditional practices of Datta Sampradaya, can be seen at this temple. There is an audumbara tree which has branched into three segments symbolising datta avatar. The tree is full of fruits, which normally attract many insects, but these are not seen in this tree. A great saint, Srinivasa Datta Yogishwar, who lived for about 112 years, like an avadootha. You can see his samadhi in this mandir. Now the mandir is run by Dr. G.S.Govindadas, an ayurvedic practitioner. There is a sacred well in front of the datta idol. In the surrounding areas the water table is 150 to 200 ft (61 m) down, but the 'sacred Ganga' in this well is at 6 ft (1.8 m). and the level remains constant throughout the year. There are legends that, the well known avadooth Sri Sath upaasi of Dodderi (previously called Mallanna) also attained datta sakshatkara in this sacred place. Datta mandir has become a shelter for well-known saints and vidwans. It encourages people in both spiritual and social development. The tiny place has an attracted many saints from all over the country. Datta Jayanthi, Gurupurnima, Gurupadyami are the major celebrations. A sacred place one must visit and get the blessings of lord Dattatreya.
Jagalurajja temple (Ajjana Gudi) is located beside the Ajjana Kere, which is the main water source for surrounding wells and drinking water for challakere and weekly second day of Monday is the special worship of the god. Some people mistake the god name "ajjayya"; it is not a name of god. "jagalurajja" is the name of the god.
Challakere is also known for its Challekeramma temple, at Bellary Road. Challakeramma Jathre is conducted once every five years, in this Jathra more than 15,000 people will participate to get blessings of Challakeramma.
Challakeramma tayi she is known as a sister of Virabadhra swami. Virabadra swami temple located in Bellary road Challakere. Virabdra swami temple jatra is located in Challakere city. Venkateshwara temple in gandhinagara this is the one several temples in Challakere it had hundred fifty-year history and the shila murthy of the venkateshwara temple is brought from Tirumala.
One of the biggest Sai Mandira was built in Challakere during 2016-17. It is located in Pavagada Road about 2 km from city center. It also has several other gods temples within. A grand opening ceremony was held for this temple too.
Dodderi, which is in Pavagada road, has the Sri Kanneshwara temple. Many deities visit this temple which includes foreigners.
There is a Vasavi temple which is built with only Amrutashile stones in Bangalore Road. The temple was built by Arya Vaishya Sangha.
Rama Mandira, an old temple cum choultry, is located in Teru beedi (Car street) has Laksmi Narayana as main deity and also Shiva. This a mujarai temple.
Bhavani Shankara Temple, situated at Laksmipura has Bhavani Shankara as main deity which was bought from Varanasi more than 200 years back without being kept on the floor to maintain the sanctity of the idol. The other gods include Venkateshwara, Ganapathi and Basavanna which were all bought from there.
Challakere is well connected to Bangalore, Bellary, Pavagada, and Chitradurga by road. The Heart of this City is the Nehru Circle. Newly introduced NH 150A which connects Chamarajanagara and Jevargi passes through the city. This highway is well connected to Bangalore-Puna highway (NH4) Via Hiryur.Challakere is 206 km from Bangalore and is well connected to Bangalore. Chitradurga, which is the district headquarters, is 30 km from this city. Many bus connections are available to Bengaluru, Mangalore, Chitradurga, Ballary, Northern Karnataka and other major cities. A KSRTC Bus Depot is newly available in Pavagada Road in this city.
Railway: In this City Good Railway Connection is available as.. 1.Bangalore City-Hospet Passenger Slip/56909-Slip 2.Chikjajur-Hospet Passenger/56911 3.Guntakal Chikjajur Passenger/57452 4.Chikjajur Guntakal Passenger/57451 5.Hospet - Bangalore Passenger/56910-Slip 6.mysore-varanasi trains runs on weekly
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Challakere
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "What the Vedas teach". The Hindu. 14 March 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2018.